Emmie's Evolution of Media Arts

  • The Radio

    The Radio
    Radios became popular for entertainment, news, music, and other ways to pass the time. The radio made it easier for advertisers to reach audiences because it didn't require the consumer's active participation. The radio was a big step in the sports world as well, by broadcasting play-by-play descriptions of sports events.
  • Period: to

    Media Arts

  • 1930 Media

    1930 Media
    Radio was the main source of news and updates about current events in the world and it became even more important when World War II began. Newspapers were struggling more because of the rising popularity of radios.
  • Television

    In the late 1940s, 98 commercial television stations were in 50 large cities. As more people became aware of and got televisions, the daily use of radios decreased and the use of TVs increased. By 1949, TV set prices had gone down and Americans were buying 100,000 sets every week. NBC first developed television news in the 1940s and they combined the announcing techniques of the radio, and the visual images of newsreels.
  • More Television

    More Television
    Television became the most dominant form of media, overtaking the radio and newspaper. There were 3.1 million television sets in American homes and more than 100 television stations in 38 states across America. Sitcoms also became popular. Advertising became more effective and they started sponsoring certain shows and programs to get more publicity. Colour TV was introduced in 1954, but less than 1 per cent of homes had a colour set by the end of that year.
  • First Video Game

    First Video Game
    In October 1958 what is thought to be the first video game was created by Physicist William Higinbotham. It was a simple tennis game similar to the game Pong from the 1970s. Higinbotham made some drawings and blueprints, then technician Robert Dvorak spent around two weeks building the device. When it was finished they named the game Tennis for Two. Higinbotham did not find the game very revolutionary, and he had no idea how popular video games were going to become.
  • News and Journalism

    News and Journalism
    Television was used once again to broadcast the events of the social movements for Civil Rights, and protests against the Vietnam war. Journalism became popular during this time as journalists experimented with capturing current events to show the world. Despite television becoming so popular, the radio and newspaper were still a popular source of current news.
  • Coloured Television

    Coloured Television
    In the early 1960s, the number of coloured televisions went up from 350,000 in 1958 to 500,000. as of January 1st, 1965 the number of coloured TV sets was 2,860,000. NBC’s figure for January 1st, 1966 stood at 5,220,000, an 85% gain over the January 1st, 1965 number. However, this was still only 9.7% of all television households. Many shows were changed to be in colour and they didn't hesitate to make it a part of the advertising.
  • The Kenbak-1

    The Kenbak-1
    In 1970, The Kenbak-1, considered the first personal computer, was designed by John Blankenbaker of Kenbak Corporation. The PC was being sold in early 1971. The system first sold for US$750. The Kenbak-1 was built of small-scale integrated circuits and did not use a microprocessor. However, only around 40 machines were ever built and sold and the production of The Kenbak-1 stopped in 1973 when Kenbak Corporation folded.
  • The Magnavox Odyssey

    The Magnavox Odyssey
    In 1972, the Magnavox Odyssey, the world's first video game console was released by Magnavox. The console came packaged with cards, paper money, and dice to enhance the games. Data wasn't stored on the game cartridges, but they would allow players to pick between the twelve games built into the hardware. The line of Odyssey consoles was being manufactured from 1972 - 1975, and around 350,000 consoles were sold during that time.
  • First Cell Phone

    First Cell Phone
    on 3 April 1973, Motorola became the first company to mass-produce the first handheld mobile phone. The device, the Motorola DynaTAC, weighed 1.1Kg.
  • The Internet

    The Internet
    January 1, 1983, is considered the official birthday of the Internet. This allowed computers on different networks to interact with each other.
  • Microsoft Windows

    Microsoft Windows
    In 1985, the first version of Windows was released. It was a simple GUI (graphical user interstate) that was offered as an extension of Microsoft's existing disk operating system, MS-DOS which was released two years earlier.
  • 1990 Media

    1990 Media
    In the 1990s, the internet became more popular, and more widely and commonly used for things like e-mailing, publishing, gaming. PCs were upgraded and users were now able to "manipulate images, construct Web sites, use 3D software, and edit video and audio content"
  • Netflix

    Netflix was founded in 1997 by Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph. The initial business model included DVD sales and rental by mail, but they dropped the sales around one year after the founding and focused on the initial DVD rental business. Randolph and Hastings met with Jeff Bezos in 1999, where Amazon offered to take Netflix for $14 - $16 million. Randolph thought it was fair at first, however, Hastings denied the offer. Netflix then introduced a monthly subscription concept in September 1999
  • Facebook

    Facebook was launched on February 4, 2004. It was founded by Mark Zuckerberg, Dmy Lin, college roommates, and other Harvard University students. It started off limited to Harvard students but by September 2006, everyone with a valid email address and was older than 13 had access.
  • Instagram

    On October 6, 2010, Instagram was launched.
    Kevin Systrom, the creator, said he created the app because of his love of photography. The app has become globally popular, with over a billion users.
  • Minecraft

    On November 18, 2011, the sandbox video game, Minecraft was released by Mojang. In 2009 in the early stages of developing the game, its original name was Cave Game. Minecraft is the most bought video game to date. They have sold 200 million copies across all platforms like PC, Xbox, and mobile.