multimedia history

By kubavok
  • Period: 299 to

    multimedis history

  • Feb 19, 1448

    Associated Press founded

  • Jan 16, 1450

    Gutemberg press

    Gutemberg press
  • Mar 21, 1500

    Italian gazettes

  • Jan 16, 1517

    Martin Luther nails Ninety Five Theses

    Martin Luther nails Ninety Five Theses
    The Ninety-Five Theses were written by Martin Luther in 1517 and are widely regarded as the initial catalyst for the Protestant Reformation.
  • Jan 21, 1534

    first press in America

  • Dutch Coranto

  • –Oxford Gazette

    –Oxford Gazette
    The fist newspaper writren in English.
  • First American newspaper: Publick Occurrences

  • First successful American newspaper: The Boston News-Letter

  • John Peter Zenger trial

  • First American magazines

  • Bill of Rights (including First Amendment) ratified

  • Alien and Sedition Acts passed

  • – Saturday Evening Post founded

  • First African-American newspaper in U.S.: Freedom’s Journal

  • First Native American newspaper in U.S.: Cherokee Phoenix

  • Noah Webster publishes first dictionary

  • New York Sun begins publication; rise of the Penny Press

  • Samuel Morse granted patent for telegraph. First message, May 24: “What hath God wrought?” Second message: “Have you any news?”

  • Thomas Edison invents the “talking machine”

    Thomas Edison invents the “talking machine”
  • Edison lab develops movie camera

    Edison lab develops movie camera
  • George Eastman introduces the Kodak camera

  • Linotype machine introduced at newspapers

  • first “New Journalism” period; “Yellow Journalism”

  • Edison develops mass market phonograph

  • Edison patents Kinetoscope – first parlor opens 1894 in New York

    Edison patents Kinetoscope – first parlor opens 1894 in New York
  • Joseph Pulitzer’s New York World starts daily women’s page

  • “Stunt girl” Nellie Bly circles the world

    “Stunt girl” Nellie Bly circles the world
  • Muckraking magazines

     Muckraking magazines
  • Guglielmo Marconi sends and receives radio message across the Atlantic

    Guglielmo Marconi sends and receives radio message across the Atlantic
  • First “nickelodeon”

     First “nickelodeon”
  • Reginald Fessenden broadcasts voice

     Reginald Fessenden broadcasts voice
  • Newsreels begin; continue into 1960s

     Newsreels begin; continue into 1960s
  • Titanic sinks; leads to Federal Radio Act of 1912

     Titanic sinks; leads to Federal Radio Act of 1912
  • World War I propaganda, censorship, technology

     World War I propaganda, censorship, technology
  • D.W. Griffith releases Birth of a Nation, first full-length film to significantly impact culture

     D.W. Griffith releases Birth of a Nation, first full-length film to significantly impact culture
  • Charlie Chaplin becomes the first entertainer to earn $1 million

     Charlie Chaplin becomes the first entertainer to earn $1 million
  • RCA founded

     RCA founded
  • First radio stations in U.S. and Canada

    First radio stations in U.S. and Canada
  • Jazz Journalism” tabloids

    Jazz Journalism” tabloids
  • Reader’s Digest magazine founded

     Reader’s Digest magazine founded
  • Lee de Forest shows first “talkie”

    Lee de Forest shows first “talkie”
  • Time magazine debuts

    Time magazine debuts
  • AT&T links two radio stations for first “network”

     AT&T links two radio stations for first “network”
  • A.C. Nielsen company begins

    A.C. Nielsen company begins
  • Federal Radio Act sets up commission to regulate airwaves

  • Philo Farnsworth applies for electronic TV patents

     Philo Farnsworth applies for electronic TV patents
  • The Jazz Singer released

    The Jazz Singer released
  • Academy Awards given for the first time (Wings wins Best Picture)

     Academy Awards given for the first time (Wings wins Best Picture)
  • “Golden Age of Movies”

    “Golden Age of Movies”
  • Eleanor Roosevelt insists on women-only press conferences (“the Roosevelt Rule”)

     Eleanor Roosevelt insists on women-only press conferences (“the Roosevelt Rule”)
  • Federal Communications Commission (FCC) established

    Federal Communications Commission (FCC) established
  • England is first country with regular TV broadcasts

     England is first country with regular TV broadcasts
  • Life magazine debuts

    Life magazine debuts
  • Orson Welles’ “War of the Worlds” broadcast

     Orson Welles’ “War of the Worlds” broadcast
  • TV is a hit at the World’s Fair

     TV is a hit at the World’s Fair
  • First FM radio station started in New Jersey

     First FM radio station started in New Jersey
  • First TV commercial advertises a Bulova clock

     First TV commercial advertises a Bulova clock
  • Welles’s Citizen Kane released; sometimes called the best movie of all time

     Welles’s Citizen Kane released; sometimes called the best movie of all time
  • John H. Johnson starts Negro Digest; would later found Ebony and Jet

    John H. Johnson starts Negro Digest; would later found Ebony and Jet
  • Red Scare leads to congressional investigation of Hollywood

  • Supreme Court hands down Paramount Decision

  • Red Channels: The Communist Influence in Radio and Television ruins careers

     Red Channels: The Communist Influence in Radio and Television ruins careers
  • “Golden Age of Television”

  • “I Love Lucy” debuts; uses film and three cameras

  • FCC lifts “the Freeze” imposed in 1948

  • TV Guide magazine debuts; Lucille Ball and her newborn son on first cover

  • Playboy magazine introduced; Marilyn Monroe is first centerfold

     Playboy magazine introduced; Marilyn Monroe is first centerfold
  • –Edward R. Murrow’s “See It Now” focuses on Joseph McCarthy

    –Edward R. Murrow’s “See It Now” focuses on Joseph McCarthy
  • Elvis Presley discovered by Sam Phillips of Sun Records

  • videotape introduced

    videotape introduced
  • – Quiz show scandal rocks television industry

  • Nikon F the first nikon

    Nikon F the first nikon
  • Kennedy-Nixon debate

     Kennedy-Nixon debate
  • Internet formed for exchange of ideas, not available to general public

  • Network news expands from 15 minutes to 30 minutes

  • Betty Friedan writes The Feminine Mystique

  • New York Times v. Sullivan gives press new right to criticize public officials

  • The Beatles first tour America

     The Beatles first tour America
  • Second “New Journalism” period; literary journalism; underground newspapers

  • Congress passes Public Broadcasting Act; PBS formed

  • Neal Armstrong walks on moon; we see it on TV

     Neal Armstrong walks on moon; we see it on TV
  • ABC introduces made-for-TV movies

  • Feminists stage sit-in at Ladies Home Journal

  • Ms. magazine launched

  • Life magazine died; came back as monthly from 1978 to 2000

  • Boylan v. New York Times sex discrimination lawsuit filed

  • Cigarette advertising banned from TV

  • Richard Nixon resigns, a result of Watergate coverage

     Richard Nixon resigns, a result of Watergate coverage
  • People magazine introduced

     People magazine introduced
  • Home Box Office (formed by Time, Inc. in 1972) begins satellite distribution of TV; Ted Turner starts first “superstation”

  • Sony Betamax home videocassette recorder introduced

  • Matsushita introduces VHS

  • laser disc player introduced; largely a failure, but opened door for CDs

     laser disc player introduced; largely a failure, but opened door for CDs
  • Sony Walkman appears in Japan

     Sony Walkman appears in Japan
  • Iranian hostage crisis leads to “Nightline” and loss by Jimmy Carter to a former radio broadcaster and movie actor

  • “Who Shot J.R.?” on “Dallas” is first TV season-ending cliff-hanger

  • MTV (Music Television) first airs; first video is “Video Killed the Radio Star”

  • USA Today begins publication

  • Home shopping network debuts

  • Sony introduces CD player

  • Internet access opened to general public; changes everything

  • Telecommunications Act of 1996 brings V-chip, deregulation, and dramatic increase in mergers and takeovers

  • Titanic records global box office sales of $1.8 billion

  • I Tunes

  • Apple opens retal store

  • Ipod can store 1000 songs

  • American Idol begins its first season

  • Broadband is in half of American homes

  • Google Library Book Project, digitization of books

  • Presidential debates on YouTube

  • 3 D tvs

  • Steve jobs dies

  • Samsung vs. Apple

  • first Iphone

    Apple