Musical notes

History of Technology in Music

  • Western Union

    Western Union
    The first electronic message service
  • The first transcontinental telegraph line

    Providing fast communication coast to coast
  • The first practical typewriter

    Christopher Latham developed the first practical type writer
  • telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell invention including what was later called "Audio Theatre" plays and readings performed over the telephone.
  • edison invents the phonograph

    used to record and playback sound
  • eile berliner

    invents the first microphone
  • Edison

    issued a patent for the electric incandescent light bulb; wires part of New York with DC current to power street lights and lights in wealthy homes
  • Emile Berliner

    invents the flat record player
  • Vaqldemar Poulson

    invents magnetic wire sound recording
  • The Lumiere Brothers

    use (piano) music with a motion picture program for the first time at a screening at the Grand Café in Paris
  • Eldredge Johnson

    perfects first system of mass duplication of pre-recorded flat disks.
  • Thomas L. Tally

    "The Electric Theater" in Los Angel was open
  • British scientist

    John Ambrose Fleming develops the first vacuum tube called a "Valve."
  • Lee de Forest

    Is granted a patent for the first triod vacuum tube ehich he calls the "Audion"
  • Charles "Doc" Herrold and Ray Newby

    begin experimental "wireless" voice and music broadcasts from San Jose, California using experimental radio station
  • Edison Co.

    Finally introduces a disk player
  • Cecil B. DeMille and Jesse Lasky

    produce the first "feature-length" film called "The Squaw Man"
  • First transcontinental telephone

  • Western Union

    introduces the first consumer charge card.
  • AT&T engineer

    Hensley got the idea for the loudspeaker when he thought about what would happen if he made a telephone receiver really big.
  • Vitaphone

    a sound system to synchronize music and sound effects with a motion picture
  • Bell Laboratories

    a music track for the Warner Brothers film "Don Juan" containing music composed by William Axt.
  • Scotsman John

    invents mechanical television which he calls a "Televisor",
  • National Broadcasting Company

    the first radio network.
  • Phile Farnsworth

    transmits the first "electric television" picture at the size of a postage stamp, an inch and a half square in his San Francisco Laboratory.
  • RCA convinces phonograph

    Victor label as well as Columbia and other manufacturers to standardize on 78.26 rpm as the speed of all phonograph records.
  • billboard magazine

    publishes its first music chart of performed songs.
  • Scotsman John

    Logie Baird demonstrates his system of mechanical television, transmitting its signal from England to the United States over the Atlantic ocean.
  • Thedison Co

    ceases the manufacturing of sound recordings.
  • The West Coast

    "Don Lee" chain of radio stations joins the CBS radio network
  • To improve

    TV pictures, German scientist Fritz Schroeter applies for a patent on interlaced scanning.
  • RCA laboratories

    work on a 33 1/3 rpm record system, but the system fails because the material does not stand up to repeated plays.
  • experimaentsl

    "binaural" phonograph system is created by Bell laboratories
  • The first episode

    "The Lone Ranger" radio series debuts on radio station WXYZ in Detroit. Director Jim Jewell
  • Billbouard magazine

    Publishes its first chart of top- selling records
  • RCA

    Finally gave in to market pressures and began producing 33 1/3 microgroove
  • Zenith introduces the "Lazy Boy"

    the first television remote control (it had a cable.)
  • The NBC-TV

    "Hank McCune Hall" used laugh tracks from other shows on its soundtrack since it was filmed without a studio audience, and the era of "canned laughter"
  • The first ID jingle

    Conpany to "sing-over" pre-recorded backgrounds
  • The "CBS Eye" network logo

    designed by network art director William Golden.
  • The firs wpisode of "I Love Lucy"

    the CBS Television Network, filmed with three cameras simultaneously in front of a "live" audience
  • Coast-to-coast network TV

    is a reality via telephone company coaxial cables.
  • The First public RCA "compatible-color" TV

    TV broadcast was an episode of NBC's "Kukla, Fran and Ollie"
  • RCA proposes to the RICAA

    adopt RCA's "New Orthophonic" recording characteristic as its standard to define equalization crossover points and rolloff characteristics for records
  • The first Pre-recorded

    reel-toreel tape is offered for sale.
  • the first color television sets rolled out of the RCA Victor factory

  • The First "transistor radio"

  • Gerry Thomas invents the frozen "T. V. Dinner"

    To get rid of extre tukey
  • NBS radio notwork

    Format called MONITOR
  • The "NBC Peacock" logo

    symbol of compatible "Living Color"
  • Compatible Stereo disks and record players

  • Sony introduces the first "solid-State" TV

    Using transistors instead of vacuum tubes.
  • FM Stereo radio

    broadcasting begins and FM slowly starts to gain respect.
  • Compact stereo tape cassettes and players are developed by Phillips

  • Douglas C. Engelbart demonstrates

    the first computer mouse (made of wood.)
  • The 8-track stereo tape cartridge

    developed for automobile use by Lear
  • AT&T

    Introduces the picturephone at the worlds' fair
  • The FCC

    Requires cable Tv systems with more than 3500 subcribers
  • Gloria Gaynor

    records "Never Can Say Goodbye" -- the first disco record on US radio
  • Atari of Santa Clara, CA develops "Pong"

    the first electronic computer arcade game.
  • Bill Gates drops out of Harvard, moves to New Mexico to develop software for the new MIPS Altair "micro-computer" with Paul Allen under the name "MicroSoft."

  • Martin Cooper of Motorola conceived the first cellular phone system

  • The first all solid-state video cameras are introduced using Bell Labs "CCD"

    instead of an Image Orthicon or Plumbicon camera tube
  • NBC's weekend radio format MONITOR

  • A four-channel noise reduction system for optical sound tracks on 35mm film

  • Garrett Brown invents the gyroscopic Steadicam

    a motion picture camera stabilizer mount, worn by the cameraman himself, first used in the movie "Rocky."
  • The Sugarhill Gang's "Rapper's Delight", is the first hip-hop record to reach Top 40 radio.

  • The MTV Music TV Cable Network debuts on the air at Midnight,

  • The first IBM-brand "PC"

  • The digital Compact Disc

  • The first CD released (in Japan)

  • The first CD titles are released in the US

  • U.S. computing student Fred Cohen created the very first computer virus

  • Apple Macintosh personal computer debuts with a Graphical User Interface

  • NBC broadcasts the first television programs with stereo sound.

  • Adoption of the CD starts taking a huge bite out of LP sales

  • The Recording Industry Association of America

    CDs have overtaken LP sales in the U.S.
  • The CD overtakes LP sales worldwide

  • CEDAR Audio Ltd. of Cambridge, England develops a Noise Reduction system to fix clicks, pops and crackle from old records re-mastered for release on CD's

  • Phillips introduces a digital audio tape recorder (DAT) using a digital casette.

  • Tim Berners-Lee, a researcher working at the CERN atomic laboratory

  • The Moving Picture Experts Group MPEG-1 Audio Layer III (MP3)

  • The "SoundScan" barcode tracking system of reporting music recording sales

  • The Internet starts to "take off" as a major computing platform due to the World Wide Web

  • The DVD (Digital Versatile Disc) increases capacity of digital storage of audio and video on a CD

  • The world falls in love with everything Internet, and there is talk of a "New Economy"

  • The Internet Web site "" debuts

  • First regular transmissions of HDTV (High-Definition Television) begin in major cities

  • Recordable CD-R digital audio disc technology becomes part of personal computer systems.

  • Rival Audio DVD formats DVD-A and SACD (Super-Audio CD) introduced which offer superior sound than conventional CDs; DVD-A includes other media content as well.

  • The Mutual Broadcasting System is a victim of consolidation

  • Internet music-swapping site "Napster" is created, and alarms the recording industry

  • The first year recording sales actually declined -- record industry blames online music

  • Consumer DVD recorders were introduced at the Comdex Consumer Electronics

  • Digital electronic books (E-Books) become a small part of the publishing industry

  • the so-called "Internet Bubble" burst leading to a recession/shakeout of the inflated technology industry, as reality started to replace "irrational exuberance."

  • Intel announces a breakthrough in the speed of computer processing chips that will make computers several THOUSAND times faster;

  • The TV screen gets more junked up by "crawls" -- banners at the bottom of the screen

  • Apple Computer introduces the iPod portable music player for playing mp3 files

  • television TV sets to include digital receivers in order to help the transition to digital transmission

  • Apple Computer introduces a downloadable music service via its iTunes music application

  • Western Union stopped delivering telegrams as of this date

  • Apple Computer's online music store integrated into its iTunes software and iPod hardware

    sold it's one-billionth song on this date, proving that digital music can be accepted by the public when distributed across a network in a virtual form, as opposed to inscribed only in discrete tangible media.