American Settlement Through the End of the Civil War

  • Oct 12, 1492

    Christopher Columbus arrives in the "New World"

    Christopher Columbus arrives in the "New World"
    Columbus was an Italian explorer that sailed the Atlantic Ocean, sponsored by the Spanish. He is credited for discovering America despite Native Americans already living on the land. His voyage began the exploration of and colonization of America.
  • Jamestown Colony

    Jamestown Colony
    Jamestown was the first permanent English colony in North America in 1607. It was the capital of Virginia for over 80 years.
  • Pilgrims and the Mayflower

    Pilgrims and the Mayflower
    In 1620 a ship called the Mayflower carried a group of English people to North America. They set up their colony in Plymouth, Massachusetts and later became known as the Pilgrims. Pilgrims were Separatists who had separated themselves from the church of England for religious freedom.
  • The First Thanksgiving

    In 1621, the Plymouth colonists and Wampanoag shared an autumn feast that is celebrated today as Thanksgiving Day
  • Period: to

    Massachusetts Bay Colony Government

    IN 1630 a group of Puritans left England and landed in Massachusetts Bay. The leader of this colony was John Winthrop
  • Period: to

    French and Indian War

    The French and Indian War was also known as the Seven Year War. It was a battle between the French and English, The French sided with native Americans in America. France wanted control of the Ohio River area.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    The Stamp Act was a tax put on American Colonists by the British in 1765. The colonists were forced to pay a tax on all printed materials such as newspapers, magazines, and legal documents. It was called the Stamp Act because the colonist was to buy paper from the British that had an official stamp that showed proof, they paid the tax.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    The Boston Tea Party was one of the most important events leading up to the American Revolution. It was a protest by American Colonies against the British Government.
  • The First Continental Congress

    The First Continental Congress
    The First Continental Congress was a group of delegates from each colony, except Georgia. It took place in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The delegates discussed the situation with Britain, including the Intolerable Acts. They sent a letter to King III explaining the issues the colonist had about their treatment.
  • Period: to

    American Revolutionary War

    This war was when British colonists in America rebelled against the rule of Great Britain. The colonists fought many battles until finally gaining their freedom in the United States.
  • Battles of Lexington and Concord

    Battles of Lexington and Concord
    The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the start of the Revolutionary War.
  • The Declaration of Independence

    The Declaration of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence was an official act to break away from the British government and declare their independence. In 1776 Thomas Jefferson wrote the first draft to the constitution.
  • Revolutionary War Ends

    Revolutionary War Ends
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris was the official peace treaty between the United States and Britain that ended the Revolutionary War. The treaty recognized the Thirteen Colonies to be free independent states and the boundaries of the United States allowed for western expansion.
  • The Constitution of the United States

    The Constitution of the United States
    The Constitution of the United States is the framework for the federal government. The constitution gives power to the three powers of government and protects the citizens of their rights.
  • The Bill of Rights

    The Bill of Rights
    The Bill of Rights are the first ten amendments to the Constitution. The Bill of Rights ensures freedom and rights to Americans.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    With the Louisiana Purchase the United States acquired a large piece of land from the French. The United States wanted to extend its growth toward the Pacific Ocean.
  • Period: to

    The Antebellum Period

    The period of Antebellum continued after the War of 1812 until the start of the American Civil War in 1861. It Antebellum was the use of slavery.
  • The Kansas-Nebraska Act

    The Kansas-Nebraska Act
    The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 was created to address Southern opposition to the Nebraska territory being slave free state.
  • Period: to

    Civil War/Total War

    The main cause of this war was the issue of slavery between the Northern States and Southern States.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was an order given on January 1, 1863 by Abraham Lincoln to free the slaves.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg
  • End of the Civil War

    End of the Civil War
    The Civil War finally ended on April 9, 1865 when Robert E. Lee finally surrendered.