Early Explorers

Timeline created by Mahler. C
In History
  • 1000

    Leif Erikson - Viking

    Leif Erikson - Viking
    First European to reach North America
  • 1487

    Bortoloeu Dias sailed for Portugal

    Bortoloeu Dias sailed for Portugal
    Sailed to the bottom of African and found the Cape of Good Hope (Bottom of Africa)
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus sailed for Spain

    Christopher Columbus sailed for Spain
    1st trip sailed to North American, across the Atlantic Ocean, believed he reached Asia.
  • 1493

    Christopher Columbus sailed for Spain

    Christopher Columbus sailed for Spain
    His 2nd voyage to the Americas across the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1497

    Vasco da Gama sailed for Portugal

    Vasco da Gama sailed for Portugal
    First to sail around Africa all the way to Asia.
  • 1497

    John Cabot sailed for England

    John Cabot sailed for England
    He was looking for a northern sea route to Asia. He landed near Newfoundland.
  • 1498

    Christopher Columbus sailed for Spain

    Christopher Columbus sailed for Spain
    His 3rd voyage to the Americas across the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1499

    Amerigo Vespucci sailed for Spain

    Amerigo Vespucci sailed for Spain
    Sailed along the coast of South America. He took such good notes about the coast that mapmakers were convinced this was not Asia and named the new land "America" in his honor.
  • 1500

    Pedro Alavres Cabral sailed for Portugal

    Pedro Alavres Cabral sailed for Portugal
    On his way around Africa he went too wide and ended up in Brazil, South America.
  • 1502

    Christopher Columbus sailed for Spain

    Christopher Columbus sailed for Spain
    His 4th and final voyage to the Americas across the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1513

    Vasco Nunez de Balboa sailed for Spain

    Vasco Nunez de Balboa sailed for Spain
    He travels through central America and is the 1st European to see the Pacific Ocean (largest ocean on Earth).
  • 1513

    Juan Ponce de Leon sailed for Spain

    Juan Ponce de Leon sailed for Spain
    Explored present-day Florida in 1513, looking for the "fountain of youth".
  • 1519

    Hernando Cortes sailed for Spain

    Hernando Cortes sailed for Spain
    A conquistador who explored Mexico. Conquered the Aztec.
  • Period:
    1519
    to
    1522

    Ferdinand Magellan sailed for Spain

    1st European to circumnavigate the globe.
  • 1524

    Giovanni de Verrazano sailed for France

    Giovanni de Verrazano sailed for France
    His goal was to look for a northern route to Asia. He explored the coast of North America from Nova Scotia to the Carolinas.
  • Period:
    1528
    to
    1536

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca sailed for Spain

    Accompanied by Estevanico (a slave) and others, explored the North American Southwest looking for 7 cities of gold.
  • 1532

    Francisco Pizarro sailed for Spain

    Francisco Pizarro sailed for Spain
    A conquistador who explored the Andes Mountains of South America and conquered the Inca Empire.
  • 1535

    Jacques Cartier sailed for France

    Jacques Cartier sailed for France
    Sailed up St. Lawrence River hoping it would lead to the Pacific Ocean. He didn't make it, but found a mountain peak and named it Mont-Royal, where Montreal is located now.
  • Period:
    1539
    to
    1542

    Hernando de Soto sailed for Spain

    Explored Florida and North Carolina and discovered the Mississippi River.
  • Period:
    1540
    to
    1542

    Francisco Vasquez de Coronado sailed for Spain

    Cont. In North American Southwest, looking for cities of gold, discovered the Grand Canyon (in Arizona)
  • 1542

    Juan Cabrillo sailed for Spain

    Juan Cabrillo sailed for Spain
    He explorers up from Mexico and goes into modern day California.
  • Henry Hudson sailed for the Dutch

    Henry Hudson sailed for the Dutch
    In his ship, the Half Moon, sailed North on the Hudson River up to present-day Albany, New York. He did not find a passage to India, so he turned back.
  • Henry Hudson sailed for England

    Henry Hudson sailed for England
    Hudson discovered a bay, which is now called the Hudson Bay. Thinking he found the Pacific he looked for an outlet for months. His crew rebelled and they set Hudson, his son, and a few other sailors on a small boat never to be seen again.
  • Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette sailed for France

    Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette sailed for France
    Traveled the Mississippi River by canoe, hoping to find precious metals and a Northwest Passage. The realized it lead into the Gulf of Mexico and turned around.
  • Robert Cavelier de La Salle sailed for France

    Robert Cavelier de La Salle sailed for France
    Sailed the Mississippi River all the way to the Gulf of Mexico, claiming the region and calling it Louisiana in honor of Louis XIV.