Early Explorers

Timeline created by Buraczewski. E
In History
  • 1000

    Leif Erikson - Viking

    Leif Erikson - Viking
    First European to reach North America.
  • 1488

    Bartolomeu Dias- sailed for Portugal

    Bartolomeu Dias- sailed for Portugal
    Sailed to the bottom of Africa and found the cape of good hope. (southern Africa)
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus- sailed for Spain

    Christopher Columbus- sailed for Spain
    His first voyage, he sailed the Atlantic Ocean, and believed he reached Asia.
  • 1493

    Christopher Columbus- sailed for Spain

    Christopher Columbus- sailed for Spain
    His second voyage to the Americas across the Atlantic Ocean
  • 1496

    Christopher Columbus- sailed for Spain

    Christopher Columbus- sailed for Spain
    His third voyage to the Americas across the Atlantic Ocean
  • 1497

    Vasco da Gama sailed for Portugal

    Vasco da Gama sailed for Portugal
    First to sail all the way around Africa to Asia.
  • 1497

    John Cabot- sailed for England

    John Cabot- sailed for England
    Looked for a northern sea route to Asia-probably landed on the coast of present-day Newfoundland
  • 1499

    Amerigo Vespucci- sailed for Spain

    Amerigo Vespucci- sailed for Spain
    Sailed along the coast of South America. He took such good notes about the coast that map makers were convinced this was not Asia and named the new land “America” in his honor.
  • 1500

    Pedro Alavres Cabral- sailed for Portugal

    Pedro Alavres Cabral- sailed for Portugal
    On his way around Africa he went to wide and ended up in Brazil, South America
  • 1502

    Christopher Columbus- sailed for Spain

    Christopher Columbus- sailed for Spain
    His fourth and final voyage to the Americas across the Atlantic Ocean
  • 1513

    Vasco Nunez de Balboa- sailed for Spain

    Vasco Nunez de Balboa- sailed for Spain
    He travels through central America and the first European to see the Pacific Ocean (Largest Ocean on Earth)
  • 1513

    Juan Ponca de León- sailed for Spain

    Juan Ponca de León- sailed for Spain
    Explored present day Florida, looking for “the foundation of youth” (to live forever)
  • 1519

    Hernándo Cortés- sailed for Spain

    Hernándo Cortés- sailed for Spain
    A conquistador who explored Mexico. Conquered the Aztec
  • Period:
    1519
    to
    1522

    Ferdinand Magellan- sailed for Spain

    First European to circumnavigate the globe.
  • 1524

    Giovanni de Verrazano- sailed for France

    Giovanni de Verrazano- sailed for France
    Looked for a northern route to Asia- explored the coast of North America from Nova Scotia to the Carolinas
  • Period:
    1528
    to
    1536

    Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca- sailed for Spain

    Accompanied by Estevancio (a slave) and others, explored the North American Southwest looking for 7 cites of gold.
  • 1532

    Francisco Pizarro- sailed for Spain

    Francisco Pizarro- sailed for Spain
    A conquistador who explored the Andes Mountains of South America and conquered the Inca Empire.
  • 1535

    Jacques Cartier- sailed for spain

    Jacques Cartier- sailed for spain
    Sailed up St. Lawrence River trying to get to the Pacific. Did not make it but discovered Mont-Royal mountain peak, present day Montreal
  • Period:
    1539
    to
    1542

    Hernando de Soto- sailed for Spain

    Explored Florida and North Carolina discovered Mississippi River
  • Period:
    1540
    to
    1542

    Francisco Váquez de Coronado- sailed for Spain

    cont. in North American southwest, looking for cuties of gold, discovered the Grand Canyon (in AZ)
  • 1542

    Juan Carbrillo- sailed for Spain

    Juan Carbrillo- sailed for Spain
    He explored up from Mexico and goes into modern day California
  • Henry Hudson- sailed for Spain

    Henry Hudson- sailed for Spain
    Looked for a passage through the Americas. Discovered the Hudson River
  • Henry Hudson- sailed for England

    Henry Hudson- sailed for England
    Found the Hudson Bay, but thought it was the Pacific so he searched for an outlet until his crew rebelled
  • Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette- sailed for France

    Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette- sailed for France
    Traveled up the Mississippi River looking for precious metals and a NW passage. Ended up giving up when they realized the river went south.
  • Robert Cavelier de La salle- sailed for France

    Robert Cavelier de La salle- sailed for France
    Sailed down the Mississippi to the Gulf coast and claimed Louisiana for France