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Documents of History (Primary Source)

  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta published

    Magna Carta published
    This document, which formally declared limitations to the power of the King of England is generally viewed as the first document of civil liberties and rights of citizens in Europe.
  • Oct 31, 1517

    '95 Theses'

    '95 Theses'
    Martin Luther nails his '95 These' to a church door in Wittenberg, Germany, outlining his criticisms of the Roman Church
  • The Social Contract

    The Social Contract
    Jean Jacques Rousseau's treatise about political & social structures would become one of the most influential Liberal publications of modern history. In it, he proposes that society should be governed not by centralised Absolute Monarchs, but by the general will of the people, represented by governments and that all laws must be made by the will of the people.
  • American Declaration of Independence

    American Declaration of Independence
    Having convened two previous Continental Congresses, the 3rd Continental Congress in 1776 formally adopted the 'Declaration of Independence' written by Thomas Jefferson.
  • Communist Manifesto

    Communist Manifesto
    Published by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels in 1848, this document outlines the conflict between those that owned capital and the resources to create capital (Bourgeoisie) and those that worked in the process of making cpaital (Proletariat). The Communist movement which sprang from this school of thought, achieved power under the 'Bolshevik' wing of Communism in Russia in October 1917.
  • Proclamation of Irish Republic

    Proclamation of Irish Republic
    An assorted group of IRB, Irish Volunteers & Irish Citizen Army members took control of key buildings in Dublin, Ireland and issued a 'Proclamation of the Irish Republic' on this day. This Proclamation was read by Padraig Pearse outside the GPO building, which would be the HQ for a week-long rebellion against British Rule in Ireland.
  • Irish Declaration of Independence

    Irish Declaration of Independence
    Having convened the 1st Dáil Eireann (An Chéad Dáil Eirinn), the Dáil issued a 'Declaration of Independence' to the free nations of the world. This was done in defiance of British Rule in Ireland and is the beginning of the Irish War of Independence (1919 - 1921) commonly referred to as the "Anglo-Irish War."