Deadly Tsunamis - Nora Simmons

  • Lisbon Earthquake (Portugal)

    Lisbon Earthquake (Portugal)
    The total magnitude of this earthquake was 8.5-9.0 on the moment magnitude scale. The range of fatalities from this event are 10,000-100,000 people. The city itself actually was engulfed in flames after the earthquake due to candles being knocked over during the quake, causing things to catch flame.
  • Krakatoa Eruption (Java/Sumatra)

    Krakatoa Eruption (Java/Sumatra)
    The total magnitude of this eruption was a 6 on the VEI. The total amount of deaths seen was predicted to be about 36,417 people. The eruption released so much sulfur into the air, that the effects seen were an average drop in temperature by 2.2 degrees for 5 years.
  • Aleutian Earthquake (Alaska)

    Aleutian Earthquake (Alaska)
    This earthquake occurred at 3:29 AM local time in Alaska. The total magnitude was 8.6 on the moment magnitude scale and classified as strong (VI) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The total number of causalities were between 165-173 people. The tsunami that occurred because of this earthquake is known as the "April Fools Day Tsunami" due to the timing of the event, as well as people thinking the warnings were a prank.
  • Great Chilean Earthquake (Chile)

    Great Chilean Earthquake (Chile)
    This earthquake occurred at 3:11 local time in Chile. The total magnitude of this quake was between 9.4-9.6 on the moment magnitude scale. The total number of deaths range between 1000-7000 killed. This was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded.
  • Good Friday Earthquake (Alaska)

    Good Friday Earthquake (Alaska)
    The start time of this earthquake was 5:36 PM, in south-central Alaska.The total magnitude of this earthquake was 9.2 on the moment magnitude scale. The total number of deaths is estimated at 139 people. This is the second strongest earthquake recorded, as well as being the strongest earthquake recorded in North America.
  • Hokkaido Earthquake (Japan)

    Hokkaido Earthquake (Japan)
    This earthquake occurred at 10:17 PM in Japan. The total magnitude was 7.7 on the moment magnitude scale, as well as being classified as "severe" (VIII) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The death toll from the entire event was 230 overall, in both Japan and Southeastern Russia. This earthquake triggered both a tsunami and landslide to occur.
  • Papua New Guinea Quake (Papua New Guinea)

    Papua New Guinea Quake (Papua New Guinea)
    The local time of this earthquake was 6:49 PM. The total magnitude of the Papua New Guinea Quake was 7.0 on the moment magnitude scale, and classified as "severe" (VIII) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The total death toll varies form 2183 to 2700 people. While scientists originally thought the tsunami was triggered from a vertical drop in the Pacific ocean after the quake, it was later discovered that the tsunami occurred due to an underwater landslide.
  • Sumatra Earthquake (Indonesia)

    Sumatra Earthquake (Indonesia)
    The time this earthquake occurred at 12:58 AM in Indonesia. The total magnitude of the earthquake was somewhere between 9.1-9.3 on the moment magnitude scale, and a IX on the Mercalli intensity scale. The total death toll from the event is estimated somewhere at 227,898 people. Due to the gigantic tsunamis that occurred after the quake, the event is now known as the "Boxing Day Tsunamis", named after the day of the disaster.
  • Samoa Earthquake (Samoan Islands)

    Samoa Earthquake (Samoan Islands)
    This earthquake occurred at 1:48 PM in the Samoa Islands. The total magnitude of this earthquake was 8.1 on the moment magnitude scale, and declared strong (VI) on the mercalli intensity scale. The total death toll was more than 189 fatalities from all the areas hit. This earthquake was located on the outskirts of the ring of fire, which adds to the intensity of the quake.
  • Chile Earthquake (Chile)

    Chile Earthquake (Chile)
    The time of this earthquake was 3:34 AM in Chile. The total magnitude of 8.8 on the moment magnitude scale, as well as being declared severe (VIII) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The total deaths recorded was 525 people, as well as many other casualties. Due to the intensity of the earthquake, it triggered tsunami warnings in 53 other countries.
  • Tohoku Earthquake (Japan)

    Tohoku Earthquake (Japan)
    This earthquake occurred at 2:46 PM local time in Japan.The total magnitude of the earthquake was 9.0-9.1 on the moment magnitude scale. The total deaths seen from the event were 15,896 people, as well as about 8,000 others injured or missing. The Tohoku Earthquake is the strongest earthquake ever seen in Japan. There was also nuclear power plant explosions that occurred due to power lose in the areas.