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Culture and Currents of Thought

  • Oct 28, 1500

    First Occupants

    First Occupants
    Their spiritual beliefs include: Shamanism (Priest/medicine man) , things are explained through Myths and legends, Dreamcatchers are used. Their social relationships include Respect for elders, Traditions, no written laws, and no private property. Their religion includes: Animism they respect nature and all living things have souls. Their beliefs are based off of the circle of life Circle of life.
  • French Regime

    French Regime
    French Regime began
  • Catholicism

    The influence of Catholicism on culture. Very Powerful everybody did what the church wanted or you were excommunicated.
    Priests in charge of parishes (cure) and were also missionaries. Nuns working in hospitals and schools. Potential priests were trained in a seminary. Money to make all this happen came from the church tax called the tithe. Most of the people were extremely religious, it was CENTRAL to their lives. They controlled all domains including education, art, architecture, laws etc...
  • The Divine Right of Kings

    The Divine Right of Kings
    The king had total power and was chosen by god. King Louis 14th was gaining control in Europe,his colony of New France was still suffering (wasn’t developing its economy nor population, suffering attacks).He decided to take back the colony,deployed 1200 trained soldiers, altered the new french system, ended mercantilism. He ended the monopoly and placed New France under the Minister of Marine who at the time was Jean-Baptiste Colbert. He and Louis implemented Royal Government in 1663.
  • Beggining of British Regime

    Beggining of British Regime
    End of French Regime
  • Life in new france

    Life in new france
    Settlers had happy lives but it was work. There was work to be done everyday; Caring for crops, making clothes, fixing tools, preparing for winter. Because New France was not really developing settlers became self-dependent. Life differed from France, where you had the very rich and massive numbers of poor/starving people. People often did what they wanted. Many worked with or lived with native…voyageurs and courier de bois choose their way of life
  • Ultramontanism

    Ultramontanism the policy of the party in the Roman Catholic Church that favors increasing and enhancing the power and authority of the pope.By advocating of absolute obedience to the Catholic religion. Church seeks to increase and extend its influence in all spheres of life. Social, political, cultural, etc
  • Anticlericalism

    opposed to the influence and activities of the clergy or the church in secular or public affairs. In opposition to ultramontanism, Advocating of the separation of church and state. What we have today
    and Promotion of a more democratic regime.
  • How the Government functions

    How the Government functions
    We are a Constitutional Monarchy meaning the Queen & Governor General have only symbolic power. We are also a Parliamentary Democracy meaning Laws must be passed through the parliament, whose members are elected. There are three levels of Government: Federal, Provincial, Municipal, each level has three types of functions.
  • Government functions

    Government functions
    For more information please look at the diagram.
  • Creation of Canada

    Creation of Canada
    Canada is finally created
  • Liberalism

    A political or social philosophy advocating the freedom of the individual, parliamentary systems of government, nonviolent modification of political, social, or economic institutions to assure unrestricted development in all spheres of human endeavor, and governmental guarantees of individual rights and civil liberties. Liberal ideas were diffused of by means of newspapers.
  • Imperialism

    the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies. This helped the spread of the British ideals (imperialists) in newspapers and stories. It also caused the creation of the anti-imperialist newspaper Le Devoir.
  • Capitalism

    an economic system in which investment in/ownership of a company and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, especially as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth. This causes the construction of buildings by capitalists who form part of our architectural heritage.The diffusion of capitalist ideas through the mainstream press owned by businessmen and the appearance of literary works that depict economic disparities.
  • Socialism

    a system of social organization that advocates the ownership and contol of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., by the community as a whole.
  • Oka crisis

    Oka crisis
    In the summer of 1990 Mohawk warriors established road blocks on the borders to their reserves in Oka just outside Montreal, when a golf course wanted to expand its 9 holes onto native land. The natives militarily organized themselves and the Canadian Forces were called in to handle the situation.
    This resulted in the creation of the Charlottetown accord
  • Agriculturism

    Push to support farmers/farming
  • Nationalism

    Basically a devotion to one's own nation and its interests over those of all other nations. Example: Quebec nationalism, Canadaien nationalism
  • Laicism

    The seperation of church and state
  • Cooperatism

    Groups of people form co ops to appeal to their best interests
    exanple: caise commune or farmers co op
  • Fascism

    A government ruled by a dictator. Example: Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Jospeh Stalin
  • Feminism

    Equal rights and opportunities for women
  • Americanism

    Influence of American culture in Canada (films,music, radio, television)
  • Aboriginalism

    Claims for ancestral rights and recognition of aboriginal identity through tradition culture (writings, language, music, éducation, etc).