Culture and currents of thought

Timeline created by Markella Drizos
  • Divine right of kings

    Divine right of kings
    The divine right of kings means that the ruler was said to receive his or her power directly from God's representative on earth. Therefore the King and the Church work together and nobody could questions the King since he's God's representative on earth. He also has total power.
  • Catholicism

    During the French Régime, the Catholic Church had the most influence on ideas and culture. The Church is also responsible for education, healthcare, orphans, poor people and to convert the Amerindians to Catholic faith. Therefore, the Catholic Church has most of the control of the population.
  • Founding of the Collège des Jésuites

    Founding of the Collège des Jésuites
    This was a school for boys from the Québec elite to get a higher education. It was founded by a French nobleman.
  • Founding of Ville-Marie by the Société de Notre-Dame de Montréal pour la conversion des Sauvages de la Nouvelle-France

    Founding of Ville-Marie by the Société de Notre-Dame de Montréal pour la conversion des Sauvages de la Nouvelle-France
    The Canadian culture was developing in New France so they created Ville-Marie which is now Montreal.
  • Foundation of the Grand Séminaire

    Foundation of the Grand Séminaire
    This was a school who trained priests for the Catholic church.
  • Publication of the Catechism

    Publication of the Catechism
    To make sure that the catholic religion keeps being practiced, the clergy printed the catechism. This book explained the faith and practices followed by the Catholic Church.
  • British imperialism

    British imperialism
    In Canada, many people were proud to be a British colony. Therefore, imperialism means that those people believed that Canada should maintain and reinforce its ties to Great Britain.
  • Creation of The Montreal Gazette newspaper

    Creation of The Montreal Gazette newspaper
    The Montreal Gazette and other newspapers and brochures, promoted the liberal ideas at the time. Making people having to read about it and to be interested in it.
  • Rise of liberalism in Lower Canada

    Rise of liberalism in Lower Canada
    Liberalism means that all individuals have equal rights and including protection from the monarch's power. They have the right to think freely about religious, economic, cultural and political aspects.
  • French Canadian nationalism (Patriotes of Lower Canada)

    French Canadian nationalism (Patriotes of Lower Canada)
    The French Canadians wanted to identify themselves with something. Henri Bourassa became the main spokesman of French Canadian nationalism. They want to be their own nation and not just a colony.
  • Ultramontanism

    Ultramontanism is a current of thought that is very religious. They wanted to bring the "Old Ways" back. In other words, they wanted the Catholic religion, the french language and big families to come back.
  • Anticlericalism

    Anticlericalism is the opposite of ultramontanism. They refuse the "Old Ways" and don't want the Church to have so much control in the society.
  • Rise of capitalism

    Rise of capitalism
    Capitalism is the current of thought that encourages the concentration of wealth and the control of the means of production by a small number of people, as well as free competition. Unfortunately, capitalism only benefits the rich so they English business class.
  • Canadian and French Canadian nationalism

    Canadian and French Canadian nationalism
    Canadian and French Canadian nationalism was a current of thought during the contemporary period that really promoted the preservation of the French Canadian culture. With the arrival of the English, the French Canadians started to think they were going to lose their culture. But with this new current of thought, they wanted to preserve their culture. Two spokesmen for this were Lional Grouxl and Henri Bourassa.
  • Agriculturism

    This current of thought was defended by Curé Antoine Labelle and it promoted rural life and traditional agricultural way of life. The Church persuaded French Canadians to settle in the undeveloped regions of Québec.
  • Rise of feminism

    Rise of feminism
    After World War II, feminism became more demanding. in 1918, women obtained the right to vote in federal elections. In 1940, they got the right to vote in provincial elections. They demanded equal rights with men.
  • Rise of the cooperative movement

    Rise of the cooperative movement
    This current of thought wanted to help make everyone equal because there were many inequalities because of capitalism and industrialization.
  • Birth of fascism

    Birth of fascism
    Fascism was a very racist current of though that originated in Europe. Those people believed that some ethnic cultures were superior to others. One example of fascism would be Adolf Hitler.
  • Rise of socialism

    Rise of socialism
    Socialism was born in Europe and it criticized capitalism and industrial development. They advocated state intervention in order to protect business wealth. The Cooperative Commonwealth Federation was born after the rise of socialism.
  • Growing American influence

    Growing American influence
    Starting in the middle of the 1940's, Québec started to adapt their culture thanks to American influence. The population of Québec started buying cars, televisions and even started to make their own broadcasting radio shows.
  • Rise of secularism

    Rise of secularism
    This current of thought believed in the separation of the Church and the State. They wanted the Church to only take care of spirituality and that religion should be a private matter.
  • Rise of Québec nationalism

    Rise of Québec nationalism
    The citizens of Québec feared the loss of their culture and they didn't want to get defeated by the English.
  • Aboriginalism

    In the beginning of the 1970's, Aboriginals started to question their place in society. They wanted the government of Canada to recognize their rights and consider their point of view, interests and cultural characteristics. Thus, their main objective was to preserve their culture.
  • Neoliberalism

    This current of thought promotes the sharing of power between the State and the government. They didn't want the State to intervene in economic matters.
  • Period: to

    Patriotes rebellions

    The Patriotes rebelled because they feared the loss of their Canadian culture and they also wanted the establishment of a democratic system. Thus, they didn't want to get dominated by the British so they rebelled.