The Turing TestYear: 1951
Invention: A standard test to answer, "Can machines think?"
Inventor: Alan Turing
He theorized that if a computer, on the basis of written replies to questions, could not be distinguished from a human, then it must be “thinking”.
Invention: OXO, computer game
Inventor: Alexander Douglas
It was one of the earliest computer games to ever exist.
Inventor: John Bachus
Sppedcode greatly reduced the time required to write a program
Logic TheoristYear: 1955
Invention: Logic Theorist, a program that would eventually prove 38 theorems from Whitehead and Russell’s Principia Mathematica
Inventer:Allen Newell, Herbert A. Simon, J.C. Shaw
This program introduced several critical concepts to artificial intelligence.
First Computer Scanned ImageYear: 1957
Invention: Digitized Image
Inventor: Robert Kirsch
One of the earliest applications of computers to image creation and processing