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Columbian Exchange Timeline

  • Jun 20, 1492

    Columbus Sails

    Columbus Sails
    Columbus sails across the Atlantic ocean in hopes of finding a new trade route to India. He lands in the Bahamas which he thinks is Japan.
  • Jan 1, 1497

    Amerigo Vespucci Sails

    Amerigo Vespucci Sails
    Vespucci sailed to the Americas twice in his life, when he sailed for the second time he realized that he was not in India but on an unexplored land. It is soon named the Americas after his name.
  • May 1, 1497

    John Cabot Sails

    John Cabot Sails
    Cabot and his crew heads east across the Atlantic and landed on the coast of North America in modern day Canada. Cabot claims the land for England.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1500 to

    Missionaries

    *Note: The Missions exsisted until around 1850 but I did not want this timeline to extend too far.*
    MIssionaries are people who work to spread their religion to other people. A mision is a building or group of buildings used as a base for missionary work. Catholic priests founded the missions throughout what is the Southwest United States. The spanish missions generally included a church, living quarters, workrooms, and storerooms, all within a walled enclosure.s
  • Jan 1, 1513

    Vasco Núñez de Balboa Finds The Pacific

    Vasco Núñez de Balboa Finds The Pacific
    Vasco Núñez de Balboa crosses the Panama isthmus that Columbus failed to cross. Vasco finds the Pacific Ocean on the other side.
  • Jan 1, 1513

    Juan Ponce de León Sails

    Juan Ponce de León Sails
    León sales for North America landing on the coast of Florida, which he named Cape Canaveral. Soon hearing legends of a "fountain of youth" from Puerto Rico natives he starts searching for it.
  • Jan 1, 1519

    Hernán Cortés Conquers

    Hernán Cortés Conquers
    Cortés came across Mexico following rumours of gold, he soon discovered indigenous people who told him of a great empire with large amounts of gold. He and his army traveled to Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec Empire, in the journey he and his men faced disease and overheating in the forests. Cortés soon conquers the Aztec Empire with a combination of superior weaponry, horses, local allies, and disease. In 1521 Cortés destroys Tenochtitlán and builds modernday Mexico City on top.
  • Nov 1, 1520

    Ferdinand Magellan Sails

    Ferdinand Magellan Sails
    Even though the discovery of the Americas was so big the Europeans still wanted to find a trade route to India. Ferdinand traveled west like everybody else except that he travelled through a 373-mile channel, now known as the Straight of Magellan. He then gave the Pacific Ocean the name we know today.
  • Jan 1, 1521

    León Establishes a Colony

    León Establishes a Colony
    León attempted to establish a colony on the gulf side of Florida. The colony was soon attacked and León was shot in the leg, he soon dies.
  • Feb 1, 1521

    Ferdinand Magellan Still Searches

    Ferdinand Magellan Still Searches
    Ferdinand reaches the Philippines in February 1521, he was soon killed in battle with the Natives. Members of Ferdinand's crew took over the ships and continued west through Indonesia, Across the Indian Ocean, around the Cape of Good Hope, and north to Spain. The survivors of Ferdinand's crew were the first to complete a voyage around the world by sa.
  • Jan 1, 1530

    Francisco Pizarro Conquers

    Francisco Pizarro Conquers
    In 1520 Pizarro took two expiditions to confirm the rumours of local tribes riches, the expeditions confirmed the proof of Inca riches. In 1530 Pizarro sent out from Panama to attempt his conquest of the Incas, taking advantage of the civil war that was happening Pizarro moved closer eventually meeting with the Incan emporer Atahualpa, they opened fire and killed thousands of Incas and capturing Atahualpa. He tried to gain his freedom by offering Pizzaro riches, Atahualpa was killled anyway.
  • Jan 1, 1539

    Hernando de Soto Colonizes

    Hernando de Soto Colonizes
    De Soto is sent to colonize the Americas and establish a settlement in Florida. Unlike León, De Soto attempts to befriend the Natives and once he found one friendly tribe he used them as messengers to establish more links so he could make his way into North America.
  • May 1, 1541

    Hernando De Soto Travels

    Hernando De Soto Travels
    De Soto travel through present-day Georgia, Tennesse, Alabama, and Mississippi. They also later crossed the Mississippi River and through Louisiana, eastern Texas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. They found no gold and De Soto died of a fever in 1542 and his crew was soon attacked by Native People. Only half of the Expidition survived.
  • Henry Hudson Sails

    Henry Hudson Sails
    Henry sailed west for the Enflish hoping to find the "Northwest Passage." He believed that the ice and glacies in the Northern Seas would melt during the summer, allowing him to travel around the Americas from the North. But the Winds drew him off, his second attempt also failed.
  • Hudson Tries Again!

    Hudson Tries Again!
    Out of money from the English Hudson asks England's competitors, the Dutch for funding. On his 3rd voyage Hudson travelled along the North American coast, he then discored the New York Bay and the Hudson River. The dutch refused to support another voyage so Hudson turned to the English once again. On his 4th voyage Hudson discovered the Hudson Bay, but his ship was frozen in ice until spring where his crew sent him and some loyal supporters of in a raft, he was never seen again.
  • NM is a Royal Colony

    NM is a Royal Colony
    New Mexico Becomes A royal Colony. As a royal colony New Mexico was under the direcct control of Spain's rulers. They would pay all the expenses of the colony. They would decide its future. Henceforth, New Mexico would be a colony in which friars saved the souls of Indians. It would be a field for missionary work. The viceroy named Don Pedro de Peralta would be the first goverener of New Mexico.
  • Period: to

    Spanish Christianize the Indians

    The Spanish tried to change the Indians culture by destroying their religous items and discouraging them praacticing their religion. At the same time they tought Christian religion in schools. The male Indians would have to wear shirts and pants. Females Indians would have to wear blouses and skirts, they would have to practice monogramy. The Spanish were trying to make them as Christian as possible.
  • Period: to

    Disease and Hunger

    In this time many Indians died of starvation and disease. In 1640 alone some 300 Pueblo Indians died from smallpox. This was more than 10 percent of the total Indian population.
  • The Drought

    The Drought
    After 1650 New Mexico became much drier. Drought killed many crops, The Indians faced Starvation for a=many years. A report in 1669 claimed over 450 Indians died of hunger at Las Humanas Pueblo alone.
  • Gruber is Arrested

    Gruber is Arrested
    A man named Bernardo gruber was a peddler who, it seemed practiced witch craft. He sold little pieces of paper that he claimed gave whoever chewed them invincibility for the day. He was soon arrested by the Missionaries. He escaped in 1670 with an Apache servant, five horses, and a gun, his clothes and hair was soon found and that stretch of land is now called "Journey of the Dead Man." This proved the power of the MIssionaries to many people so nobody would mess with them.
  • Pueblo Priests Arrested

    Pueblo Priests Arrested
    The priests were determined that the Pueblo peoples would practice only the Catholic faith. To enforce this they arrested 47 Pueblo medicine men. To the Spanish they were devil worshippers.
  • The Pueblo Revolt

    The Pueblo Revolt
    After the medicine men were released, Popé one of the medicine men had a vision. Over the next five years, Pueblo peoples would think about what they had learned. United they could defeat the Spniards. They sent runners with knotted yucca cords to tell the other Pueblos. The Spanish learned of their plans so they had to advance it a couple of days. Popé even killed his son in law when he doubted his loyalty. The attack began and many, many Spaniards were killed.