College History II

By zhenga
  • National Labor Union Organized

    National Labor Union Organized
    The Union represented various types of workers and worked for arbitration of industrial disputes and eight hour workdays.
  • Transcontinental Railroad Joined

    Transcontinental Railroad Joined
    The railroad, joined in Utah, served as a vital link for trade, commerce, and travel that united the eastern and western halves of the United States.
  • Standard Oil Company Organized

    Standard Oil Company Organized
    Standard Oil, founded by John D. Rockefeller, was a predominant American oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company.
  • Tweed Scandal

    Tweed Scandal
    Tamany Hall employed bribery, cunning, and fradulent elections to illegally get as much as $200 million in New York City.
  • Panic of 1873

    Panic of 1873
    Overspeculation caused thousands of businesses to enter bankruptcy.
  • Resumption Act Passed

    Resumption Act Passed
    The act provided for the replacement of the Civil War fractional currency by silver coins and reduced the greenback total.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875

    Civil Rights Act of 1875
    The act guaranteed equal accommodations in public places and prohibited racial discrimination in jury selection, but the law was not enforced.
  • Telephone Invented

    Telephone Invented
    Alexander Graham Bell created a faster method of communication.
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877
    The Compromise of 1877 settled the disputed 1876 U.S. Presidential election and ended Reconstruction.
  • Reconstruction Ends

    Reconstruction Ends
    The Compromise of 1877 required the removal of federal troops in the South, thus limiting protection for African-Americans.
  • Electric Lightbulb Invented

    Electric Lightbulb Invented
    Thomas Edison overcame the obstacle to finding a light bulb that would burn long enough to become commercially viable.
  • Garfield Assassinated

    Garfield Assassinated
    Charles Guiteau shot Garfield at a railroad station assuming that Arthur would reward him with a political position.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    A federal law passed in response to complaints by workers on the West Coast forbidding the immigration of Chinese laborers into the United States.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    The Interstate Commerce Act created an Interstate Commerce Commission to oversee the conduct of the railroad industry.
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    Sherman Anti-Trust Act
    It was the first federal statute to limit cartels and monopolies and requires the United States federal government to investigate and pursue any organization suspected of violating the Act.
  • Sherman Silver Purchase Act

    Sherman Silver Purchase Act
    It required the U.S. government to purchase nearly twice as much silver as before and added substantially to the amount of money already in circulation.
  • McKinley Tariff Act

    McKinley Tariff Act
    The act increased rates to their highest peacetime level ever (48.4%).
  • Homestead Strike

    Homestead Strike
    The steel plant near Pittsburgh called in 300 armed Pinkerton guards to stop a strike by steelworkers angry over pay cuts.
  • Coeur d'Alene District Strike

    Coeur d'Alene District Strike
    Federal troops bloodily quelled a strike among silver miners in Idaho.
  • Depression of 1893

    Depression of 1893
    It was a serious economic depression in the United States that was influenced by causes such as overspeculation, labor disorders, agricultural depression, etc.
  • Carey Act

    Carey Act
    The act distributed federal land to the States on the condition that it be irrigated and settled.
  • Cubans Revolt

    Cubans Revolt
    Spain misgoverned and oppressed the Cubans, so the Cubans revolted.
  • Utah Admitted to the Union

    Utah Admitted to the Union
    Utah was admitted after the Mormons banned polygamy.
  • Dingley Tariff Act

    Dingley Tariff Act
    The tariff raised the tariff to 46.5%, rates that were as high as the McKinley Act of 1890.
  • Maine Explosion

    Maine Explosion
    The Maine mysteriously blew up in Havana harbor. The American public, who was ready for war, believed that the Spanish government was at fault.
  • Teller Amendment

    Teller Amendment
    It stated that when the U.S. overthrew Spanish rule in Cuba, the U.S. would give Cubans their independence.
  • Dewey's Victory at Manila Bay

    Dewey's Victory at Manila Bay
    Assistant Secretary of the Navy Teddy Roosevelt cabled Commodore George Dewey in Hong Kong to attack Spain’s Philippines in the event of war. Dewey carried out his orders and defeated the Spanish fleet in Manila by the next day.
  • Hawaii Annexed

    Hawaii Annexed
    Congress annexed Hawaii and granted residents U.S. citizenship.
  • Gold Standard Act

    Gold Standard Act
    It provided that the paper currency be redeemed freely in gold.
  • Foraker Act

    Foraker Act
    The act gave Puerto Rico limited popular government.
  • McKinley’s Assassination

    McKinley’s Assassination
    McKinley was in office 6 more months before he was assassinated; Roosevelt assumes the presidency.
  • Supreme Court Insular Cases

    Supreme Court Insular Cases
    The Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution did not necessarily apply to newly acquired areas; people living in territories might be subject to American rule, but not American rights.
  • Platt Amendment

    Platt Amendment
    It was written into the constitution of Cuba by the U.S., and in effect, made Cuba a U.S. protectorate.
  • Newlands Act

    Newlands Act
    The act authorized the federal government to collect money from the sale of public lands in the dry western States and use the funds for irrigation projects.
  • Elkins Act

    Elkins Act
    Heavy fines could now be imposed both on the railroads that gave rebates and on the shippers that excepted them.
  • Lochner v. New York

    Lochner v. New York
    The Supreme Court invalidated a New York law establishing a 10-hour day for bakers.
  • Gentlemen’s Agreement

    Gentlemen’s Agreement
    Japan agreed to stop immigration to America by withholding passports.
  • Great White Fleet

    Great White Fleet
    Roosevelt orders the entire battleship fleet on a highly visible voyage around the world.
  • Oklahoma Admitted to the Union

    Oklahoma Admitted to the Union
    The Territory of Oklahoma was joined with the Indian territory and admitted to the Union as the State of Oklahoma.
  • Root-Takahira Agreement

    Root-Takahira Agreement
    It pledged both powers to respect each other’s territorial possessions in the Pacific and to uphold the Open Door in China.
  • Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire

     Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire
    Violations of fire codes (such as locked doors) caused 146 workers, most of them young immigrant women, to die.
  • Standard Oil Anti-Trust Case

    Standard Oil Anti-Trust Case
    The Supreme Court ordered the break up of the Standard Oil Company, which was judged to be in violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890.
  • Panama Canal Tolls Act

    Panama Canal Tolls Act
    This act exempted American shipping from tolls, but the British protested this act and it was repealed in 1914.
  • Children’s Bureau

    Children’s Bureau
    The Children's Bureau is a U.S. federal agency that works to improve efforts towards child abuse prevention, foster care, and adoption.
  • Sixteenth Amendment

    Sixteenth Amendment
    It allowed graduated (increasing by the amount of money you make) income tax.
  • Seventeenth Amendment Passed

    Seventeenth Amendment Passed
    It established the direct election of U.S. senators and was intended to eliminate corruption, give the people more of a voice, and improve the caliber of senators.
  • Underwood Tariff Act

    Underwood Tariff Act
    This tariff substantially reduced rates.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    This act was a response to the Panic of 1907 and concerns of business. It created the Federal Reserve Board.
  • Clayton Anti-Trust Act

    Clayton Anti-Trust Act
    It strengthened the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, exempted labor and agricultural organizations from antitrust prosecution, and legalized strikes and peaceful picketing.
  • Federal Trade Commission Act

    Federal Trade Commission Act
    It created a commission to investigate industries engaged in interstate commerce.
  • Eighteenth Amendment Ratified

    Eighteenth Amendment Ratified
    This amendment prohibited the manufacture, sale, transport, or consumption of alcohol.
  • American Legion Founded

    American Legion Founded
    Veterans were able to meet and share old stories, thus relieving some problems.
  • Volstead Act

    Volstead Act
    The Volstead Act defined alcoholic beverages and imposed criminal penalties for violations of the 18th Amendment.
  • Red Scare Begins

    Red Scare Begins
    Because of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, a period of fear of communists in America began.
  • Merchant Marine Act

    Merchant Marine Act
    This act authorized the Shipping Board, which controlled about 1,500 vessels, to dispose of much of the hastily built wartime fleet at low bargain prices.
  • Radio Broadcasting Begins

    Radio Broadcasting Begins
    The earliest radio programs reached only local audiences, but by the late 1920s, technological improvements made long-distance broadcasting possible.
  • Esch-Cummins Transportation Act

    Esch-Cummins Transportation Act
    This act encouraged private consolidation of the railroads and pledged the Interstate Commerce Commission to guarantee their profitability.
  • Capper-Volstead Act

    Capper-Volstead Act
    This act exempted farmers’ marketing cooperatives from antitrust prosecution.
  • Emergency Quota Act

    Emergency Quota Act
    This act restricted immigrants to 3% of the people of their nationality who had been living in the U.S. in 1910.
  • Sacco-Vanzetti Trial

    Sacco-Vanzetti Trial
    Sacco and Vanzetti were charged with murder and tried by a prejudice judge and jury.
  • Five-Power Naval Treaty

    Five-Power Naval Treaty
    Secretary Hughes submitted a plan for a 10-year pause on the construction of battleships and for scrapping some of them.
  • Fordney-McCumber Tariff

    Fordney-McCumber Tariff
    Duties on farm produce were increased to equalize American and foreign production, and tariff rates were increased from 27% to 38.5%.
  • Harding Dies

    Harding Dies
    President Harding dies of pneumonia and thrombosis on a speechmaking tour across the country.
  • Adkins v. Children's Hospital

    Adkins v. Children's Hospital
    The courts reversed its decision in Muller v. Oregon, which had declared women to be deserving of special protection in the workplace, and invalidated a minimum-wage law for women. Because of the 19th Amendment, women were the legal equals of men, and they could no longer be protected by special legislation.
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

    Teapot Dome Scandal
    This scandal involved naval oil reserves at Teapot Dome, Wyoming and Elk Hill, California. It lowered the prestige of the Washington government and undermined faith in the courts.
  • Immigration Act

    Immigration Act
    The immigration quota was cut from 3% to 2% and shifted to the census of 1890.
  • Scopes Trial

    Scopes Trial
    A high-school biology teacher, John T. Scopes, was indicted for teaching evolution in a Tennessee town that had made the teaching of the theory illegal.
  • Talking Motion Pictures

    Talking Motion Pictures
    The Jazz Singer, the first talking movie, was released starring Al Jolson.
  • Lindbergh's Flight

    Lindbergh's Flight
    Lindbergh was the first person to fly a solo flight across the Atlantic for a prize of $25,000. His plane, called the Spirit of St. Louis, went from New York to Paris in 33 hours and 39 minutes.
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact

    Kellogg-Briand Pact
    The provisions of this treaty included the peaceful settlement of all conflicts, the initiation of all wars being based on self-defense, and the renunciation of war.
  • Tydings-McDuffie Act

    Tydings-McDuffie Act
    This act gave independence to the Philippines after a 12-year period.
  • Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act

    Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act
    This act provided for the negotiation of tariff agreements between the United States and separate nations, particularly Latin American countries. It resulted in a reduction of duties.
  • Spanish Civil War Begins

    Spanish Civil War Begins
    Spanish rebels, headed by fascist General Francisco Franco, rebelled against the republican government.
  • Japan Invades China

    Japan Invades China
    Chinese and Japanese troops clashed at Marco Polo Bridge near Beijing while America remained neutral.
  • Panay Incident

    Panay Incident
    Japanese pilots sunk the Panay, an American gunboat. This could have provoked war, but Japan quickly made apologies and payments.
  • Period: to


  • Munich Conference

    Munich Conference
    The leaders of Britain and France met with Hitler in Munich, Germany. They appeased Germany – giving them the Sudetenland.
  • Nazi - Soviet Nonaggression Pact

    Nazi - Soviet Nonaggression Pact
    The Soviet Union signed a nonaggression pact with Hitler. This meant that Hitler did not have to worry about a second front with the Soviets while invading western Europe.
  • Neutrality Act of 1939

    Neutrality Act of 1939
    This act provided that European democracies might buy American war supplies, but only if they transported them after paying in cash.
  • Havana Conference

    Havana Conference
    America and 20 Latin American nations agreed to keep Germany out of the former colonies of the Netherlands, Denmark, and France.
  • War with Japan

    War with Japan
    Congress declared war on Japan after the attack at Pearl Harbor.