College History I Timeline

  • May 5, 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    Columbus sailed and found New World
  • Nov 10, 1494

    Treaty Of Tordesillas

    Treaty Of Tordesillas
    Spain claimed Columbus's discovery with the Treaty of Tordesillas, this divided Portugal
  • Period: Nov 14, 1513 to Jun 6, 1521

    Juan Ponce de Leon

    Juan Ponce de Leon explored Florida, he first thought it was an island, he was seeking gold
  • Mar 12, 1519

    Hernan Cortes

    Hernan Cortes
    Hernan Cortes went from Cuba with 16 horses and a couple hundred men on 11 ships to Mexico
  • Period: Dec 13, 1519 to Mar 20, 1522

    Ferdinand Magellan

    Ferdinand Magellan went from Spain with 5 ships, was killed in the Phillippines, then his remaining ship came back in 1522, completing the first circumnavigation of the globe
  • Jun 30, 1520


    The Aztecs attacked the Spanish, it was a frantic, bloody, retreat for the Spanish
  • Apr 19, 1521


    A smallpox epidemic wiped out the Valley of Mexico
  • Aug 13, 1521


    Cortes laid seige to Tenochtitlan and it was capitulated
  • Feb 24, 1532

    Francisco Pizarro

    Francisco Pizarro
    Francisco Pizarro crushed the Incas in Peru
  • Period: Nov 16, 1539 to Sep 20, 1542

    Hernand de Soto

    Hernando de Soto took 600 men on a gold-seeking expedition
  • Jun 25, 1542

    Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo

    Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo
    Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo explored the California coast but failed to discover anything interesting
  • Nov 17, 1558


    Because Protestant Elizabeth took the English throne, Protestanism became the main religion in England
  • Battle of Acoma

    Battle of Acoma
    The Battle of Acoma, the Spanish severed one foot of each survivor
  • England and Spain

    England and Spain
    England and Spain signed a treaty of peace
  • Jamestown

    English settlers got off their ship and called the place they sailed to Jamestown
  • Area of the Battle

    Area of the Battle
    Area of the Battle of Acoma was given to New Mexico
  • Ended the First Angelo-Powhatan War

    Ended the First Angelo-Powhatan War
    Pocahontas married John Rolfe which made peace and ended the First Angelo-Powhatan War
  • Cause of the Pope's Rebellion

    Cause of the Pope's Rebellion
    Missionaries effort to decrease native religous customs, angered the Indians which caused the Pope's Rebellion
  • Powhatan

    Powhatan people were extinct to the English
  • Settlements in Texas

    Settlements in Texas
    Spanish began to establish settlements in Texas
  • Period: to

    Great Awakening

    Great Awakening was going on which was a rousing religion revival
  • Georgia

    Georgia was formally founded, was the last of the 13 colonies
  • Johnathan Edwards

    Johnathan Edwards
    Johnathan Edwards's preaching style was learned and his doctrines reached a sympathetic reaction from his parishioners
  • Period: to

    Zenger trial

    Zenger trial, he was charged with seditious libel and was put into court
  • George Whitefield

    George Whitefield
    George Whitefield came into the picture with a different type of preaching style which helped spread the Great Awakening
  • The War of Jenkins's Ear

    The War of Jenkins's Ear
    The War of Jenkins's Ear broke out between the British and the Spaniards
  • South Carolina blacks

    South Carolina blacks
    South Carolina blacks along the Stono River revolted and tried to march to Spansih Florida
  • Princeton

    Princeton was founded in Princton, N.J.
  • Peace Treaty of 1748

    Peace Treaty of 1748
    Peace treaty of 1748 gave Louisbourg back to their French foe
  • Boston

    Boston had many homeless poor people, and had to wear a red P on their clothing.
  • University of Pennsylvania

    University of Pennsylvania
    Ben Franlin played a role in launching the University of Pennsylvania, which was the first American collge free from denominational control
  • Columbia

    Columbia was founded in New York, N.Y.
  • George Washington

    George Washington
    George Washington was sent to Ohio Valley as a lieutenant colonial in command of about 150 Virginia militiamen
  • General Braddock

    General Braddock
    General Braddock set out with 2,000 men to capture Fort Duquesne
  • British's full invasion

    British's full invasion
    British launched a full invasion of Canada
  • William Pitt becomes a leader

    William Pitt becomes a leader
    William Pitt became a foermost leader in the London government
  • William Pitt

    William Pitt
    William Pitt disparched a powerful expedition againist Louisbourg
  • New York exporting

    New York exporting
    New York was exporting 80,000 barreks of flour a year
  • The Battle of Quebec

    The Battle of Quebec
    The Battle of Quebec, is one of hte most significant engagements between British and Americans
  • anti slave trade measures

    anti slave trade measures
    Britian gets rid of South Carolina's anti slave trade measures
  • Montreal fell

    Montreal fell
    Montreal fell, French flag fluttered in Canada for the last time
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    Sugar Act passed, put a tax on sugar
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    Passed the Stamp Act, put a tax on any stamps
  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    Quartering Act, required certain colonies to provide food and quarters for British troops
  • Mob destroyed home

    Mob destroyed home
    A mob destroyed Massachusetts governor Thomas Hutchinson's home
  • Repeal Stamp Act

    Repeal Stamp Act
    Parliament repealed the Stamp Act but weren't happy about it
  • Suspended Legislature

    Suspended Legislature
    London governemtn suspended the legislature of New York for not following the Quartering Act
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    Townshend persuaded Parliament to pass the Townshend Acts
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    Boston Massacre, crowd of 60 townspeople went againist a squad of about 10 redcoats and shots were fired
  • House of Burgesses

    House of Burgesses
    Virignia created the House of Burgesses
  • British East India Company

    British East India Company
    British East India Compant faced bankruptcy because of unsold tea
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Boston Tea Party, Bostonians dressed as Indians then dumped British's tea into the harbor
  • Boston Port Act

    Boston Port Act
    Boston Port Act, closed the tea stained harbor until damages were paid
  • Quebec Act

    Quebec Act
    Quebec Act, French were allowed Catholic religion, got to keep customers and institutions and Quebec was extended southward
  • Period: to

    First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress delibertated for 7 weeks
  • Lexington and Concord

    Lexington and Concord
    British commander sent troops to Lexington and Concord
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    Second Contiental Congress met in Philadelphia
  • Bunker Hill

    Bunker Hill
    Colonists seized Bunker Hill, they manaced the enemy in Boston
  • Colonies in rebellion

    Colonies in rebellion
    King George III proclaimed the colonies in rebellion
  • Lord Dunmore issed a proclamation

    Lord Dunmore issed a proclamation
    Lord Dunmore issued a proclemation which promised freedom to any enslaved black in Virginia who joined the British army
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    Colonists fought almost the whole war before adopting the Articles of Confederation
  • Florida

    Spain claimed a large area north of the Gulf of Mexico, which included Florida, which was granted to the U.S. by the British
  • American commerce

    American commerce
    Spain closed the river to American commerce
  • Land Ordiance

    Land Ordiance
    Land Ordinance of 1785 was passed
  • Northwest Ordinance

    Northwest Ordinance
    Northwest Ordinance of 1787 was passed.
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    12 states' delegates met for the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia
  • Constitution

    Nine statesratified the new government under the Constitution
  • Washington

    Washington was drafted as president by the Electoral College in 1789
  • Washinton again

    Washinton again
    Washington took the oath of office
  • Bill Of Rights

    Bill Of Rights
    Bill of Rights were added to the Constitution
  • Jefferson

    Jefferson becomes president and defeats Adams
  • Judicary Act

    Judicary Act
    Judiciary Act of 1801, created 16 new federal judgeships
  • Naturalization Law

    Naturalization Law
    The Naturalization Law was created which reduced the requirement of residence from 14 to 5 years
  • Period: to

    Lewis and Clark expedition

    Jefferson sent Lewis and Clark on an expedition of the Louisiana Purchase
  • Embargo Act

    Embargo Act
    Embargo Act of 1807, forbid the export of all goods from the U.S.
  • Non-Intercourse Act

    Non-Intercourse Act
    Non-Intercourse Act was passed to replace the Embargo Act
  • Macon's Bill

    Macon's Bill
    Macon's Bill was passed, which reopened trade with all the world
  • Battle of Tippecanoe

    Battle of Tippecanoe
    Battle of Tippecanoe, William Harrison gathered an army and adavanced on Tecumseh's headquarters near Tippecanoe River
  • War of 1812

    War of 1812
    War of 1812, was disoragnized soldiers were also ill trained, but other nations found a new repsect for America after
  • Hartford Convention

    Hartford Convention
    Hartford Convention, people thought the complaints were petty and this put an end to the Federalist party.
  • Treaty of Ghent

    Treaty of Ghent
    Treaty of Ghent, which was an agreement to stop fighting with the British.
  • Andrew Jackson

    Andrew Jackson
    Andrew Jackson becomes hero at Battle of New Orleans.
  • Florida

    Florida is purchased by the United States.
  • James Monroe

    James Monroe
    James Monroe is elected president.
  • Mississippi

    Mississippi becomes a state.
  • Period: to

    Erie Canal

    Erie Canal is built.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Missouri was declared a slave state.
  • Denmark Vesey

    Denmark Vesey
    Denmark Vesey led another ill-fated rebellion in Charleston.
  • Election of 1824

    Election of 1824
    John Quincy Adams wins.
  • Tariff Act of 1824

    Tariff Act of 1824
    Tariff Act of 1824 was passed and was promoted by Henry Clay to protect American Industry.
  • John Quincy Adams

    John Quincy Adams
    John Quincy Adams becomes president.
  • American Railroad

    American Railroad
    First American railroad is completed in Quincy, Massachusetts.
  • Andrew Jackson

    Andrew Jackson
    Andrew Jackson is elected president and Calhoun is vice president.
  • Tariff Of Abominations

    Tariff Of Abominations
    Tariff of Abominations was passed, replaced the protective Tariff Act of 1824
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Was signed by President Jackson and granted authority to move Indians to Western lands.
  • Tariff of 1832

    Tariff of 1832
    Was adopted by Congress, was more moderate than the Tariff of 1828, but still leaves the South unsatisfied.
  • Tariff of 1833

    Tariff of 1833
    Compromise tariff written up by Henry Clay and it includes a gradual cutback in tariffs, which pleases the South.
  • Pet Banks

    Pet Banks
    "Pet banks" are established which means funds from the Bank of the United States are transferred to these 23 state banks.
  • Whig Party

    Whig Party
    The Whig Party is formed in response to Jackson's policies.
  • Martin Van Buren

    Martin Van Buren
    Martin Van Buren is elected President.
  • Specie Circular

    Specie Circular
    Specie Circularsays that only gold and silver be used to buy government land.
  • James K. Polk

    James K. Polk
    James K. Polk is elected president
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    California is now a free state
  • Gadsden Treaty

    Gadsden Treaty
    America and Mexico sign the Gadsden Treaty
  • Free Soilers

    Free Soilers
    The Free Soilers come about and ban slavery and blacks from Kansas
  • John Brown

    John Brown
    Five people supporting slavery are killing during a protest led by John Brown
  • Oregon

    Oregon is now recognized as a state
  • Lincoln

    Abraham Lincoln becomes president
  • South Carolina

    South Carolina
    South Carolina secedes
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Shots are fired at Fort Sumter and they surrender
  • First Battle Of Bull Run

    First Battle Of Bull Run
    Union loses the first battle of the Civil War
  • District Of Columbia

    District Of Columbia
    Slavery is abolished in the District Of Columbia
  • Second Battle Of Bull Run

    Second Battle Of Bull Run
    Union loses the Second Battle Of Bull Run
  • Battle Of Fredericksburg

    Battle Of Fredericksburg
    Union loses the Battle Of Frederickburg
  • Battle Of Gettysburg

    Battle Of Gettysburg
    The Battle Of Gettysburg was a major win for the Union
  • Battle at Chancellorville

    Battle at Chancellorville
    Union wins against the Confederates at the Battle of Chancellorville
  • William Sherman

    William Sherman
    Sherman marches through Georgia
  • Lincoln

    Lincoln is re elected for president
  • Lee

    Lee surrenders at Appomattox Courthouse
  • Assisination

    Lincoln gets assisinated by John Wilkes Booth
  • End Of Civil War

    End Of Civil War
    The rest of the Confederates surrender which ends the Civil War