College History 2

  • National Labor Union organized

    National Labor Union organized
    It excluded Chinese and made small efforts to include women and blacks. Worked for Arbitration of industrial disputes and 8-hour workday
  • Grant Defeats Seymour for presidency

    Grant Defeats Seymour for presidency
    Grant defeats seymour for presidency in the election.
  • Transcontinental railroad joined near Ogden, Utah

    Transcontinental railroad joined near Ogden, Utah
    The two railroad companies building it finally met.
  • Knights of Labor organized

    Knights of Labor organized
    Barred “nonproducers” professional gamblers, lawyers, bankers, and stockholders Campaigned for economic and social reform, including codes for safety and health as well as an 8-hour workdays
  • standard oil company organized

    standard oil company organized
    established by rockefeller. sought to eliminate the middlemen and squeeze out competitors. Flourished in an era of completely free enterprise
  • Credit Mobilier Scandel Exposed

    Credit Mobilier Scandel Exposed
    Some people created a fake company, the credit mobilier construction company. They hired themselves to build the railraod to inflate price.
  • Panic of 1873

    Panic of 1873
    people woried about the money situation because too much of it had been spent or loaned out.
  • Whiskey Ring Scandel

    Whiskey Ring Scandel
    To aid in the Civil War, liquor taxes were increased. People in government took money from the Whiskey excise tax revenue, including Grant’s secretary
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875

    Civil Rights Act of 1875
    guaranteed that everyone, regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude, was entitled to the same treatment in "public accommodations"
  • Resumption Act Passed

    Resumption Act Passed
    provided for the replacement of the Civil War fractional currency by silver coins
  • Bell Invents the telephone

    Bell Invents the telephone
    He taughed the deaf. created the phone for communications
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877
    Southern Democrats would acknowledge Hayes as President
  • Edison invents the electric light

    Edison invents the electric light
    Edison was considered dumb, but was very smart and invented a lot of things.
  • Garfield Assassinated

    Garfield Assassinated
    President Garfield suffered and died from a massive heart attack
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    Prohibited all Chinese immigration until 1943
  • Haymarket Square bombing

    Haymarket Square bombing
    Strike that was organized by the Knights of Labor. A dynamite bomb was thrown that killed 11 and injured over 100 people, including police
  • American Federation of Labor formed

    American Federation of Labor formed
    Created by Samuel Gompers. Consisted of a federation of self-governing national unions, each of which kept its independence. The AFL would unify its overall strategy and pool funds, enabling them to ride out prolonged strikes
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    Prohibited rebates and pools. Required the railroads to publish their rates openly. Forbade unfair discrimination against shippers. Outlawed charging more for a short haul than for a long one over the same line
  • McKinley Tariff Act

    McKinley Tariff Act
    Boosted rates to their highest peacetime level ever (48.4%)
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    Sherman Anti-Trust Act
    Declared every contract, combination, or conspiracy in which interstate trade was restricted to be illegal and Corporate monopolies were exposed to federal prosecution if found to conspire in restraining trade
  • Henry Demarest Lloyd

    Henry Demarest Lloyd
    Wealth Against Commonwealth – criticized the Standard Oil Company trust
  • Carey Act

    Carey Act
    Distributed federal land to the States on the condition that it be irrigated and settled
  • the Maine

    the Maine
    mysteriously blew up in Havana harbor, with a loss of 260 sailors
  • Surrender of Santiago

    Surrender of Santiago
    The spaniards left the harbor and tried to go home, but got caught in the american blockade. the spanish flet was destroyed and santiago surrendered
  • Congress Annexed Hawaii

    Congress Annexed Hawaii
    congress annexed Hawaii and granted residents u.s. ctizenship.
  • Teller Amendment

    Teller Amendment
    Promised that when the U.S. overthrew Spanish rule in Cuba, the U.S. would give Cubans their indpendence.
  • Foraker Act

    Foraker Act
    Gave Puerto Ricans a limited degree of self government.
  • Boxer Rebellion

    Boxer Rebellion
    a superpatriotic group known for heir training in martial arts:
    Murdered more than 200 foreigners and murdered thousands of chinese christians.
  • Platt Amendment

    Platt Amendment
    it was written into the constitution of cuba by the U.S. and in effect, made Cuba a U.S. protectorate.
  • Insular Cases

    Insular Cases
    addressed the question, "Did the Consitiution follow the flag?" meaning did the U.S. Constitution apply to the newly acquired areas.
  • Panama Canal Route

    Panama Canal Route
    Congress decided on the Panama route
  • Newlands Act

    Newlands Act
    Authorized the federal government to collect money from the sale of public lands in the dry western States and use the funds for irrigation projects
  • Elkins Act

     Elkins Act
    heavy fines could now be imposed both on the railroads that gave rebates and on the shippers that excepted them
  • Lochner v. New York

    Lochner v. New York
    The Supreme Court invalidated a New York law establishing a 10-hour day for bakers
  • Nobel Peace Prize

    Nobel Peace Prize
    Teddy Roosevelt recieved the peace prize
  • Meat Inspection Act

    Meat Inspection Act
    The preparation of meat shipped over State lines would be subject to federal inspection
  • Pure food and drug act

    Pure food and drug act
    Designed to prevent the mixing and mislabeling of foods and drugs
  • Panic of 1907

    Panic of 1907
    People “running” to banks to get out their money
    People committed suicide
    Criminal indictments against speculators
  • Root-Takahira Agreement

    Root-Takahira Agreement
    It pledged both powers to respect each other’s territorial possessions in the Pacific and to uphold the Open Door in China
  • Muller v. Oregon

    Muller v. Oregon
    Muller, a laundry owner, challenged the legality of the law, arguing that it violated the “liberty to contract.” He had asked an employee to remain after hours to do an extra load of laundry and was fined $10. Muller refused to pay the fine
  • Payne Aldrich Tariff

    Payne Aldrich Tariff
    increased the duty on print paper
  • Ballinger- Pinchot affair

    Ballinger- Pinchot affair
    a dispute between U.S. Forest Service Chief Gifford Pinchot and U.S. Secretary of the Interior Richard Achilles Ballinger
  • Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire

    Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire
    building caught on fire in new york city, leaving around 175 trapped inside to die.
  • Wilson v. Taft and Roosevelt

    Wilson v. Taft and Roosevelt
    Wilson defeats Taft and Roosevelt for presidency
  • 17th Amendment passed

    17th Amendment passed
    The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    There were to be at least eight, and no more than 12, private regional Federal reserve banks
  • Underwood Tariff Act

    Underwood Tariff Act
    re-imposed the federal income tax following the ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment and lowered basic tariff rates from 40% to 25%
  • 16th Amendment Passed

    16th Amendment Passed
    allows the Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on Census results.
  • Clayton Anti Trust Act

    Clayton Anti Trust Act
    added to the Sherman AntiTrust act. specified particular prohibited conduct, the three-level enforcement scheme, the exemptions, and the remedial measures
  • Federal Trade Commission established

    Federal Trade Commission established
    the promotion of consumer protection and the elimination and prevention of what regulators perceive to be harmfully anti-competitive business practices
  • World War 1 Begins

    World War 1 Begins
    involved all the world's great powers,[5] which were assembled in two opposing alliances
  • draft act

    draft act
    It required the registration of all males between the ages of 18 and 45, and did not allow for a man to purchase his exemption from the draft
  • Bolshevik Revolution

    Bolshevik Revolution
    communist Russia toppled the tsar regime. Russia pulled out of the "capitalist" war, freeing up thousands of Germans on the Russian front to fight the western front in France. Russia pulling out allowed the U.S. fight solidly for Democracy in the war.
  • Fourteen Points Address

    Fourteen Points Address
    idealistic in tone and primarily a peace program, had certain very practical uses as an instrument for propaganda
  • Espionage Act of 1917

    Espionage Act of 1917
    made spying illegal
  • Sedition Act of 1918

    Sedition Act of 1918
    can not say bad things about the government,
  • Schenck v. United States

    Schenck v. United States
    argued that freedom of speech could be revoked when such speech posed a danger to the nation
  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    prohibiting all alcoholic drinks
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    peace treaty forced upon Germany.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    giving all American women the right to vote
  • election of 1920

    election of 1920
    Harding's victory lead to the death of the League of Nations
  • red scare

    red scare
    resulted in a nationwide crusade against those whose Americanism was suspect
  • Ku Klux Klan (Knights of the Invisible Empire)

    Ku Klux Klan (Knights of the Invisible Empire)
    antiforeign, anti-Catholic, anti-black, anti-Jewish, antipacifist, anti-Communist, anti-internationalist, antievolutionist, antibootlegger, antigambling, antiadultery, and anti-birth control. It was pro-Anglo-Saxon, pro-"native" American, and pro-Protestant
  • Henry Ford

    Henry Ford
    (1920s) Henry Ford, father of the assembly line, created the Model T and erected an immense personal empire on the cornerstone of his mechanical genius
  • Sheppard-Towner Maternity Act of 1921

    Sheppard-Towner Maternity Act of 1921
    providing federally financed instruction in maternal and infant health care
  • Emergency Quota Act of 1921

    Emergency Quota Act of 1921
    restricting newcomers from Europe in any given year to a definite quota, which was at 3% of the people of their nationality
  • Alice Paul

    Alice Paul
    formed the National Women's Party in 1923 to campaign for an Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution.
  • Immigration Act of 1924

    Immigration Act of 1924
    replaced the Quota Act of 1921, cutting quotas for foreigners from 3% to 2%.
  • John T. Scopes

    John T. Scopes
    indicted in Tennessee for teaching evolution. was defended by Clarence Darrow, while former presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan prosecuted him. Scopes was found guilty and fined $100.
  • Charles A. Lindberg

    Charles A. Lindberg
    became the first man to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean
  • "Black Tuesday"

    "Black Tuesday"
    millions of stocks were sold in a panic. By the end of 1929, two months after the initial crash, stockholders had lost $40 billion. As a result of the crash, millions lost their jobs and thousands of banks closed.
  • Bank Holiday

    Bank Holiday
    closed banks to make sure they are stable to reopen. did not allow people to take out money for 5 days
  • Tydings-McDuffie Act

    Tydings-McDuffie Act
    Gave the Philippine's their indepencence.
  • Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act

    Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act
    establish a lower tariff for particular imports, it would act unilaterally, taking the foreign country’s tariff rate as fixed.
  • U.S. Neutrality Act of 1935

    U.S. Neutrality Act of 1935
    imposed a general embargo on trading in arms and war materials with all parties in a war
  • Wagner Act

    Wagner Act
    Legalized strikes and organizing
  • Social Security Act

    Social Security Act
    provided benefits to retirees and the unemployed
  • Works Project Administration

    Works Project Administration
    employing millions of unskilled workers to carry out public works projects
  • Neutrality Act of 1936

    Neutrality Act of 1936
    renewed the provisions of the 1935 act for another 14 months. It also forbade all loans or credits to belligerents.
  • Neutrality Act of 1937

    Neutrality Act of 1937
    the Congress passed a joint resolution outlawing the arms trade with Spain
  • Neutrality Act of 1939

    Neutrality Act of 1939
    was passed, allowing for arms trade with belligerent nations on a cash and carry basis, thus in effect ending the arms embargo