Civil war

Civil War

  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    Fugitive slaves were not entitled to trial by jury. Anyone helping a fugitive slave would be fined $1,000 and imprisoned up to 6 months.
  • Abolition

    Abolition
    The movement to abolish slavery, which became the most series of reform movement in America.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    During Monroe's presidency, the Missouri Compromise agreed to admit Maine as a free state and Missouri as a slave state. The rest of the Louisinana Territory will spil into two parts divided by the 36'30 North.
  • Santa Fe Trail

    Santa Fe Trail
    One of the busiest routes that stretched 780 mioes from independence, Missouri, to Santa Fe in the Mexican province of New Mexico. THis route was also used for trading.
  • San Felipe de Austin

    San Felipe de Austin
    San Felipe de Austin was buikt by Stephen F. Austin and was the main settlement of the colony in Texas. This was possible because of the land grants that Stephen's father received, which past down to him, from Spain to establish a colony between the Brazos and Colorado rivers.
  • The Liberator

    The Liberator
    Written by William Lloyd Garrison to deliver an uncommon promising demand: immediate emancipation (freedom).
  • Mexico abolishes slavery

    Mexico abolishes slavery
    Abolition of slavery in Mexico became a problem in Texas because Mexico insisted that Texans free their slaves.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion
    Turner and more than 50 followers attacked four plantations and killed about 60 whites. Whites eventually captured and eventually captured and executed many memebers of the group, including turner.
  • Stephen F. Austin goes to Jail

    Stephen F. Austin goes to Jail
    Austin was imprisoned fro inciting the revolution ion 1833.
  • Oregon Trail

    Oregon Trail
    Stretched from Independence, Missouri, to Oregon, Oregon City. It was first roamed by two Methodist missionaries, Marcus and Narcissa Whitman. They proved that wagons could travel on the Oregon trail driving their wagons as far as Fort Boise.
  • Teaxas Revolution

    Teaxas Revolution
    Rebellion in which Texas gained its independence from Mexico.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    Belief that the United States was ordained to expand to the Pacific Ocean and into Mexican and Native American territory.
  • Texas enters the United States

    Texas enters the United States
    Most Texans hoped that the U.S. would annex their republic; however, opinion were didvided. Southerners wanted Texas in order to extend slavery. Northerners feared the growing slave population would tip the uneasy balance in the Senate and prompt war with Mexico.
  • Mexican-American War

    Mexican-American War
    Because Texas gained its independence from Mexico in 1836, the United States declined to incorporate it into the union, largely because northern political interests were against the addition of a new slave state. Leading to U.S. war with Mexico.
  • The North Star

    The North Star
    Antislvery newspaper weritten by Fredrick Douglas. The title was named after the star that guided runaway slaves to freedom.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    Treaty ending the U.S. war with Mexico, in which Mexico ceded California and New Mexico to the United States.
  • Harriet Tubman

    Harriet Tubman
    A conductor of the underground railroads that decided to make a break for freedom. She made 19 trips back to the South and help about 3,000 slaves escape to freedom.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Senator Henry Clay introduced a series of resolutions on January 29, 1850, in an attempt to seek a compromise and avert a crisis between North and South. As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was amended and the slave trade in Washington, D.C., was abolished.
  • Underground Raiilroad

    Underground Raiilroad
    Created by free Arican Americans and white abolitionists. It was a secret network of people that would hide fugitive slaves.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe which stressed that slavery was not just a political contest, but also a great moral struggle.
  • Kansas-Nebtaska Act

    Kansas-Nebtaska Act
    The act of Congress in 1854 annulling the Missouri Compromise, providing for the organization of the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, and permitting these territories self-determination on the question of slavery.
  • Dread Scott v. Sandford

    Dread Scott v. Sandford
    Dred Scott appealed that living in a free state-- illinois and Free territory-- Wisconsin had made him a free man. Sureme Court ruled that Scott lacked any legal standing to sue in federal court becauyse he could never become a citizen.
  • Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Debates

    Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Debates
    Douglas was challenged by Lincoln to debate on the issue of slavery in territories. Neither wanted slavery, but still had opposing views. Douglas believed in popular sovereignity and Lincoln believed that slavery was immoral but did not expect individuals to give up slavery unless it was abolished by Congress with an amendment. Douglas won for Senate.
  • John Brown's Raid/Harpers Ferry

    John Brown's Raid/Harpers Ferry
    John Brown led 21 men, both black and white, into Harpers Ferry, Virginnia to seize the federral arsenals there and start a general slave uprising. No uprising occurred and troops shut down the rebellion.
  • Abraham Lincoln becomes President

    Abraham Lincoln becomes President
    Loncoln tried to appeal to both the North and the South. He pledged to halt a further spread of slavery, but also ressured Southerners tht a Rebublican administration would not "interfere with their slaves, or with them, about their slaves."
  • Formation of the Confederacy

    Formation of the Confederacy
    Confederacy is the Confederate states of America. A confederation was formed by the Southern states (Mississippi, S. Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Georgia) after their seccession from the union. They elected Jefferson Davis as their president.
  • Battle of Antietnam

    Battle of Antietnam
    Battle between Robert Lee and McClellan near Antietam creek led to 26,000 casualties. because McClellan did nothing to end the war, Licoln removed him from command.
  • Attack on Fort Sumter

    Attack on Fort Sumter
    Confederate soldiers began seizing federal forts including Fort Sumter which was located on an island in Charleston harbor. Lincoln decided to only send "food for hungry men." Confederate batteries thundered away to cheers of citizens on April 12 at 4:30 a.m. Led to struggle between North and South.
  • Battle of BUll Run

    Battle of BUll Run
    The first Bloodshed battle qbout three months after Fort Sumter battle. Union army was in lead, but confederates didnt give up because of their strong leadr, Stonewell Jackson.. Confederate forces helped sputh win victory.
  • Income tax

    Income tax
    Congress decided to help pay for the war by collecting the nation’s incom tax, a tax that takes a specified percentage of an individual’s income.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    An executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln freeing slaves in all regions behind Confederate lines.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Confederate soldiers led by A. P. Hill encountered
    several brigades of Union cavalry under the command of John Buford, an experienced officer from Illinois. Buford ordered his men to take defensive positions on the hills and ridges surrounding the town. When Hill’s troops marched toward the town from the west, Buford’s men were waiting. The shooting attracted more troops and both sides called for reinforcements.
  • Conscription

    Conscription
    A draft that forced men to serve in the army.
  • Battle at Vicksburg

    Battle at Vicksburg
    In May and June of 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's armies converged on Vicksburg, investing the city and entrapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. On July 4, Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    In November 1863, a ceremony was held to dedicate a cemetery in Gettysburg. There, President Lincoln spoke for a little more than two minutes. The speech helped the country to realize that it was not just a collection
    of individual states; it was one unified nation.
  • Sherman's march

    Sherman's march
    Grant’s overall strategy was to decimate Lee’s army in Virginia while Sherman raiSherman began his march southeast through Georgia to the sea, creating a wide path of destruction. His army burned almost every house in its path and destroyed livestock and railroads.
  • Surrender at Appomatox Courthouse

    Surrender at Appomatox Courthouse
    Lee and Grant met at a private home to arrange a Confederate surrender. At Lincoln’s request, the terms were generous. Grant paroled Lee’s soldiers and sent them home with their possessions and three days’ worth of rations. Officers were permitted to keep their side arms. Within a month all remaining Confederate resistance collapsed. resistance collapsed. After four long years, the Civil War was over
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
    John Wilkes Booth Assassinated Abraham Lincoln in the Forrd Theater. Being a supporter of slavery, Booth believed that Lincoln was determined to overthrow the Constitution and to destroy his beloved South.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    Thirteenth Amendment
    The U.S. Constitution now stated, “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States.”