Scott v. SanfordThe supreme court rules that people of African descent cannot be American citizens; therefore, cannot vote.
ReconstructionThe efforts to undo all the damage of slavery and the civil war.
-13-15th and 25th Amendment
-kept troops in the south to make sure they followed the 14th amendment
-started schools for former slaves
-black people were able to run for office
Jim Crow eraA time of segregation and racism. Segregation laws and laws that go around the 14th amendment to keep white supremacy were made.
Plessy v. Ferguson"Separate but equal" laws were established
A black man was arrested for going on a white-only train car. The black man lost because there was an equal train car for black people
19th AmendmentWomen get the right to vote
George Stinney caseHis rights were violated:
-all white jury
-no lawyer at questioning
-no witnesses at trial
-put to death as a minor
George Stinney was a 14 year old black boy who was accused of murdering two white girls. He was given the death penalty.
Brown v. BoardQuestioned the negative effects of segregation in schools. Brown wanted to go to a white school; Brown won the case. A step closer to getting rid of Jim Crow segregation laws.
Civil Rights ActGet rid of segregation Laws. The government says that if a state continues to segregate or discriminate then they will pull funding from that state.
Voting Rights ActNo more discriminatory voting laws. Says that a state that had these discriminatory voting laws had to get pre-clearance before adding a restriction to voting. pre-clearance= has to get an okay from the national government.
Shelby County v. HolderEliminated preclearance enforcement from the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Got rid of the pre-clearance rule