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Civil Rights Timeline

  • White Primary is Abolished in Georgia

    White Primary is Abolished in Georgia
    White prmary pictureThe White Primary did not let blacks vote in the Democratic elections in Georgia. Black were not allowed to vote or have any other rights until 1946. In 1946, the Georgia courts over turned the ruling against Primus E. King. Primus E. King was a black man who wanted to vote in Georgia, but was not allowed due to the color of his skin. So, in 1946 the White primary ended and 116,000 blacks registered.
  • Integration of the Armed Forces

    Integration of the Armed Forces
    The Integration of Armed Forces happened on July 28, 1948. This intergration allowed blacks to fight next to whites in the Armed Forces. The intergration happened because President Truman declared that blacks had the right to be intergrated into the United States Military. This intergration helped the military become even better then it was before the integration.
  • Brown vs Board of Education

    Brown vs Board of Education
    Brown vs Board of Education was a court case that allowed black children to go to school with white children. This court case said that the segragtion of black children in schools was against the fourteenth Amendent of the U.S. Constitution. Because of this ruling it stated that blacks had the right just like whites to go to the same schools and get the same education. This integration of blacks into schools happened on May 17, 1954.
  • The Murder of Emmett Till

    The Murder of Emmett Till
    The Murder of Emmett Till happened on August 28, 1955 in Money, Mississippi. Emmett Till who was black came into a grocery store in the town of Money to buy bubble gum. He forgot to put the money on the counter and instead put it into the white store clerks hand Carolyn Bryant. She said he grabbed her wrist and said bad things to her. He was murdered four days later by Roy Bryant and John M. Milan. His body was found in the Tallahatchie River and a bullet in his head.
  • Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
    The Montgomery Bus Boycott started because of the arrest of Rosa Parks and Claudette Colvin. These women did not give up their seats for whites on the bus. So, MLK Jr. and 42,000 other blacks boycotted the local bus system for 381 days. This caused the bus system and city a lot of money. The result was that on December 20, 1956 blacks had the right to sit where ever they would like on the bus. But, the boycott did lead to violence during the 381 days.
  • Change to Georgia's state flag

    Change to Georgia's state flag
    Change to Georgia's state flag took place on Feb. 13, 1956 when the General Assembly voted yes. The changes were that the stars were bigger and the star in the middle of the flag had to point up. This change happened because lawmakers opposed the integration of blacks into schools. They wanted to continue segreation of races.
  • Crisis at Central High School and the "Little Rock Nine"

    Crisis at Central High School and the "Little Rock Nine"
    The Crisis at Central High School happened do to the Brown Vs Board of Education of Topeka. The ruling stated that you could not segregate in schools. Little Rock became the place where nine black students would seek to attend an all white school. The students called the "Little Rock Nine" were Melba Patillo Beals, Elizabeth Eckford, Earnest Green, Gloria Ray Karlmark, Charlotte Walls Lanier, Dr. Terrence Roberts, Jefferson Thomas, MiniJean Brown, Thelma Mothersshad Weir. Only one graduated.
  • Hebrew Benevolent Congregation in ATL bombed

    Hebrew Benevolent Congregation in ATL bombed bombing of the Hebrew Benvevolent Jewish Congregation in Atlanta happened on October 12, 1958. The Jewish Temple was bombed and one person was hurt. The temple was targeted because they wanted blacks let go from there jobs in nigtclubs and all communist, blacks and Jewish groups will be bombed. The group responsible was called General Gordon of the Confederate Underground and they said those groups were considered aliens.
  • Sibley Commission

    Sibley Commission The Sibley Commission was created to stop segregation in United States schools and speciifically in Georgia ones. It allowed the people of Georgia to vote on whether or not to stop segregation in their schools. The Commission found that around sixty percent of th people polled still wanted segregation, but federal law would win eventually.
  • Integration of The University of Georgia

    Integration of The University of Georgia The District court of the United States said that Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes who were black students could attend the University of Georgia. The students are met with violence and told to stay away until the courts say it is safe. Then on January 16 these two black students attend the school.
  • Freedom Rides

    Freedom Rides The Freedom Rides took place on May 4, 1961 when the Nashville Student group who were black got on buses and went down south to try and get rid of the Jim Crow laws. They rode with white people and stopped along the way. They ended up being beaten and their bus was burned by white men.
  • Albany Movement

    Albany Movement The Albany Movement was in Albany, Georgia. It was led by the SNCC. Blacks decided to go and sit in an all white bus stateion. They were taken to jail and the Albany Movement started. The movement continued for several months and around five hundred people were arrested.
  • Birmingham, Alabama protests

    Birmingham, Alabama protests MLK Jr. went to Birmingham, Al. to stop descrimination of the black race. It is estimated that more than three thousand people were jailed along with MLK Jr. The police used dogs to attack the people protesting and also used fire hoses.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington The March on Washington was started by A. Philip Randolph. He was the president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and of the Negro American Labor Council. It was a peach march with Randolph and around 250,000 others. They wanted equal rights for jobs for blacks and to help extend their civil rights in the United States. The result was that it was a positive turning point in Civil Rights history. It ended up being a peaceful march.
  • 16th Srteet Baptist Church in Birmingham Bombed

    16th Srteet Baptist Church in Birmingham Bombed A bomb went off on September 15, 1963 at the 16th street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Al. The bomb caused the death of four kids and also caused fourteen injuries. This bombing happened because whites did not want to intergrate their churches. Blacks and whites bonded to try and end future tradegies like this one.
  • JFK assassinated

    JFK assassinated President JFK was the 35th President of the U.S. He was killed on November 23, 1963 supposly by Lee Harvey Oswald. JFK was killed in Dallas, Texas while travelling in his motorcade. He had a bullet wound to his head.
  • Civil Rights Act 1964 passed

    Civil Rights Act 1964 passed LBJ signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Act said you could not segregate in any public place. It made segregation illegal in that arena. The public places were the movies, resturarants, hotels, parks, schools, and libraries. The act also said you could not have discrimination anywhere in unions or jobs.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965 passed

    Voting Rights Act of 1965 passed MLK Jr., Rabbi Abraham Herchel and over four thousand Americans led a march to Mongomery, Al. This act led to blacks having voting rights like whites. Congress signed this act. LBJ is pictured shaking the hands of these famous Civil Rights icons.
  • Summerhill Race Riot (Atlanta)

    Summerhill Race Riot (Atlanta) The Summerhill Race Riot in Atlanta took place on September 6, 1966. It was a riot that lasted six days. This riot started because a black was shot twice by a policeman who was white. People who saw the shootings started to throw bottles and bricks at the police. Around one hundred thirty-eight people were jailed and thirty-five were hurt.
  • MLK Jr. assaination

    MLK Jr. assaination MLK Jr. was killed by James Earl Ray. He was convicted of the crime and got ninety-nine years in jail. The assaination happened in Memphis, Tennessee. at Lorraine Motel on a balcony. This event made Atlanta come together as a city who morned MLK Jr.'s death and they paid their respects.
  • All Georgia Schools integrated

    All Georgia Schools integrated There was about eighty-one Georgia school districits who did away with segregation in their schools by 1971. These districits did what the federal court order said and allowed blacks in their schools. This all happened because of the Brown vs Brown of Topeka court mandate from 1954 saying that schools could not discrimate based on color. There were very few protests by whites in Georgia to stop this integration in their schools.