Civil Rights Movement

  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Supreme Court decision: Separate is not equal. Schools must desegregate with all deliberate speed.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycotts

    Rosa Parks refused to move to the back of the bus. Black citizens of Montgomery boycotted the bus system. Organized Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr. and others.
  • The Clinton 12

    First school in the South to desegregate.
  • Birmingham Bombings

    African-American churches and businesses were bombed by anonymous "terrorists".
  • Little Rock, Central High

    First case of forced integration in the South.
  • Greensboro Sit-in

    African-American students protested segregated lunch counters by sitting down and refusing to leave. This protest was picked up by TV crews.
  • Escobedo v. Illinois

    Escobedo was accused of murder. Police questioned him, but refused to allow him to have a lawyer present. Supreme Court decided that this violated his 6th amendment right to counsel. Court must appoint legal cousel to all persons who cannot afford their own attorney.
  • March on Washington

    Civil Rights groups from around the country met in Washington DC to protest injustices in American society, specifically unequal access to jobs and education. Martin Luther King delivered the "I have a Dream" speech.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Passed to enforce the terms of the 14th Amendment. Ensured equal access to facilities in education and equal access to jobs.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Illegal for local and state jurisdictions to create unfair conditions at the polls. All people should be allowed to vote reagardless of race. The Federal government has a right to come in to places with a history of discrimination and enforce this law.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

    Fair Housing Opportunity Act. Ensured equal access to housing.