Civil rights movement

  • Period: to

    American Civil War

    The civil rights movement in the United States was a decades-long campaign by African Americans and their like-minded allies to end institutionalized racial discrimination, disenfranchisement and racial segregation in the United States.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. The amendment was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the required 27 of the then 36 states on December 6, 1865, and proclaimed on December 18.
  • Period: to

    Reconstruction

    The Reconstruction era, the period in American history that lasted from 1865 to 1877 following the American Civil War, marked a significant chapter in the history of civil rights in the United States.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    the Fourteenth Amendment granted citizenship to all persons "born or naturalized in the United States," including formerly enslaved people, and provided all citizens with “equal protection under the laws,”
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits the federal government and each state from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
  • Jim Crow Laws Started in South

    Jim Crow Laws Started in South
    Jim Crow laws were a collection of state and local statutes that legalized racial segregation. Named after a Black minstrel show character, the laws—which existed for about 100 years,
  • Arab-Israeli War Begins

  • Brown vs Board of Education

    Brown vs Board of Education
    Was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that U.S. state laws establishing racial segregation in public schools are unconstitutional, even if the segregated schools are otherwise equal in quality.
  • Rosa Parks Arrested

    Rosa Parks Arrested
    Rosa Parks an elderly brown women was arrested after refusing to give up her seat to a white person.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    The Montgomery bus boycott was a political and a social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock Nine
    The Little Rock Nine was a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. Their enrollment was followed by the Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Orval Faubus, the Governor of Arkansas
  • Chicano Mural Movement Begins

    Chicano Mural Movement Begins
    The Chicano mural movement began in the 1960s in Mexican-American barrios throughout the Southwest. Artists began using the walls of city buildings, housing projects, schools, and churches to depict Mexican-American culture.
  • George Wallace Blocks University of Alabama Entrance

  • Affirmative Action

  • Sam Walton opens first Walmart

  • The Feminine Mystique

  • March on Washington D.C

    March on Washington D.C
    The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, also known as the March on Washington or The Great March on Washington, was held in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963. The purpose of the march was to advocate for the civil and economic rights of African Americans
  • Civil rights of 1964

    Civil rights of 1964
    is a landmark civil rights and labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, and later sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • 24th Amendment

    24th Amendment
    The Twenty-fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
  • Israeli-Palestine Conflict Begins

  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Voting Rights Act of 1965
    The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits racial discrimination in voting.
  • United Farm Worker's California Delano Grape Strike

  • Thurgood Marshall Appointment to Supreme Court

  • Six Day War

    Six Day War
    also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 between Israel and Jordan, Syria, and Egypt. Relations between Israel and its neighbours were not normalised after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated

    Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated
    Martin Luther King Jr. was an African American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the American civil rights movement from 1955 until his assassination in 1968.
  • Malcom X Assassinated

    Malcom X Assassinated
    Malcolm X was an African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist who was a popular figure during the civil rights movement. He is best known for his time spent as a vocal spokesman for the Nation of Islam.
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

    Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent executive agency of the United States federal government tasked with environmental protection matters.
  • Policy of Détente Begins

    Policy of Détente Begins
    As a core element of the foreign policy of US President Richard Nixon, in an effort to avoid nuclear escalation. The Nixon administration promoted greater dialogue with the Soviet government, including regular summit meetings and negotiations over arms control and other bilateral agreements
  • Period: to

    Jimmy Carter

  • Title IX

  • Nixon Visits Communist China

    Nixon Visits Communist China
    Nixon's 1972 visit to the People's Republic of China was an important strategic and diplomatic overture that marked the culmination of the Nixon administration's resumption of harmonious relations between the United States and mainland China after years of diplomatic isolation
  • Watergate Scandal

  • Roe v. Wade

    Roe v. Wade
    Was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that the Constitution of the United States protects a pregnant woman's liberty to choose to have an abortion without excessive government restriction.
  • Engaged Species Act

  • OPEC Oil Embargo

    OPEC Oil Embargo
    was an event where the 12 countries that made up OPEC stopped selling oil to the United States
  • First Cell Phones

    First Cell Phones
    engineer Martin Cooper made the first-ever cell phone call on the DynaTAC 8000X
  • United States v. Nixon

    United States v. Nixon
    Was a landmark United States Supreme Court case that resulted in a unanimous decision against President Richard Nixon, ordering him to deliver tape recordings and other subpoenaed materials to a federal district court.
  • Ford Pardons Nixon

  • Ford Pardons Nixon

    Ford Pardons Nixon
    In a televised broadcast to the nation, Ford, who had succeeded to the presidency upon Nixon's resignation, explained that he felt the pardon was in the best interests of the country and that the Nixon family's situation was "a tragedy in which we all have played a part.
  • Period: to

    General Ford

  • Bill gates starts microsoft

  • National Rifle associate (NRA)

  • Steve Jobs Starts Apple

    Steve Jobs Starts Apple
    began working on the prototype of the Apple I. To generate the $1,350 in capital they used to start Apple, Steve Jobs sold his Volkswagen microbus, and Steve Wozniak sold his Hewlett-Packard calculator.
  • Community Reinvestment Act of 1977

  • Camp David Accords

    Camp David Accords
    were a pair of political agreements signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David,
  • Period: to

    Iran Hostage Crisis

  • Conservative Resurgence

  • Trickle down economics

  • Iran Contra Affair

    Iran Contra Affair
    popularized in Iran as the McFarlane affair, the Iran–Contra scandal, or simply Iran–Contra, was a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration.
  • War on Drugs

    War on Drugs
    is a phrase used to refer to a government-led initiative that aims to stop illegal drug use, distribution and trade by dramatically increasing prison sentences for both drug dealers and users. The movement started in the 1970s and is still evolving today.
  • AIDS Epidemic

  • Sandra Day O'Connor Appointed to U.S Supreme Court

  • Period: to

    Ronald Reafan

  • Marines in Lebanon

    Marines in Lebanon
    housing American and French service members of the Multinational Force in Lebanon, a military peacekeeping operation during the Lebanese Civil War.
  • The Oprah Winfrey Show First Airs

  • "Mr.Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall"

  • End of Cold War

    End of Cold War
    was a period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union and the United States and their respective allies
  • Berlin Wall Falls

    Berlin Wall Falls
    The fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989 was a pivotal event in world history which marked the falling of the Iron Curtain and the start of the fall of communism in Eastern and Central Europe.
  • Period: to

    George H. W Bush

    George Herbert Walker Bush was an American politician, diplomat and businessman who served as the 41st president of the United States
  • German Reunfication

    German Reunfication
    was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic became part of the Federal Republic of Germany to form the reunited nation of Germany.
  • Iraq Invades Kuwait

  • Period: to

    Persian Gulf War

    was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait arising from oil pricing and production disputes.
  • Soviet union collapse

    Soviet union collapse
    was the process of internal disintegration within the Soviet Union, which began with growing unrest in its various constituent republics developing into an incessant political and legislative conflict
  • Operation Desert Storm

  • NAFTA Founder

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal".