Civil rights movement

Civil Rights Movement

  • Executive Order 9981

    Executive Order 9981
    The executive order made by president Truman to de-segregate the millitary was key to blacks gaining their rights later down the road. This was largely due to the continued efforts of Phillp A. Randolph and the bravery of black troops in World War Two.
  • Brown v.s. Board of Education

    Brown v.s. Board of Education
    Her father went to Mckinley Burkett, the head of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and he asked him for help. With all of Browns complaints other black parents joined and in 1951 the NAACP requested a law that would no allow segregation in Topeka's public schools.
  • Thurgood Marshall

    Thurgood Marshall
    Thurgood Marshall was judge of the United States Supreme Court, the courts 96th judge and the 1st African American. Before being a judge Marshall was a lawyer, and was best known for his success in with arguing with the Supreme Court and his victory in the Brown v.s. Board of Education case.
  • Brown v.s. Board of Education

    Brown v.s. Board of Education
    In the 1950's segregation in schools was normal, all across america.All schools were supposed to be equal but msot black schools were not equivalent to white elementary schools.
    A black 3rd grader named Linda Brown that lived in Topeka, Kansas had to walk a mile to her black elementary school, meanwhile the white elementary school was only 7 blocksa away. When her father, Oliver Brown tried to enroll her in the white elementary school 7 blocks away, the school principal refused to accept her.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    Rosa Parks was an African American civil rights activist who was born on February 4, 1913. The congress used to call her " The first lady of civil rights." On December 1st, 1955 Rosa parks wouldnt give up her seat to a white man in the black section of the bus when the white section was filled. For not giving her seat away she was arrested. Along with the Montgomery Bus Boycott, Rosa parks not giving away her seat was considered important symbols of the Civil Rights Movement.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    Montgomery bus boycott- after the arrest of Rosa Parks the Women’s Political Council, which Rosa was a part of the council and decided to boycott the bus that day the movement quickly spread and on December 3, 1955 the movement became city wide. In 1956 December, 20 the movement ended with the city authorizing an ordinance allowing blacks to sit wherever they wanted on the bus.
  • SCLC

    The Southourn Christain Leadership Conference tried to join the black churches and communities together with famous civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King. Due to fear they had a hard time but they continued to persevere and led non-violent protests. They also had a significant impact on starting the famous March on Washington.
  • Student Sit-in

    Student Sit-in
    In Greensboro North Carolina four black college students sat at a white only counter and ordered food. They were denied but sat there until the store closed. The next day twenty more African Americans sat down at Woolsworth. Following that day sixty joined the sit-in. On the fourth day three-hundred African-Americans were apart of the sit-in. The peaceful protests quickly spread to other southern cities. On July 25th that same year the Woolsworth store was officially desegregated.
  • Freedom Riders

    Freedom Riders
    Freedom Riders were people who rode buses with the segregated black and white sections swapped they typically went from north to south wiith the more south they went the more protest they recieved even being attacked. This was another form of important peacefull protest.
  • Jackie Robinson

    Jackie Robinson
    JAckie Robinson broke the color battle in professional baseball by being the first black man to play in the major leagues. On Febraury 1st 1662 he made another imapcting first. He became the first African-American inducted into the Hall of Fame. He spent his entire career on the Brooklyn Dodgers and even won the World Series. Most of all Jackie inspired hope of equality in millions of Americans.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    On August 28th, 1963 more than 200,000 americans gathered around in Washington D.C. They all marched for jobs and freedom. The event was organized by civil rights activists. It was designed to show the political and social problems African Americans had to go through everyday. The march led up to the big speech "I have a dream" which was a call for racial justice, and equality for all.
  • Martin Luther King Jr.

    Martin Luther King Jr.
    Luther King Jr, was an activist and the leader of the African-American Civik Rights Movement. He is most known for his advancing civil rights for all, and equality for all. King led the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955, he also helped found the Southern Chrstian Leardership Conference (SCLC). "I have a dream" was a public speech delivered by King on August 28, 1963 to end racism i nthe United States. The speech was delivered to over 250,000 civil rights supporters.
  • Phillip A. Randolph

    Phillip A. Randolph
    A civil rights leader who thought that for blacks to be free than they must escape the economic deprivation. In 1941 he led a march on Washington demanding Jobs for Blacks in the national defense industry it was canceled as the government and the government agreed. On August 28th 1963 Randolph’s goal was realized with a march on Washington where Martin Luther King Jr. made his famous speech.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1864

    Civil Rights Act of 1864
    In 1964 congress passed a public law. This law forbade discrimination against different genders or races in hiring, firing or even promoting them for a job. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or immigration.

    the National Association for the Advancement of Color People was formed in the early 1900's and retained its status even today. The NAACP was key in the civil Rights movement as they took to the courts and won important cases like zBrown vs. Education, and passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which forbade the firing or discrimanating against a person due to their religion, sex, and race.
  • Malcolm X

    Malcolm X
    Malcolm X, born as Malcolm Little was born on May 19th 1925. He was an african american minister, and human rights activists. He was an outspoken voice of the. black musllim community. Malcolm Little changed his last name to "X" to show his rejection of his "slave" name. Malcolm became the leader of The Nation of Islam, and all muslims. Unfortunately on February 21, 1965 Malcolm X was assasinated in New York City, the FBI revealed he had 10 bullet wounds in his chest thigh, and ankle.
  • Black Panthers

    Black Panthers
    A black nationalism the Black Panthers formed in October 15 1966 the originazation ideals were based off of Malcolm X that blacks should attain their freedom by any means necessary including violence. They formed because they thought that Martin Luther King tactics of peace had not worked. During the Vietnam War Black Panthers where callled a need for a revoulutionary war. Membership faded as court scandals arose