Civil Rights Movemennt

  • Freedman's Bureau

    Freedman's Bureau
    -Acted as a kind of early welfare agency to provide aid for those at war.
  • Southern governments

    Southern governments
    -Became functioning parts of the Union
  • Assassination

    -John Wilks Booth shot Lincoln while watching a play and escaped through the back of the theatre
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    -Abolished slavery and involountary servitude
    -Firs of three reconstruction amendments
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    -Republicans were able to override Johnson's vetoes and pronounced all african americans as U.S. citizens
  • The Ku Klux Klan

    The Ku Klux Klan
    -Groups of southern whites
    -Organized secret societies to intimidate blacks and white reformers.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    -Adressed citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    -Secured the vote for African Americans
    -Prohibited any state from denying a citizens right to vote "on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    -Seperate but equal accomodations for whites and blacks
    -Jim Crow Lawes were adopted by southern states
    -They required segregated public places
  • Baseball

    -Urban game that demanded the teamwork needed for an industrial age
    -President William Howard Taft set the tradition of throwing out the first pitch
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    -Prohibited any U.S. citizen from being denied the right to vote on the basis of sex.
    -End of the women's rights movement
    -Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted it.
  • Committee of Civil Rights

    Committee of Civil Rights
    -President uses executie powers to establish the committee
    -Strengtheded the civil rights division of the justice department
    -ordered the end of racial discrimination in the departments of federal government.
  • Truman

    -Integrated the military
  • Brown vs. Board of Education

    Brown vs. Board of Education
    Picture-Segregation of black children in public schools was unconstitutional.
    -Violated 14th Amendments
  • Montgomery

    -Bus boycotts
    -Rosa Parks
  • Beatniks

    -Rebelious writers
    -Made up the beat generation
    -Advocated drugs
  • Greensboro, NC

    -Alot of sit-ins
    -students, non-violence
  • Eisenhower

    -Arab nations joined Venezuela to form the organization of petrollium exporting countries.
  • Mapp vs. Ohio

    Mapp vs. Ohio
    Illegally seized evidence cannot be used in court against the accused.
  • Gideon vs. Wainwright

    Gideon vs. Wainwright
    Required that state courts provide counsel (services of an attorney) for poor defendants.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    -led by MLK
    -largest and most successful demonstrations in U.S. history
    -highlight was i have a dream speech
  • Feminine Mystique

    -Book by Betty Friedan
    -Credited with sparking the begining the second wave of feminism in the U.S.
  • SNCC

    -Group of black college students
    -Refused to leave a woolsworth
  • 24th Amendment

    -Prohibited Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
  • Escobedo vs. Illinois

    Escobedo vs. Illinois
    required the police to inform an areested person of his or her right to remain silent
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964-1965

    -Made segregation illegal in all public facilities
    -Equal Employment Opportunity Comission to end racial dicscrimination in employment
    -Ended literacy tests and provided federal registrars in areas in which blacks were kept from voting.
  • Miranda vs. Arizona

    Miranda vs. Arizona
    Extended the ruling in Escobedo to include the right to a lawyer being present during questioning by the police.
  • NOW

    -National Organization for Women
    -Adopted the activists tacticts to secure equal treatment for women
  • Thurgood Marshall

    -First African American judge in the supreme court
  • ERA

    -Equal Rights Amendment
    -U.S. campaigned hard for its radification but missed acceptance.