Civil rights 1

Civil Rights in the United States by Brittany Leslie and Priscilla Pham

  • 13th Amendment

    In 1865, this amendment abolishes slavery and frees the slaves of America.
    The amendment affected all of the US and is incredibly important because slavery was no longer legal and supported by the government.
  • 14th Amendment

    This amendment gave blacks the right of citizenship in America. This affected the blacks because they are finally citizens and whites must understand this new change and deal with it. This is important because it is one of the most important provisions in the Constitution for defining and enforcing civil rights.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    This amendment prohibits each government in the United States from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude".
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    This case is a landmark United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal."
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    This prohibits any United States citizen to be denied the right to vote based on sex.
  • Executive Order of 1948

    Executive Order 9981 is an executive order issued on July 26, 1948 by U.S. President Harry S. Truman. It abolished racial segregation in the armed forces.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    -Declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional.
    -Stated that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
  • Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat

    Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat
    :Rosa Parks, a member of the NAACP(National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) refused to give up her seat on the Montgomery City bus for a white man. She was arrested and convicted of violating the Jim Crows law.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    • The Montgomery Improvement Association led by Martin Luther King Jr. led a boycott against the bus system in response to Rosa Park’s arrest, posing a serious economic threat to the company because African Americans made up 75% of the riders.
    • This was the beginning of a revolutionary era of non-violent mass protest for civil rights in the United States
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

    Civil Rights Act of 1957
    • September 9, 1957: Passed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, proposed by Attorney General Herbert Brownell.
    Ensured that all African Americans could exercise their right to vote. Aimed to increase the number of registered black voters and stated its support
  • 24th Amendment

    Prohibited any poll tax (a fee that citizens had to pay to vote in a national election) in elections for federal officials Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Civil Rights Act 1964

    Signed by John F. Kennedy
    Outlawed major forms of discrimination against African Americans and women, including racial segregation.
    Ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, workplace, and public facilities
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    • Signed by President Lyndon Johnson
    • Outlawed the discriminatory voting practices adopted in many southern states after civil war
    • Banned literacy tests as a prerequisite to voting
  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

    Civil Rights Act of 1968
    • A.k.a Indian Civil Rights Act or Fair Housing Act
    Signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson
    • Prohibited discrimination concerning the sale, rental, and financing of house base on race, religion, national origin