Civil Rights Acts

  • Period: to

    Harry S. Truman

  • Period: to

    Dwight D. Eisenhower

  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

    Only 20% of African Americans were registered to vote: past efforts to disenfranchise black voters such as literacy tests, poll taxes and grandfather clauses (untill ruled unconstitutional 1915)
  • Civil Rights Act of 1960

    Continued to enable African Americans to vote by increasing federal authority and responsibility.
    1) Established the inspection of registration polls by federal authorities
    2) Introduced penalties to those who obstruct someone voting or registering for the vote
    3) Filibustering diluted the Act- 125 hours in total
  • Period: to

    John F. Kennedy

  • Period: to

    Lyndon B. Johnson

  • Civil Rights Act 1964

    1) rendered descrimination on the basis of colour, race or religion illegal in all public places ( cinema, restaurant, schools), invalidating 'Jim Crow' Laws
    2) outlawed descrimination in employment
    3) greater federal power: attorney general could take action against violations
    4) Equal Employment Opportunities Commission
  • Voting Rights Act 1965

    1) Banned tests for voter registration
    2) Attorney General could supervise registration in areas where fewer than half the minority residents were registered. (First used in Selma two days later)
  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

    Fair Housing Act of 1968
    1) outlawed descrimination concerning rental, financing and sale of housing on the basis of race, religion, or national origin.
    2)Provided protection for civil rights workers