Civil Rights

  • Dred Scott v. Standford

    Dred Scott v. Standford
    Dred Scott case's significance was that it showed that a slave lived in a free state they are still not entitled to their freedoms. The court ruled that because Dred Scott was a slave he didn't even have the right to sue Missouri. The ultimate significance was that it solidified the divide between norther and southern states.
  • 13th amendment

    13th amendment
    The 13th amendment was ratified on December 6, 1865. This amendment Abolished slavery. It made unwilling servitude illegal in the United States and were ever they have jurisdiction. The significance was that this was the United States turning back from their dark past.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    One of the 3 amendments ratified with the end of slavery. This amendment granted citizenship to anyone born in the United states including slaves. This amendment is also know as the equal protection laws. The significance of this is that citizens of the United States have some more basic protections illustrated in the constitution.
  • 15th Amnedment

    15th Amnedment
    This amendment states that you can not be rejected to vote bases on race or previous servitude. This is basically giving former slaves the right to vote. but not women yet that comes a little later. The significance of this is that the United states elections can now be impacted by a lot more race diversity
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    In the case Plessy v. Ferguson, the basic importance was it said it was constitutional to segregate things. they made this decision under the separate but equal doctrine. this was later overturned saying that it was impossible to be separate and equal.
  • White Primaries

    White Primaries
    This was a law put in place in southern states saying that only white people could vote. this was deemed unconstitutional in 1923 by the Supreme Court. the significance of this is that is shows that even after the civil war America was still prejudice against colored people
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    This amendment is all about giving the rights to vote to women as well. its important to know that women before this time didnt really want the right to vote. once they wanted it they protested and it was given to them
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    This overturned the prior court ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson of separate but equal. The reasoning was that separate but equal was unconstitutional under the equal protection clause.
  • Poll Taxes

    Poll Taxes
    The poll tax was a set amount of money that everyone had to pay, not based on anything, to vote. this was abolished soon after in 1964. the significance of this was that i limited who could vote based on income and it funded many government agencies at the time.
  • 24th Amnedment

    24th Amnedment
    the 24th amendment to the constitution removed the poll tax for elections. So you don't have to pay a poll tax to vote on federal officials. The significance is that people that are more impoverished will be more likely and able to vote in elections.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits the discrimination of any persons on the base of race, religion, and sex. This is associated with hiring firing and pronating workers in the work place. The significance of this amendment was trying to create an equal work place.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Voting Rights Act of 1965
    This outlawed the discriminatory practices adopted by the southern states after the Civil war. these tests included literary tests and prerequisite tests. The significance of this act is that we are trying to make voting as equal and inclusive of our citizens as possible.
  • Reed v. Reed

    Reed v. Reed
    After the death of their adopted son, both Reed's sought to claim his land because they were separated. in Idaho Mr. Reed got the land. In the Supreme Court they ruled that it was unconstitutional to give dissimilar treatment of men and women.
  • Equal Rights Amnendemnt

    Equal Rights Amnendemnt
    This amendment was all about women's rights compared to men's. it proposed to give equal rights to the two genders on the case of property, divorce ect. was passed on March 22nd 1972
  • Affirmative Action

    Affirmative Action
    Affirmative action refers to a set of policies and practices within a government or organization seeking to increase the representation of particular groups based on their gender, race, sexuality, creed or nationality in areas in which they are underrepresented such as education and employment
  • Regents of the University of California v. Bakke

    Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
    The Supreme Court ruled that is was unconstitutional to have quotas for racial minorities. but it was stated that it was constitutional to use affirmative action to accept more racial minorities in some cases.
  • Bower v. Hardwick

    Bower v. Hardwick
    this case said that engaging in sexual acts with the same sex was not protected by the constitution. but this was overturned 17 years later.
  • Americans With Disabilities Act

    Americans With Disabilities Act
    this act prohibits discrimination of a person based on disability. this was a very important act that was proposed. it was ratified on July 26th 1990.
  • Lawrence v. Texas

    Lawrence v. Texas
    The Supreme Court ruled that it was okay to engage in sexual activities with a member of the same sex. this is protected by the constitution under the due process clause.
  • Obergefell v. Hodges

    Obergefell v. Hodges
    This was the case over same-sex marriage. in a 5-4 decision the Supreme Court ruled that we have the right to gay marriage under due process.