Civil Liberties

By khloe
  • Period: to

    Civil Rights

  • Slave Trade Banned

    Slave Trade Banned
    Congress banned slave trade
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    -when a state enters the union there must be one slave state and one free state
    -missouri wanted to enter as a slave state
    -would unbalance the powers between the free and slave states
    -compromise when a free state enters there must be a slave state, viceversa
    -began to make people question the practices of slavery and other discriminations
  • American Anti-Slavery Society

    American Anti-Slavery Society
    Garrison,newspaper editor founded the American Anti-Slavery Society (AASS)
    -he left later
  • Cady + Mott

    Cady + Mott
    -first women's rights convention
    -both genders attended
    -voting rights
    -equal oppotunities
    -moral codes
    -divorce rules (not good for women)
    -economic opportunities
    -educational opportunities (getting an upper education)
    The suffragettes conclude this as the 1st wave of feminism
    Everything was passed except voting rights
  • Garrison leaves

    Garrison leaves
    Garrison and Frederick Douglass left the American Anti-slavery Society when it refused to allow women to participate
  • First Woman's Rights Convention

    First Woman's Rights Convention
    300 men and women attended
    Seneca Falls, NY
    -attratced a lot of attention
    -called for a change of moral codes, etc
    (see Cady and Mott)
  • "Ain't I a woman"

    "Ain't I a woman"
    Akron, Ohio
    former slave, Sojourner Truth
    famous speech calling on women to recognize the plight of their black sisters
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    a novel depiciting the injustices of slavery
    -inflames the country
    sold more than 300,000 copies = to today's 4 million copies
    -prompted abe lincoln to call her the "little women, who started the big war"
  • Dredd Scott vs Sanford

    Dredd Scott vs Sanford
    -a black man tries to sue his "master"
    -the black man had run to a free state and his master came for him
    -the Supreme Court said he didn't have the right to sue
    slaves are not citizens, therefore they cannot sue
    reaffrims the belief that slaves are merly labour
    missouri Compromise is unconstitutional
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Lincoln granted all slaves captured by the North are freed
    aka slaves in the free states are freed
    -all slaves living in states in active rebellion against the US
    -only the slaves in confederacy
    13th, 14th, 15th amendments abolishes slavery which is the constitutional amendment civil war amendments
    14th -equal protection of laws
    -the most influential allows everyone due process
    -afforded the right to a trial
    15th -gives specifically the black men the right to vote
  • 13th amendment

    13th amendment
    -bans slavery fromt e USA
    -however the confederates countered with the Black Codes
    limited the freedoms and civil rights of black
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    -made black codes illegal
    -Andrew Johnson vetos this Act
    1st time an American President's veto is overriden by Congress!
    -gives permission for congress to interven upon black rights infringments-to interven upon the state
  • 15th amendment

    15th amendment
    guarantees the rights of citizens to vote regardless of race and color
    sex was NOT mentioned
  • Worst than before

    Worst than before
    after the ratification of the 14th amendment
    -women rights activist met to stop the suffrage of black men without the suffrage of women as well
  • 15th amendment

    15th amendment
    prompted many women to leave the abolitionists to support only women rights
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875

    Civil Rights Act of 1875
    granted balcks the equal acess to all public places
  • Civil Rights Cases

    Civil Rights Cases
    a group of five similar cases
    - discrimination against balcks in public places like theaters, retuarants etc are not state discriminations but private discriminations therefore Congress had no power
  • Dawes Act

    Dawes Act
    stimulate assimilation of Indians into American society
    took away native lands reduced from 140 million to 47 million...
    took away the children to baording schools
    rituals and native language BANNED
  • Plessy v Ferguson

    Plessy v Ferguson
    "seperate but equal"
    set the standard doctrine for most cases up until Brown v Bpard of Education
    A Louisiana statute required railroad companies to provide separate, but equal accommodations for its Black and White passengers. Plessy was prosecuted under the statute after he refused to leave the section of a train reserved for whites.
  • Muller v Oregon

    Muller v Oregon
    justifies both sex discrimination and usage of labor laws
    upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health
  • Mexican revolution

    Mexican revolution
    forces mexican to seek refuge and employment in US
  • New Mexica becomes a state

    New Mexica becomes a state
    becomes a state-official bilingual member of the union
  • Woman suffrage

    Woman suffrage
    coalition of women's group
    secure the ratification of the 19th amendment
  • Native Voting Rights

    Native Voting Rights
    Native Americans were given their voting rights in 1924
  • League of United Latin American Citizens

    League of United Latin American Citizens
    the group is formed
    the largest Latino right group

    NAACP created a seperate tax-exempt legal defense fund to bring equal eduucation to all african american children
  • Grapes of Wrath

    Grapes of Wrath
    John Steinback;s novel which draws attention to migrant workers
  • Korematsu v US

    Korematsu v US
    denied a man's civil rights based on race
    WWII Japs were stripped of their rights because they were believed to be a potential threat to national security
    the court sided with the government
  • Brown v Board of Education (1954)

    Brown v Board of Education (1954)
    establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutiona
    overturned the Plessy v Ferguson
    a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution
    paved the way for integration and the civil rights movement
  • Hernandez v Texas

    Hernandez v Texas
    decided that Mexican Americans and all other racial groups in the United States had equal protection under the 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution
    major vicotry
  • Brown v Education II (1955)

    Brown v Education II (1955)
    "with all deliberate speed"
    2nd trial following the 1st trial
    to better implement the desegregation of the schools
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    sat in front of the bus in the "white" part
    she started the voice of the bus boycott
    she refused to move for a white man in a segregated bus
  • a major step

    a major step
    the boycott won
    the supreme court ruled the bus segregation is unconstitutional
    ordered the buses to be desegregated
  • Cooper v Aaron

    Cooper v Aaron
    held that the states were bound by the Court's decisions, and could not choose to ignore them
    Little Rock School Board opposed desegregation however the school district didnt care and went along witht he desegregation
  • the 1st sit in

    the 1st sit in
    students at all-black NC Agricultural and Technical College participated at the first sit in
    sat at white only places and refused to leave
    -they were arrested
  • Hoyt v Florida

    Hoyt v Florida
    appeal by Gwendolyn Hoyt (klled her husband)
    she claimed an all male jury led to her unfair circumstances in court
    held that the Florida statute for jury selection was not discriminatory
    she was charged wih 2nd degree murder...
  • JFK asks Congress

    JFK asks Congress
    JFK asks Congress to ban discrimination in public accomidations after witnessing the Birmingham Civil Rights Demonstration
  • Equal Pay Act

    Equal Pay Act
    requires employer to pay both genders the same wages
  • Assasination

    JFK is assasinated in Dallas, Texas
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    anti-discrimination legislation
    outlawed arbitary discrimination in voter registration and expediated coting right lawsuits
    barrd discrimination in public accomidations engaged in interstate commerce
    authorized the department of Justice to initiate lawsuits to desegregate public facilities ad schools
    provided for the withholding of federal funds from discriiminatory state and local programs
    prohibited discrimination in emplymnt on grounds of race, creed, color, religion, national origin, se
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Voting Rights Act of 1965
    -discrimination in employment
    -public accomidations
    -education based on race, creed, color, religion, national origin, or sec
  • National Organization for Women

    National Organization for Women
    National Organization for Women (NOW) is formed after the failure to pass the Equal Employment Opportunity Comission,
    modeled closely to the NAACP
  • NARF

    The Native American Rights Fund
    -became the core of the Native american rights movement
  • Swann v Charlotte-Mecklenburg School District

    Swann v Charlotte-Mecklenburg School District
    the busing of students to promote integration in public schools
    promote equality by bussing children in zones
  • Reed v Reed

    Reed v Reed
    administrators of estates cannot be named in a way that discriminates between sexes
    the son dies and leaves an estate to the parents whom are sperated, and of course the fight for the custody of the estate...
  • Title IX

    Title IX
    "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance..."
  • Roe v Wade

    Roe v Wade
    Court decided that a right to privacy under the due process clause in the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution extends to a woman's decision to have an abortion,
  • San Antonio Independent School District v rodriguez

    San Antonio Independent School District v rodriguez
    MALDEF fails to convince the court to distribute funds among school districts evenly
  • Craig v Boren

    Craig v Boren
    The Court carved out a new test to test against sex discrimination
  • University of California v Bakke

    University of California v Bakke
    discrimination against a white male
    affirmitive action
  • ADA

    American Disabilities Act was passed
  • de jure discrimination indeed

    de jure discrimination indeed
    de jure discrimination
    supreme court ruled that an all black school is allowed as long as it is not a result of school board's actions
  • Romer v Evans

    Romer v Evans
    denied homosexuals the right to sekk protection under the 14th amendment
  • Lawrence v Texas

    Lawrence v Texas
    put homosexual rights on the agenda
    they have the right to conduct however they want without the intervention of the US goernment
  • Lulac v perry

    Lulac v perry
    Texas's redistricting plan does not intentionaly limit Latino representation