China's Dynasties

Timeline created by makayladlear
  • -403 BCE

    Warring States Period Began

    Warring States Period Began
  • -221 BCE

    Great Wall Completed

    Great Wall Completed
    The Great Wall of China was completed.
  • 9

    End of the Former Han Dynasty

    End of the Former Han Dynasty
  • 100

    Development of Porcelain

    Development of Porcelain
  • 589

    China is Reunified

    China is Reunified
    Wendi established the "Three Department" system, which worked with the Six Ministries: Personnel, Revenue, Rites, War, Justice, and Public Works.
  • 605

    Yangdi Began Building the Grand Canal

    Yangdi Began Building the Grand Canal
    Runs from the Luoyang River to the Huai River, then from the Jiangdu on the Yangtze River.
  • 635

    Taizong allowed Christians into China.

    Taizong allowed Christians into China.
    Taizong welcomed Nestorian Christians and let a church be built.
  • 1215

    The Mongols Captured Beijing

    The Mongols Captured Beijing
    The Mongols had been at war with the Jin and Chinese residents for awhile during this era.
  • 1315

    The Mongols Rebuilt the Grand Canal to Extend to Beijing

    The Mongols Rebuilt the Grand Canal to Extend to Beijing
    The civil service examination was also re-established, but it required that half the degrees be given to Mongols and other non-Chinese applicants, regardless of their competency.
  • 1368

    Taizu Gained Control of Beijing

    Taizu Gained Control of Beijing
    The Ming dynasty was never able to defeat the Mongols, so their rule was never fully expanded. It was an ordinary dynasty that favored the common man (poor over the rich).
  • The Qing Dynasty was Overthrown by Revolutionaries

    The Qing Dynasty was Overthrown by Revolutionaries
    It was the end of the Chinese dynasties.
  • Period:
    1,766 BCE
    to
    1,111 BCE

    Shang Dynasty

    Validated their rule through the mandate of heaven that was bestowed upon them after the Xia dynasty (which was probably fictional, being made up by the Shang)
  • Period:
    1,111 BCE
    to
    -221 BCE

    Zhou Dynasty

    Like the Shang, the Zhou also claimed a mandate from heaven to rule. They also promoted unity through a single spoken language, Chinese Mandarin, which is spoken still today. Confucius also wrote his philosophies during this dynasty, which laid the foundation for Confucianism.
  • Period:
    -221 BCE
    to
    -206 BCE

    Qin Dynasty

    Qin Shi Huangdi ruled this dynasty, and did so with an iron fist. He was a brutal ruler, but an effective control led to a good army and the construction of the Great Wall of China. This dynasty also made Chinese writing uniform, and thus completed the basis for a single language in China.
  • Period:
    -206 BCE
    to
    221

    Han Dynasty

    The state bureaucracy workings improved, and formal training for Confucianism was introduced. Emperor Wudi supported Confucianism, and encouraged others to do the same.
  • Period:
    217
    to
    419

    Era of Division, Southern Dynasties, Eastern Chin

  • Period:
    219
    to
    316

    Era of Divisions, Southern Dynasties, Western Chin

  • Period:
    386
    to
    532

    Era of Division, Northern Dynasties, Northern Wei

  • Period:
    535
    to
    554

    Era of Division, Northern Dynasties, Western Wei

  • Period:
    581
    to
    618

    Sui Dynasties

    China is reunified. Construction on the Grand Canal begins and is completed, and is then used for the transportation of goods (agricultural and trade).
  • Period:
    618
    to
    906

    Tang Dynasty

    Buddhism became more popular, and the only female empress, Empress Wu, came to power during this dynasty.
  • Period:
    907
    to
    960

    Five Dynasties

  • Period:
    907
    to
    1128

    Liao Dynasty

  • Period:
    960
    to
    1279

    Song Dynasty

    It was more well-known for its defense policies rather than territorial expansion. Mongol invaders presented a constant threat to the Chinese rule.
  • Period:
    1260
    to
    1368

    Yuan Dynasty

    The Mongols ruled China during this time. Even though they lived amongst Chinese culture, they retained their own language. Marco Polo travelled through China during this dynasty as well.
  • Period:
    1368
    to

    Ming Dynasty

    The Chinese were never able to fully liberate themselves from the Mongols. The emperor that had the most influence on this dynasty, Taizu, favored the common (peasants).
  • Period: to

    Qing Dynasty

    This is the last Chinese dynasty before doing away with the classical system. China interacted with the world a lot more.