Chapter 18: The Age of Reform

  • Child Labor is Prohibited

    Child Labor is Prohibited
    Florence Kelley worked very hard along with other progressives and labor union activists. They worked for new laws that would prohibit child labor and for laws that would improve conditions for female workers. In 1893, Kelley persuaded the Illinois legislature to outlaw child labor and limit the number of hours women could work.
  • The AFL was Founded

    The AFL was Founded
    The American Federation of Labor was founded in 1900 and was lead by Samuel Gompers. Samuel Gompers used the ssame organizational structure as trusts when it came to thus federation. The AFL had many workers but it did not accept unskilled workers.
  • International Ladie's Garment Workers Union

    International Ladie's Garment Workers Union
    The ILGWU was a part of the AFL workers union and it was founded in 1900. The union sought out to organize workers employed in sewing shops. Most of these workers were Jewish and Italian immigrant women.
  • Publication of "Tweed Days in St. Louis"

    Publication of "Tweed Days in St. Louis"
    McClure's first publication of "Tweed Days in St. Louis" was in October of 1902. Lincoln Steffens and Claude Wetmore were journalists published the articles and sparked the beginning of this style of journalism. The article was famous for showing the corrupt political machine in St. Louis, comparing it to Boss Tweed's control of New York City.
  • Industrial Workers of the World was founded

    Industrial Workers of the World was founded
    The IWW was a new union founed in 1905. The union opposed capitalism. The union was lead by William "Big Bill" Haywood and he strongly supported the working class. Members included women and African Americans, Asian Americans, abd Hispanic Americans.
  • Redesigning of Chicago

    Redesigning of Chicago
    Daniel Burnham in 1909 came up eith a plan to redesign Chicago. It was the first real plan to redesign a U.S. city. Burnham hoped that the new city would inspire the residents to be good citizens.
  • The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire

    The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
    As the workers of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory were finishing up their shifts, a fire errupted on the in a rag bin on the 8th floor of the factory. The whole factory was soon up in flames and escape seemed impossible. More than 140 young imployees died in the fire and this tragic insident sparked a reform for enforced fire-safety codes.
  • 1912 Progressive Party Convention

    1912 Progressive Party Convention
    During the 1912 Progressive Party Convention women participated in the coversation. The Progresive Party supported woman's sufferage and an end to child labor, so it was a topic that many woman were passionate about. It was not strange for the woman to participate inthe convention because the topic directly related to them.
  • Strike of 1912

    Strike of 1912
    The Wobbies, or members of the IWW, boycotted, striked, and sabotaged large industries. In 1912, 10,000 workers striked against the textile mills of Lawrence, Massachusetts to protest wage cuts. After a tough and publicized two months, the mill owners gave in.
  • Eighteenth Amendment

    Eighteenth Amendment
    Congress proposed this amendment to restrain the making and selling of alcoholic beverages. It was ratified in 1919. It was repealed in 1933 though because bot popular among U.S. citizens and it was difficult to enforce.