Causes of the civil war

Timeline created by makenzie17
In History
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Missouri wanted to be admitted to the U.S as a slave state which would throw off the balance of slave to free states, and the north and south wanted equal representation for free and slave states so when the balance was about to be throw off a compromise must be made. The compromise became Maine being admitted as a free state and Missouri as a slave state, then slavery was to be excluded from the Louisiana Purchase lands north of latitude 36°30′.
  • Wilmot Proviso

    Wilmot Proviso
    northerners feared that additional slave state would offset the balance of slave to free states so Wilmot proposed the Wilmot Proviso amendment to ban slavery in all Mexican Cession territories to prevent further dispute between the north and the south.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Many people wanted to have slavery in the Mexican territory but others did not. So, congress made a series of laws stating that California was a free state, Utah and Mexico could be decided using popular sovereignty, ending the slave trade in Washington D.C, and making slave catching easier than ever.
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    If slaves escaped their owners they used to be able to go to the north then be free. But when the acts were created it made it so slave owners were allowed to capture and return runaway slaves within the territory of the United States. Many slaves ran away to Canada to seek refuge. The act were also made so slavery was more prominent in the north and to balance out the Compromise of 1850.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote the novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin to show the hardships of slavery and why it should be banned. Many people believed her novel was propaganda and refused to believe that's what slavery was actually like. the propaganda happened in the north. The novel had a major effect on people's view of slavery.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act/Bleeding Kansas

    Kansas Nebraska Act/Bleeding Kansas
    The Kansas Nebraska Act was a bill that mandated popular sovereignty within new states borders. It let people decide themselves if they wanted slavery within the borders. Bleeding Kansas was the fight between the people of free and slave states to decide whether or not Kansas was free or not. As soon as the word got out about popular sovereignty in Kansas people from free and slave states rushed to Kansas to claim the state as either free or slave.
  • John Browns Raid

    John Browns Raid
    Brown grew up to be an antislavery man, so when the time came for him to act he did. He rounded up his sons and 22 slaves and raided harpers ferry. Ten of his men were killed, including two of his sons. Brown was then caught and executed on Dec 2, 1859. Because of this, many’s people’s view on slavery was changed.
  • Dred Scott Case

    Dred Scott Case
    Dred Scott was a slave that lived in a free state with his owner and was returning to the slave state of Missouri. He argued that since he used to live in a free state made him entitled him to emancipation. The court decided that no black free or slave could gain citizenship. Many abolitionists were outraged about this. It was the start of a major argument about slavery in the Americas.
  • Lincoln Douglas Debate

    Lincoln Douglas Debate
    Lincoln and Douglas debated why they were the best candidates and about other political issues. The issues touched on deeper aspects of slavery and influenced political discourse. This was happening all over the country. It impacted many people’s decisions on who should be president.
  • Lincoln’s election

    Lincoln’s election
    The election of 1860 was between 4 people. There was a Republican Party, Southern Democratic, Constitutional Union, and Democratic party. Both Democratic Parties were torn because one wanted slavery and the other wanted free states. Southern Democrats thought slavery should be expanded but Northern Democrats opposed the idea. In the end Lincoln won the overall election to become President but lost the senate votes.
  • Southern Secession

    Southern Secession
    Many of the southern states were angry that Lincoln was elected because that meant the end of slavery. So the southern states started to secede. South Carolina was the first to secede in 1860 then 7 other southern states seceded. They formed what was called the Confederate States of America. They elected Jefferson Davis as their president. Congress tried to adopt a amendment so that slavery would still be aloud in the south but ⅔ of congress didn't approve