Buchanan - 1800-1876

  • Marbury v. Madison

    By establishing the Court's right to declare acts of Congress illegal, a landmark Supreme Court decision dramatically enhances the Court's power.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    The United States and France agree to pay $15 million for the Louisiana Territory, which stretches west from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and covers approximately 830,000 square miles. As a result, the United States' GDP practically doubled.
  • Lewis and Clark

    Lewis and Clark set out on an expedition from St. Louis, Missouri, to explore the West and find a way to the Pacific Ocean.
  • War of 1812

    The United States declares war on the United Kingdom for interfering with American marine shipping and westward expansion.
  • Star Spangled Banner written

    As he watches the British onslaught on Fort McHenry in Baltimore, Francis Scott Key creates the Star-Spangled Banner.
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland: A landmark Supreme Court decision maintains Congress's right to establish a national bank, a power that the Constitution implies but does not expressly grant.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Maine (previously part of Massachusetts) is admitted as a free state so that Missouri can be admitted as a slave state; slavery is outlawed in the Louisiana Purchase territory north of latitude 3630' except for Missouri.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    President Monroe declares the American continents off-limits to further colonization by European nations in his yearly speech to Congress.