Britain at the Turn of the 20th Century

  • In 1840s Princess Victoria and her consort prince lbert embarked on a mission

    The monarchy had become a byword for corruption and immorality
  • 1863 Prince of Wales married his fun-loving Danish bride

  • 1869 the Prince of Wales began a flirtation with the twenty-one year old lady Harriet Mordant

    Harriet Mordant wife of a prominent member of parliament
  • 1869 Harriet’s husband went on a fishing trip to Norway

    Bertie took the opportunity to enjoy Harriet company at her country residence. Sir Charles was furious and vowed to divorce her
  • 1870 the prince deny any impropriety with lady Mordant

    A courtroom heard the prince deny any impropriety with lady mordant but the damage to the prince and the crown’s reputation had been done
  • In January 1901

    Britain and the empire mourned the passing of an era, people were worried about the kind of king. Nobody thought that Bertie was going to be a good king
  • 21st of January 1901

    Bertie followed the late Queen’s funeral cortege
  • King George the third

    On the 9th of august 1902 the one-time prodigal prince was crowned King Edward the seventh in a dazzling display of pomp and pageantry
  • The Novel 1902

    The novel of the twentieth century had more personal, individuals themes. But at the same time as the novel examines the problems of individual, it becomes an examination of the whole world
  • The king's passion

    The king’s passion for beautiful women would even prove the key to his greatest political triumph
  • 1903 The king set out on a mission of diplomacy

    In May the king set out on a mission of diplomacy to one of the favorite haunts of his youth, Paris
  • Theatre and Drama

  • In 1910 the king died

    The king suffered a series of heart attacks. He died just before midnight on the 10th of May 1910
  • 1914 The first World War

    Germany nearly defeated the Allies, Brirain and
    France, in the first few weeks of war.
  • German submarines

    From 1915 German submarines started to sink merch ant ships bringing supplies to Britain
  • 1917 the British were able to drive back th e Turks.

    In th e Middle East the British fought against
    Turkish troops in Iraq and in Palestine, and at
    Gallipoli, on th e Dardanelles.
  • 1917 Russia made peace with Germany

    When Russia made peace with Germany, the German generals hoped for victory against the Allies.
  • The arrival of American troopd

    The arrival of American troops in France
    ended Germany's hop es, and it surrendered in
    November 1918.
  • 1918 The rise of the Labour Party

    For the first time , all men aged twenty-one
    and some women ove r thirty were allowed to vote .
  • 1918 The rights of women

    Some women over the age of thirty gained the right to vote after a long, hard struggle
  • Poetry

  • France and Britain met to discuss peace

    France and Britain met to discuss peace at Versailles in 1919. Germany was not invited to th e conference, but was forced to
    accept its puni shment, which was extremely severe.
  • Hungry men in Britain

    In cities and towns all over Britain hungry men wandered the streets looking for work but the job had gone
  • Bertie who'd married

    Bertie who’d married that lovely Elizabeth bowes-lyon
  • Liberal Party almost completely disappeared

    The LiberalParty almost completely disappeared. Liberals with
    traditional capitalist ideas on the economy joined the Conservative Party , while most Liberal "reformers" joined the Labour Party.
  • First-ever labour government

    When Britain elected its first-ever labour government George was appalled at the prospect of meeting the new Prime Minister Ramsay McDonald
  • Mechanized age

    In the new mechanized age the unchallenged star was the master speed of wheels Malcolm Campbell here with his famous racing car Bluebird
  • Keen George had been suffering fever

    A royal car left the palace bearing an invalid King George he’d been suffering from fever
  • Disappointment and depression

    All over Europe and America a serious economic crisis, known as lithe depression", was taking place. It affected Britain most severely from 1930 to 1933, when over three million workers were unemployed.
  • Mahatma Gandhi

    Mahatma Gandhi leader of the independence movement would enrage the king
  • Charlie Chaplin

    Charlie Chaplin who’d gone to America and become a famous film star was back in London
  • Racial hate

    A new and terribly sinister force had stepped into the power vacuum.
  • Familiar Royal Route

    1935 George V and his beloved Queen Mary are following a familiar royal route. They are celebrating that thanks to the wonders of modern technology it’s the first time that a King and Queen have been filmed in color
  • King George and Queen Mary a quarter of a century on the throne

  • Adolf Hitler

    It was clear th at Germany, under its new leader Adolf Hitler, was preparing toregain its position in Europe.
  • George had died at Sandringham

  • Ireland

    Fianna Fail, which won the election of 1932 and th e new Prime Minister, Eamon de Valeta, began to undo th e Treaty and in
    1937 declared southern Ireland a republic.
  • British industry was producinf for war

    British industry was producing
    weapons, aircraft and equipment for war, with the
    help of mone y from the Un ited States
  • Germany invaded Poland

    Germany invaded Poland, and Britain entered the war. They were fighting for the weaker nations of Europe, and for democracy. They had also heard about the cruelty of the Nazis from Jews who had escaped to Britain.
  • German army attacked

    It attacked, defeating the French in a few days, and driving the British army into the sea.
  • Germany finally surrendered.

    In order to save further casualties among their own troops, Britain and the United States then used the ir bombing power to
    defeat Japan