B7: From Apartheid to Freedom

  • The National Afrikaner Party

    The National Afrikaner Party
    The National Party
    The National Party was founded in 1914. The party was created to support apartheid. General J.M.B Hetzog was the founder of the party. Dr. Hendric Verwood wrote while Prime Minister, "There is no place for [The Bantu] in the European communityabove the level of caertain forms of labor." The party ended in 1994.
  • History Of Apartheid

    History Of Apartheid
    Apartheid is a system or practice that separates people according to race. Apartheid affected everyone. Most people that protested were prisoned or even killed. Aprtheid took place after World War II 1948 until 1992.
  • Period: to

    The Path to Freedom

  • Population Registration Act of 1950

    Population Registration Act of 1950
    the Population Registration Actwas a time when all south Africans that were white, were favored greatly and even had better places to live than those who were not white.there were four groups of color, white, black, colored (mixed color), and laterthere was and Indian and Asian mix. when someone was a baby, they would be classified in to a one of these groups. They would have to live with every one in their group in a place called a homeland.
  • Bantu Authorities Act of 1951

    Bantu Authorities Act of 1951
    The Bantu Authorities Act of 1951 separated people by color and/or race which is aparthied by defenition. It set up designated areas, or "reserves", for the Bantus where they had their own self-government. The reserves were called "homelands." This act resulted in 3 other acts; The Reservation of Separate Amenities Act of 1953; The Bantu Education Act; and The Public Saftey Act of 1953. In conclusion, the Bantu Authorities Act was a terrible thing.
  • Bantu Education Act

    Bantu Education Act
    "There is no place for [the Bantu] in the European community above the level of certain forms of labor. What is the use of teaching the Bantu child mathematics when they are cannot use it in practice? That is quite absurd. Education must train people in accordance with their opportunities in life,
    according to the sphere in which they live." Through this law, the white government supervises the education of all blacks. Schools condition blacks to accept white domination.
  • Public Safety Act and Criminal Law Amendment of 1953

    Public Safety Act and Criminal Law Amendment of 1953
    In 1953 the whites made a law to proctect the them sleves from the blacks rebelling because of unfair laws. Many blacks disliked this law and they still rebelled aginsed the whites. Whites where aloud to punish the blacks for their mistakes. Their punishments would be going to prision or getting abused. This law killed many blacks when they tried to rebell. This law manly kept blacks in order to where they followed the law but it was still unfair.
  • Freedom Charter of 1955

    Freedom Charter of 1955
    The Freedom Charter was important in African history. For more than 250 years, the Africans and the Europeans were fighting. The Europeans thought that they had superiority over the blacks because they were white, so they took away their rights. After years of being treated as a minority, the Freedom Charter of 1955 was passed. It was the hope that all would be treated as equals. The Charter "became the blueprint for a vision that belonged to all who live in it- black or white"
  • Rivonia Trail of 1963

    Rivonia Trail of 1963
    The Rivonia Trial was a trail where sixteen leaders of the African National Congress had been arrested in July of 1963, and began on the 26 of November. Nelson Mandela and his fellow defendants were charged with 221 acts of sabotage.
  • Nelson Mandela: Imprisonment

    Nelson Mandela: Imprisonment
    "For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others"
    - Nelson Mandela Nelson Mandela went to prison from 1964-1990, He went to some of the tuffest prisons such as Robin Island, Pollsmoor and Victor Vester. He spent a total of 27 years even though he was sentenced life. He had the most basic conditions and was segragated by race. Blacks would get ferwer rations and even get harsher beatings. He was released on Feb 11 1990
  • The Soweto Uprising

    The Soweto Uprising
    On June 16, 1976, deadly riots broke out in the streets of South Africa. Local police used teargas and open gunfire to try and stop the outbreaks but the protesters fought back and threw rocks, stones, metal, and burned police cars, trains, busses, and government buildings to the ground. The uproar spread over 350 miles to an all black ccollege who also fought local police and boycotted South African goods. In October of 1977, the apartheid collapsed and blacks were given equal rights.
  • F.W. De Klerk

    F.W. De Klerk
    F.W. De Klerk was born on March 18, 1936. In 1989 De Klerk became the state president. He let Nelson Mandela out of jail on February 11, 1990. In 1993 De Klerk and Mandela won the Nobel Peace Prize. He served as president from 1989 to 1994. In 1997, De Klerk resigned as head of the National and quit politics because his party wouldn’t back him up. He believed in equal rights and he believed in abolishment of apartheid. In 2008 de Klerk underwent several operations including a tracheotomy.
  • President F.W. de Klerk

    President F.W. de Klerk
    F.W. de Klerk was born to a very politcal family. In 1989, he was elected President of South Africa. He had many dreams to change the world so that race doesn't matter. He was commited to reforming apartheid policies, and wanted to unite all racial groups. When he was president he negotiated the release the of Nelson Mandela. In 1993, he won the Nobel Peace Prize for non-racial democracy. As you can see he was a very important man.
  • Archbishop Desmond Tutu

    Archbishop Desmond Tutu
    Archbishop Desmodn Tutu was one of the most amazing priests of South Africa. He was inspired by Father Trevor Huddleston. He wanted to pursue justice in his homeland. After having tuberculosis, he was inspired to become a physician. Later, after getting married, he began a teaching career. After finishing teaching, he became the Angelican Archbishop of Johannesburg. He won many prizes and awards. He became an icon of hope far beyond the church and South Africa.
  • African National Congress

    African National Congress
    The African National Congress is political party in South Africa that campaigned against discriminationand fought to win rights for Africans. It was founded in 1912 by South African blacks to defend their political rights. The ANC played a major role in winning political and civil rights for the country's blacks and other non-whites. The ANC was the most popular party when apartheid was repealed but are now getting less popular from the Congress of the People.
  • Nelson Mandela Successes and Failures

    Nelson Mandela Successes and Failures
    In 1994-1999 Nelson Mandela was the first President in South Africa. He was aganist the aparthieds and he got sentenced to prison for life. Nelson Mandela also has a foundation called Nelson Mandela Foundation and it remines people to carry on his acts of kindness and also to remeber Nelson Mandela and all the things he did to help his community.
  • Nelson Mandela

    Nelson Mandela
    Nelson Mandela has played a major role in Africa's history for the past sixty years. He attended Fort Hare Collage and joined the ANC in 1944. In 1964 he was sentenced to life imprisonment because he was convicted of crimes against the government. He once said, "In my country you go to prison first and then go to prison. Nelson Mandela was president until 1999 to fight against HIV/ and AIDS. He later retired from public life to spend more time with his family
  • Desmond Tutu

    Desmond Tutu
    Desmond Mpilo Tutu grew up poor in South Africa during the apartheid. He protested the new black and white segragation laws. He soon became a minister at a church and was the first black Archbishop in Capetown. People listenend to him and he publicly speaking out against apartheid laws. He was appointed head of truth and reconciliation commity. He helped end the apartheid and he won many awards. Some include: the Nobel Peace Prize and the Gandhi Peace Prize.
  • Jacob Zuma

    Jacob Zuma
    Jacob Zuma is the current president of South Africa. "Today, the bad dreams have evaporated." Zuma stated after winning the Nelson Mandela award in 1998. Zuma has a large criminal record. He has been accused of rape, fraud, and plagiarism. He was also mentioned in the Schabir Shaik trial in post-apartheid South Africa.
  • F.W De Klerk

    F.W De Klerk
    President F.W. De Klerk was the seventh and last State president of apartheid era. De Klerk was born in Johannesburg in 1936 as a seinor Cabinet Minister. He graduated in 1958. He was elected head of the National Party and presidentlater that year when president Botha became ill. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993