Australia

  • 100

    50,000 .Bc

    The first settlers are thought to have arrived around 50,000 years ago. This would have most likely been at a time when the sea levels were low, the land was more humid and animals larger.
  • 1606

    The first European sightings of Australia were made by a Dutchman called Willem Janszoon on the Duyfken (Little Dove). Janszoon sailed into the Australian waters charting 300 km of the coast on the journey. Janszoon also met with the Aboriginal people on the journey. Janszoon was the first recorded European to achieve such feats.
  • 1642

    Dutch explorer, Abel Tasman's, first journey to Australia. It was in 1644 that Abel Tasman established that Australia was made up of four coasts North, West, East and South. The Australian state of Tasmania was named after this famous explorer.
  • 1770

    Captain cook lands in Botany Bay on the Eastern side of Australia in the ship named HM Bark Endeavour. and claims New South Wales for Britain.
  • 1788

    The First Fleet arrives at Sydney Cove under Captain Arthur Phillip to establish the first settlement in Australia.
  • 1803

    Mathew Flinders completes the first voyage around Australia in the 'Investigator.
  • 1813

    Barrier of the Blue Mountains Crossed.
  • 1941

    Curtin's appeal to USA for help in the World War marked the end of the special relationship with Britain.
  • 1974

    Whitlam abolishes 'white Australia' policy.
  • 1988

    Australia celebrates its Bicentennial - 200 years since the first European settlement. 1991