austins timeline

  • Noble Order of the Knights of Labor

    The noble order of the knight s of labor was organized by Philadelphia garmet workers in 1869. It was opened to farmers, merchants, and wage earners. Their objectives were to have equal pay for equal work. They wanted to abolition of child labor. And to work to work only 8 hour days
  • Labor Day Holiday

    Labor Day, the first Monday in September, is a creation of the labor movement and is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers. It constitutes a yearly national tribute to the contributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of our country.
  • American Federation of Labor (AFL)

    The american federation of labor was organized in 1886. It focused on having better working conditions. They also wanted better pay. They wanted union labels on produced items. And they were mostly craft oriented.
  • Haymarket Square Riot

    The haymarket square riot was in 1886. Workers in Chicago march for an 8 hr day-protest McComick Havesting machine. Police came to brake up the strike. Anarchists (anti-government) blamed for violence. 8 policeman die, 100s injured. Public saw unions and anarchists as problem.
  • "How the Other Half Lives"

    How the other lives is written by Jacob Riis and discribed the horrible living conditions of the tenements. the rooms were extremely small and very dirty. They had ropes out of the windows on pullys so the hundred thousand people lived in rear tenements could dry their cloths. they also just dumped their poo and pee into the street below. the sky was also smked colored
  • The Homestead Strike

    An industrial lockout and strike that begun on june 30, 1892, culminating in a battle between strikers and private security agents on july 6, 1892. It was one of the most serious disputes in US labor history. The dispute occured at the Homestead Steel Works in the Pittsburgh-area town of homestead, pennsylvania, between the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Wprkers (the AA) and the Carnegie Steel Company. The final result was a major defeat for the union.
  • The Pullman Strike

    Company built town of Pullman so workers could remt homes from owner, George M. Pullman. Rents high, and in 1893 wages slashed due to the panic of 1893 (depression), but Pullman refused to lower rents. Union Leaders (Eugene V. Debs) were arrested and imprisoned. the strike collapsed.
  • The Coal Strike

    Strike by the United Mine Workers of America in the anthracite coal fields of eastern pennsylvania. Presideny Theodore Rooseveltbecame involved and set up a fact-finding commission that suspended the strike. It was the first labor episode in which the federal government intervened as a neutral arbitrator.
  • "The Jungle"

    Upton Sinclair decribed the filthy conditions of the meat packing industry in Chicago during the Progressive era. Upton Sinclair published " The Jungle" in 1905 to expose labor abuses in the meat packing industry. Sinclair's horrific descriptions of the industry led to the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act, not to labor legislation.
  • "The Bitter Cry of Children"

    the bitter cry of children was written by john spargo. He went into the coal mine were the children worked as trap boys or worked on the breakers. After a few minutes of trying to work on the breaker, johns hands were bruised and cut. and the kids worked there everyday. With 12 to 14 hour sifts, they also breathed in the coal dust which is horrible for ur health. john was coughing for a very long time after. The kids also had no education either. they didnt even know who god was.
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    The pure food and drug act was started in june 30, 1906. United States federal law that provided federal inspection of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines.
  • Triangle Shirt Factory Fire

    In one of the darkest moments of America's industrial history, the Triangle Shirtwaist Company factory in New York City burns down, killing 145 workers, on this day in 1911. The tragedy led to the development of a series of laws and regulations that better protected the safety of factory workers.
  • Congress of Industrial Organization

    The congress of industrial organization was started in 1935. It was a part of the AFL untill 1935. It broke away because it advocated organization along industrial lines rather than craft lines.
  • The National Labor Relations Act

    The national labor regulations act was also called the wagner act. It was pro labor. Labor's right to organize legally recognized. National labor relations board was created. And they wanted to the power to punish unfair labor practices.
  • GM Sit-down Strike

    Strike by General Motors emplyees that shut down plant operations in Flint, Michigan, and other cities from December 30, 1936- February 11, 1937. A sit-down strike involves workers remaining in the workplace while on strike to prevent normal business operations from being conducted. GM decided to recognize the VAW as the collective bargaining agent for workers in seventeen plants and to negotiate a contract with the VAW. The workers were thus able to to participate in the running of GM.
  • Fair Labor Standards Act

    In 1938 Federal regulation of child labor was achieved in the fair labor standards act. For the first time, minimum ages of employment and hours of work for children are regulated by federal law. Now the minimum age of getting a job is 14 to 15 years of age.
  • Steal Strike

    Strike by the UNited Steelworkers of America against U.S. Steel and nine other steelmakers. The strike was scheduled to begin on April 9, 1952, but President Harry S. Truman nationalized the american steel industry hours before the workers walked out. The steel workers struck to win a wage increase. the strike lasted 53 days, and ended on july 24, 1952 , on essentially the same terms the union had proposed four months earlier.
  • Major League Baseball Strike

    The 1972 baseball strike was the first players' strike ini major league baseball history. The strike occured from April 1, 1972 to April 13, 1972. The 86 games that were missed over the 13-day period were never played because the league refused to pay the players for the time they were on strike.
  • New York City Transit Strike

    The 2005 new york city transit strike was a strike in new york city called by the transport workers union local 100 (TWU). Negotiation for a contract with the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) broke down over retirement, pention, and wage increase.Millions of commuters were affected. The strike officially ended at 2:35 p.m. on December 22, 2005. Service was restored overnight, with all transportation systems fully operational by the morning commute of the 23rd.