Art History Timeline Project

  • Period: 40,000 BCE to 4000 BCE

    Paleolithic: “Old Stone Age”

    40,000-8,000 BCE in the Near East
    40,000-4,000 BCE in Europe
  • 15,000 BCE

    Great Hall of the Bulls Cave Paintings

    Great Hall of the Bulls Cave Paintings
    Lascaux, France.
    15,000-13,000 B.C.E.
    Rock painting
  • 14,000 BCE

    Art of Japan

    The earliest pieces of Japanese art came from the Jomon Period
    Started with the connection of Buddhism
  • Period: 8000 BCE to 2000 BCE

    Neolithic: “New Stone Age”

    8,000- 3,000 BCE in the Near East
    4,000- 2,000 BCE in Europe
  • 7000 BCE

    Art of China

    Art is an important part in the Chinese culture
    The different periods of time were called Dynasties
  • Period: 3500 BCE to 2340 BCE

    Sumerian

    Sumerians rule from 3500 - 2340 B.C.E.
    Made up of independent city-states
    Cuneiform - earliest form of writing developed by 3000 B.C.E.
    Epic of Gilgamesh - early Sumerian poem
    Architecture generally consists of mud-brick
  • 3000 BCE

    Art of Korea

    Korean artworks include traditions
    Used 4 major types of art calligraphy, music, painting, pottery
    The first major Korean artwork dates back to 3000 BC
  • 2700 BCE

    Statues of votive figures

    Statues of votive figures
    From the Square Temple at Eshnunna (modern Tell Asmar, Iraq)
    Sumerian
    c.2700 B.C.E.
    Gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone
  • 2620 BCE

    Seated scribe

    Seated scribe
    Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
    c.2620-2500 B.C.E.
    Painted limestone
  • Period: 2575 BCE to 2134 BCE

    Old Kingdom Egypt

    Approximately c. 2575-2134 BCE
    Mastabas and pyramids as tombs and burial chambers
    Ben-ben stone: the top stone on the pyramid; location of where the sun rays first fell
    Standardization of the canons of Egyptian art
  • 2500 BCE

    Stonehenge

    Stonehenge
    Wiltshire, UK
    Neolithic Europe
    c.2500-1600 B.C.E
    Sandstone
  • Period: 1895 BCE to 539 BCE

    Babylonian

    1,895–539 BC
  • 1830 BCE

    Under the Wave off Kanagawa (Kanagawa oki nami ura), also known as the Great Wave, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji

    Under the Wave off Kanagawa (Kanagawa oki nami ura),  also known as the Great Wave, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
    Katsushika Hokusai
    1830-1833 C.E.
    Polychrome woodblock print; ink and color on paper
  • 1801 BCE

    Navigation chart

    Navigation chart
    Marshall Islands, Micronesia
    19th to early 20th century C.E.
    Wood and fiber
  • 1792 BCE

    The Code of Hammurabi

    The Code of Hammurabi
    Babylon (Modern Iran)
    Susian
    c.1792-1750 B.C.E.
    Basalt
  • 1700 BCE

    Sika dwa kofi (Golden Stool)

    Sika dwa kofi (Golden Stool)
    Ashanti peoples (south central Ghana)
    c. 1700 C.E.
    Gold over wood and cast-gold attachments
  • 1632 BCE

    Taj Mahal

    Taj Mahal
    Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Masons, marble workers, mosaicists, and decorators working under the supervision of Ustad Ahmad Lahori, architect of the emperor. 1632-1653 C.E.
    Stone masonry and marble with inlay of precious and semiprecious stones; gardens
  • 1550 BCE

    Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall

    Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall
    New Kingdom, 18th & 19th Dynasties
    Karnak, near Luxor, Egypt
    Temple: c.1550 B.C.E.
    Hall: c.1250 B.C.E.
    Cut sandstone and mud brick
  • Period: 1550 BCE to 1070 BCE

    New Kingdom Egypt

    Approximately c.1550-1070 BCE
    After second Intermediate Period
    Impressive rock tombs
    Military expansion (Syrians invaded in the Intermediate Period)
  • 1500 BCE

    Art of the Pacific

    The first Art of the Pacific piece was created during 1500 BC
    Was influenced by local social structures and external influences
    The locations of the artwork are on islands
  • 1353 BCE

    Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters

    Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters
    New Kingdom (Amarna), 18th Dynasty
    c.1353-1335 B.C.E.
    Limestone
  • Period: 1353 BCE to 1335 BCE

    The Amarna Period

    C.1353-1335 BCE
    Akhenaten (also known as Amenhotep IV)
    Instituted monotheistic worship of the sun disk, Aten
    Moved capital to Amarna
  • 1200 BCE

    Hinduism

    Has no founder or date of origin
    Oldest faith structure in the world
    Name comes from the Persian word Hindu meaning river
  • 1001 BCE

    Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja)

    Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja)
    Hindu
    India (Tamil Nadu)
    Chola Dynasty
    c. 11th century C.E.
    Cast bronze
  • 1000 BCE

    African Art

    Beginning c.1000 C.E
    Art is less about realistic representation and more about expression
    Due to reliance on oral tradition, most artworks are unsigned
  • 1000 BCE

    Travelers among Mountains and Streams

    Travelers among Mountains and Streams
    Fan Kuan
    c. 1000 C.E.
    Ink and colors on silk
  • Period: 900 BCE to 600 BCE

    Assyrian

    900-600 B.C.E
    A major ancient Mesopotamian civilization
  • Period: 900 BCE to 700 BCE

    Geometric Period

    900 - 700 B.C.E.
    Small scale bronzes
    Figures restricted to registers
  • Period: 800 BCE to 500 BCE

    Etruscan

    Approx. 800-500 B.C.E. (Same as the Archaic Period in Greece
    Has motion and vitality (full of life)
    Captured the feeling or essence of their subjects
    Relaxed
    Naturalistic figures
    Temples
    Wood with statues on the roof
    Necropolises
  • 720 BCE

    Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II

    Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II
    Dur Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad, Iraq)
    Neo-Assyrian c.720-705 B.C.E.
    Alabaster
  • Period: 700 BCE to 600 BCE

    Orientalizing

    700-600 B.C.E.
    Result of exposure to Egypt and the Near East
    Exotic imagery and composite creatures
    Figures begin to break out of registers
  • 610 BCE

    Islamic

    Created by Muhammad
    Created during 610 C.E
  • Period: 600 BCE to 480 BCE

    Archaic

    600 - 480 B.C.E.
    Sculptures include kouros and kore figures
    Characterized by the “Archaic Smile”
    Stylized, geometric hair
    Rigid, grid format similar to the Egyptian canon of proportions
    Pottery includes black and red figured vase painting
    Persian Wars 500-480 B.C.E.
  • Period: 559 BCE to 331 BCE

    Persian

    559-331 B.C.E
  • 530 BCE

    Anavysos Kouros

    Anavysos Kouros
    Archaic Greek
    c.530 B.C.E.
    Marble with remnants of paint
  • 520 BCE

    Audience Hall (apadana) of Darius and Xerxes

    Audience Hall (apadana) of Darius and Xerxes
    Persepolis, Iran
    Persian
    c.520-465 B.C.E.
    Limestone
  • 520 BCE

    Sarcophagus of the Spouses

    Sarcophagus of the Spouses
    Etruscan
    c.520 B.C.E.
    Terracotta
  • Period: 509 BCE to 27 BCE

    Republican Period

    509 - 27 B.C.E.
    Highly stratified society: patricians lorded over plebeians, paterfamilias lorded over wives and children
    “Dignitas” - dignity, status, honor, popularity, importance
    Copied Classical Greek
    Subjects: mythology, gods, battles, emperors
  • 500 BCE

    Buddhism

    5th Century B.C.E - now
    Has four noble truths
    It originated in India but later spread throughout Asia
  • 500 BCE

    Gold and jade crown

    Gold and jade crown
    Three Kingdoms Period
    Silla Kingdom, Korea
    Fifth to sixth century C.E.
    Metalwork
  • Period: 480 BCE to 450 BCE

    Severe (Early Classical)

    480 - 450 B.C.E.
    Bridges change in sculpture from relatively stiff Archaic figure to the more realistically active Classical figure
    Large freestanding sculptures with figures shown in movement.
    Contrapposto shown for the first time (weight shift)
  • Period: 450 BCE to 400 BCE

    Classical

    450 - 400 B.C.E.
    The Golden Age of Greece
    “High point” of Greek art and architecture. Figures are idealized, with expressionless faces.
    Proportion and symmetry are emphasized
  • 427 BCE

    Victory (Nike) adjusting her sandal

    Victory (Nike) adjusting her sandal
    Temple of Athena Nike (Acropolis)
    c.427-424 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 400 BCE

    Buddha

    Buddha
    Bamiyan, Afghanistan
    Gandharan
    c. 400-800 C.E.
    (destroyed in 2001)
    Cut rock with plaster and polychrome paint
  • Period: 400 BCE to 320 BCE

    4th Century (Late Classical)

    400 - 320 B.C.E.
    Alexander the Great becomes king of Macedonia, 336 B.C.E.
    Alexander defeats Persian king Darius III at the Battle of Issus, 333 B.C.E.
    Alexander dies in Babylon, 323 B.C.E.
    Sculptors attempt more difficult, unique poses for their figures
  • Period: 320 BCE to 30 BCE

    Hellenistic

    320 - 30 B.C.E.
    Macedonia becomes a Roman province, 146 B.C.E.
    Ends with the fall of Egypt, last fortification of Hellenistic rule to Romans in 31 - 30 B.C.E.
    Period initiated by the conquests of Alexander the Great.
    Art of this period encompasses extremes, from works that are naturalistic to other pieces that are overly idealized with an emphasis on drama, violence and emotionalism.
  • 250 BCE

    Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus

    Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus
    Late Imperial Roman
    c.250 C.E.
    Marble.
  • Period: 193 BCE to 237 BCE

    Late Empire

    193-237 C.E.
    Age of confidence is replaced by a time of troubles
    Civil unrest
    Military defeats
    Economy in decline
    Pivotal time - pagan ancient world transformed into Christian Middle Ages
  • 100 BCE

    Alexander mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii

    Alexander mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii
    Republican Roman
    c.100 B.C.E.
    Mosaic
  • 100 BCE

    Seated Boxer

    Seated Boxer
    Hellenistic Greek
    C.100 B.C.E.
    Bronze
  • 27 BCE

    High Empire

    27 BC
    The Roman Empire began with the reign of Emperor Augustus
  • 27 BCE

    Early Empire

    27 B.C.E