Period: 40,000 BCE to 4000 BCE
Paleolithic: “Old Stone Age”40,000-8,000 BCE in the Near East
40,000-4,000 BCE in Europe
Great Hall of the Bulls Cave PaintingsLascaux, France.
Art of JapanThe earliest pieces of Japanese art came from the Jomon Period
Started with the connection of Buddhism
Period: 8000 BCE to 2000 BCE
Neolithic: “New Stone Age”8,000- 3,000 BCE in the Near East
4,000- 2,000 BCE in Europe
Art of ChinaArt is an important part in the Chinese culture
The different periods of time were called Dynasties
Period: 3500 BCE to 2340 BCE
SumerianSumerians rule from 3500 - 2340 B.C.E.
Made up of independent city-states
Cuneiform - earliest form of writing developed by 3000 B.C.E.
Epic of Gilgamesh - early Sumerian poem
Architecture generally consists of mud-brick
Art of KoreaKorean artworks include traditions
Used 4 major types of art calligraphy, music, painting, pottery
The first major Korean artwork dates back to 3000 BC
Statues of votive figuresFrom the Square Temple at Eshnunna (modern Tell Asmar, Iraq)
Gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone
Seated scribeOld Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
Period: 2575 BCE to 2134 BCE
Old Kingdom EgyptApproximately c. 2575-2134 BCE
Mastabas and pyramids as tombs and burial chambers
Ben-ben stone: the top stone on the pyramid; location of where the sun rays first fell
Standardization of the canons of Egyptian art
Period: 1895 BCE to 539 BCE
Under the Wave off Kanagawa (Kanagawa oki nami ura), also known as the Great Wave, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount FujiKatsushika Hokusai
Polychrome woodblock print; ink and color on paper
Navigation chartMarshall Islands, Micronesia
19th to early 20th century C.E.
Wood and fiber
The Code of HammurabiBabylon (Modern Iran)
Sika dwa kofi (Golden Stool)Ashanti peoples (south central Ghana)
c. 1700 C.E.
Gold over wood and cast-gold attachments
Taj MahalAgra, Uttar Pradesh, India
Masons, marble workers, mosaicists, and decorators working under the supervision of Ustad Ahmad Lahori, architect of the emperor. 1632-1653 C.E.
Stone masonry and marble with inlay of precious and semiprecious stones; gardens
Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle HallNew Kingdom, 18th & 19th Dynasties
Karnak, near Luxor, Egypt
Temple: c.1550 B.C.E.
Hall: c.1250 B.C.E.
Cut sandstone and mud brick
Period: 1550 BCE to 1070 BCE
New Kingdom EgyptApproximately c.1550-1070 BCE
After second Intermediate Period
Impressive rock tombs
Military expansion (Syrians invaded in the Intermediate Period)
Art of the PacificThe first Art of the Pacific piece was created during 1500 BC
Was influenced by local social structures and external influences
The locations of the artwork are on islands
Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughtersNew Kingdom (Amarna), 18th Dynasty
Period: 1353 BCE to 1335 BCE
The Amarna PeriodC.1353-1335 BCE
Akhenaten (also known as Amenhotep IV)
Instituted monotheistic worship of the sun disk, Aten
Moved capital to Amarna
HinduismHas no founder or date of origin
Oldest faith structure in the world
Name comes from the Persian word Hindu meaning river
Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja)Hindu
India (Tamil Nadu)
c. 11th century C.E.
African ArtBeginning c.1000 C.E
Art is less about realistic representation and more about expression
Due to reliance on oral tradition, most artworks are unsigned
Travelers among Mountains and StreamsFan Kuan
c. 1000 C.E.
Ink and colors on silk
Period: 900 BCE to 600 BCE
A major ancient Mesopotamian civilization
Period: 900 BCE to 700 BCE
Geometric Period900 - 700 B.C.E.
Small scale bronzes
Figures restricted to registers
Period: 800 BCE to 500 BCE
EtruscanApprox. 800-500 B.C.E. (Same as the Archaic Period in Greece
Has motion and vitality (full of life)
Captured the feeling or essence of their subjects
Wood with statues on the roof
Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon IIDur Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad, Iraq)
Neo-Assyrian c.720-705 B.C.E.
Period: 700 BCE to 600 BCE
Result of exposure to Egypt and the Near East
Exotic imagery and composite creatures
Figures begin to break out of registers
IslamicCreated by Muhammad
Created during 610 C.E
Period: 600 BCE to 480 BCE
Archaic600 - 480 B.C.E.
Sculptures include kouros and kore figures
Characterized by the “Archaic Smile”
Stylized, geometric hair
Rigid, grid format similar to the Egyptian canon of proportions
Pottery includes black and red figured vase painting
Persian Wars 500-480 B.C.E.
Period: 559 BCE to 331 BCE
Anavysos KourosArchaic Greek
Marble with remnants of paint
Audience Hall (apadana) of Darius and XerxesPersepolis, Iran
Sarcophagus of the SpousesEtruscan
Period: 509 BCE to 27 BCE
Republican Period509 - 27 B.C.E.
Highly stratified society: patricians lorded over plebeians, paterfamilias lorded over wives and children
“Dignitas” - dignity, status, honor, popularity, importance
Copied Classical Greek
Subjects: mythology, gods, battles, emperors
Buddhism5th Century B.C.E - now
Has four noble truths
It originated in India but later spread throughout Asia
Gold and jade crownThree Kingdoms Period
Silla Kingdom, Korea
Fifth to sixth century C.E.
Period: 480 BCE to 450 BCE
Severe (Early Classical)480 - 450 B.C.E.
Bridges change in sculpture from relatively stiff Archaic figure to the more realistically active Classical figure
Large freestanding sculptures with figures shown in movement.
Contrapposto shown for the first time (weight shift)
Period: 450 BCE to 400 BCE
Classical450 - 400 B.C.E.
The Golden Age of Greece
“High point” of Greek art and architecture. Figures are idealized, with expressionless faces.
Proportion and symmetry are emphasized
Victory (Nike) adjusting her sandalTemple of Athena Nike (Acropolis)
c. 400-800 C.E.
(destroyed in 2001)
Cut rock with plaster and polychrome paint
Period: 400 BCE to 320 BCE
4th Century (Late Classical)400 - 320 B.C.E.
Alexander the Great becomes king of Macedonia, 336 B.C.E.
Alexander defeats Persian king Darius III at the Battle of Issus, 333 B.C.E.
Alexander dies in Babylon, 323 B.C.E.
Sculptors attempt more difficult, unique poses for their figures
Period: 320 BCE to 30 BCE
Hellenistic320 - 30 B.C.E.
Macedonia becomes a Roman province, 146 B.C.E.
Ends with the fall of Egypt, last fortification of Hellenistic rule to Romans in 31 - 30 B.C.E.
Period initiated by the conquests of Alexander the Great.
Art of this period encompasses extremes, from works that are naturalistic to other pieces that are overly idealized with an emphasis on drama, violence and emotionalism.
Ludovisi Battle SarcophagusLate Imperial Roman
Period: 193 BCE to 237 BCE
Late Empire193-237 C.E.
Age of confidence is replaced by a time of troubles
Economy in decline
Pivotal time - pagan ancient world transformed into Christian Middle Ages
Alexander mosaic from the House of Faun, PompeiiRepublican Roman
Seated BoxerHellenistic Greek
High Empire27 BC
The Roman Empire began with the reign of Emperor Augustus
Early Empire27 B.C.E