APUSH Review: Whitten Bowles

Timeline created by Whitten Bowles
In History
  • 1,787 BCE

    Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    The point was to decide how America was to be governed and to revise the existing Articles of Confederation.
  • Oct 21, 1492

    Columbus "discovers" America

    Columbus "discovers" America
    Christopher Columbus had 3 ships the names of the 1497 Christopher Columbus Ships were the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. Christopher Columbus always wanted to sail since he was a little boy. Christopher Columbus was born in 1452. He died in 1506, he had a heart attack.
  • Jamestown Colony Created

    Jamestown Colony Created
    Jamestown Colony was founded in 1607. Jamestown was started in Virginia. It was the first permanent English settlement in what is now the United States of America.It was founded by the London Company (later to become the Virginia Company), headquartered in London.
  • Plymouth Colony Created

    Plymouth Colony Created
    Plymouth Colony was created in 1620.Plymouth was founded by a group of religious separatists who arrived on the Mayflower in 1620. The colony was founded by the Pilgrims at Plymouth, Massachusetts, in December, 1620. Many of the 102 passengers who sailed from England aboard the Mayflower died. The survivors formed the Plymouth Colony.
  • Massachusettes Bay Colony Created

    Massachusettes Bay Colony Created
    The Massachusetts Bay Colony was an English settlement on the east coast. It centered around the present-day cities of Salem and Boston. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was formed in the 17th century by Puritan settlers led by James Winthrop.They were fleeing from religious persecution in England.
  • New Amsterdam becomes New York

    New Amsterdam becomes New York
    New Amsterdam was the largest Dutch colonial settlement in North America. During the second Anglo-Dutch War between England and the United Netherlands, the colony was surrendered to the English on 24 September 1664, and renamed New York. When the Dutch retook control briefly in 1673, they renamed it "New Orange", but ceded it permanently to England after the signing of the Treaty of Westminster in 1674.
  • William Penn creates Pennsylvania

    William Penn creates Pennsylvania
    William Penn (1644-1718), founder of Pennsylvania.The king owed William Penn's father, but his father died before the king could pay him back. Willliam Penn Penn was a believer in freedom of religion, free elections and the right to a fair trial by a jury.
  • George Washingon assults Fort Duquesne

    George Washingon assults Fort Duquesne
    George Washington assults Fort Duquesne.It was not until 1758 that the change of affairs brought relief to George Washington. He had always urged that an expedition be sent to Fort Duquesne .George Washington was commander in chief of the Continental army during the American Revolution and first president of the United States.
  • Albany Congress Meets

    Albany Congress Meets
    The Albany Congress met in Albany New York from June 19 to July 11, 1754.The Albany Congress, also known as the Albany Conference, was a meeting of representatives of seven of the British North American colonies in 1754.It was the first time that all the colonies had been together.
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    The Proclamation of 1763 was issued by King George III after Great Britain acquired some of the French territory in North America. After the end of the French and Indian War and would not allow settlements past a line along the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    Tax on sugar imposed by Grenville. Designed to prevent illegal sugar trade to West Indies. Made own courts to try smugglers in.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    First Continental Congress- met in Philadelphia to consider ways of redressing colonial grievances. 12 of the 13 (excluding GA) sent a total of 55 respected men
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    Passed in 1767 and 1768, the Townshend Act (named after Charles Townshend), were laws and taxes placed on tea, glass, paper, lead, paint, and oil.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    Boston Massacre
    Made dead colonists into martyrs. Used it as propaganda for denouncing Britain.
  • Somerset Decision

    Somerset Decision
    When James Somerset was forcibly taken from England to the colonies, a decison ruled that slavery was contrary to natural law and principles of the English constituion.
  • Boston Tea Party

    A political protest in Boston, MA in which angry colonists angered by taxes imposed by Britain dumped 342 chests of British tea into the harbor.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Formal announcement of independence drafted by Thomas Jefferson and approved by Congress. The declaration allowed Americans to appeal for foreign aid and served as an inspiration for later revolutionary movements worldwide.
  • Constitution

    The constitution was written in 1787 and ratified in 1788 that sets forth the structure of the U.S. government and the tasks these three branches would perform. It replaced the Articles of Confederation.
  • First Bank of The United States Chartered

    First Bank of The United States Chartered
    There was lots of debt following the Revolutionary War and every state had different types of money. To combat this, the first bank was chartered.
  • Proclamation of Neutrality

    Proclamation of Neutrality
    A formal announcement issued by President George Washington that declared the United States a neutral nation in the conflict between Great Britain and France that had begun with the French Revolution.
  • Pickneys Treaty

    Pickneys Treaty
    The treaty pushed back Americans from expanding westward.
  • George Washington's Farewell address

    George Washington's Farewell address
    George Washington's address at the end of his presidency, warning against "permanent alliances" with other nations. Washington did not oppose all alliances, but believed that the young, fledgling nation should forge allegiances only on a temporary basis, in extraordinary circumstances. Also, Washington believed that political parties would be the fall of the nation.
  • Quasai War with France

    Quasai War with France
    US and France have an alliance, but France attacks an American ship causing a dispute. Crosses with XYZ Affair
  • Thomas Jefferson elected President

    Thomas Jefferson elected President
    Considered the ¨Revolution of 1800¨. Peaceful transfer of power from the Federalists to the Democratic-Republicans
  • Gabriel Prosser Slave Revolt

    Gabriel Prosser Slave Revolt
    Slave Revolt planned by Gabriel Prosser in Richmond, VA.
  • Marbury vs Madison

    Marbury vs Madison
    This increased the power of the Judicial branch and established Judicial Review.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    The U.S gains a large amount of land, encouraging westward expansion.
  • Embargo Act

    Embargo Act
    Restricted trade in all foreign nations.
  • Chesepeake-Leapord Affair

    Chesepeake-Leapord Affair
    The British crew members of the HMS Leopard fired on the USS Chesapeake due to them refusing to allow them to board their ship. An example of impressment.
  • James Madison Elected President

    James Madison Elected President
    Another Democratic-Republican victory and another blow to the Federalist party.
  • War of 1812

    War of 1812
    Nationalism increased. A deadly blow to the Federalist party.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    This consisted of spreading Christianity, Gold, and Glory. Caused westward expansion and Indian tragedies.
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of New Orleans
    Decisive victory with Andrew Jackson in command, repelling British forces.
  • James Monroe elected President

    James Monroe elected President
    This is during the ¨Era of good feelings¨.Deadly blow to Federalist party.
  • McCullough Vs. Maryland

    McCullough Vs. Maryland
    Established powers of the federal government. (Implied powers)
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    Adams-Onis Treaty
    The U.S purchases Florida in exchange for Texas. Claims Oregon region.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Missouri was made a slave state and Maine was made a free state. Slavery was restricted North of 36, 30 North.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    Declares that the U.S should take part in European affairs and Europe shouldn't be involved in the U.S and Latin American affairs.
  • Erie Canal completed

    Erie Canal completed
    Encouraged maritime distribution of goods and connected the north , south, and west.
  • Andrew Jackson elected President

    Andrew Jackson elected President
    Begins ¨Age of the common man¨. Shows the Democratization of the U.S.
  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    Declared tariffs of 1828 and 1832 unconstitutional. Would have led to SC secession.
  • Battle of the Alamo

    Battle of the Alamo
    This was during a 13 day siege during the Texas Revolution, resulting in a Mexican victory.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    Cherokee was forced to give up its land and move east of the Mississippi River. Many died in the process.
  • Mexican American War

    Mexican American War
    A war between the U.S. and Mexico spanned the period from spring 1846 to fall 1847. The war was initiated by the United States and resulted in Mexico's defeat and the loss of approximately half of its national territory in the north.
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    Began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.[1] The news of gold brought—mostly by sailing ships and covered wagons—some 300,000 gold-seekers (called "forty-niners", as in "1849") to California. WHICH HELPED CALIFORNIA BECOME A STATE.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    It was introduced by Henry Clay as resolutions so California can come in as a FREE state. As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was amended and the slave trade in Washington, D.C., was abolished.
  • Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin
    A pretty significant anti-slavery novel that brought many people to go up against slavery.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act

    Kansas Nebraska Act
    It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders. The Act served to repeal the Missouri Compromise of 1820 which prohibited slavery north of latitude 36°30´.
  • Harpers Ferry

    Harpers Ferry
    John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry was an effort by white abolitionist John Brown to initiate an armed slave revolt in 1859 by taking over a United States arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia.
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    Abraham Lincoln win election. Causes secession of southern states. First state to secede SOUTH CAROLINA. Southern states thought he was an abolitionist.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    The South's decesion for war. Where the CIVIL WAR began.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Abraham Lincoln issues the proclamation, declaring "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
  • Black Codes

    Black Codes
    Black Codes were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War. These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt.
  • Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

    Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
  • Freedmans Burea

    Freedmans Burea
    Freedmen's Bureau, was established in 1865 by Congress to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War (1861-65).
  • Cattle Drives

    Cattle Drives
    Cattle drives moved large herds of livestock to market, to shipping points, or to find fresh pasturage. The practice was introduced to North America early during European colonization.
  • Reconstruction Acts of 1867

    Reconstruction Acts of 1867
    Places the South under military occupation
  • Barbed Wire

    Barbed Wire
    Barbed wire was invented by Joseph F. Glidden. Barbed wire was the first wire technology capable of restraining cattle. Wire fences were cheaper to erect than their predecessors.
  • Purchase of Alaska

    Purchase of Alaska
    The purchase of Alaska in 1867 marked the end of Russian efforts to expand trade and settlements to the Pacific coast of North America, and became an important step in the United States rise as a great power in the Asia-Pacific region.
  • 2nd Industrial Revolution

    2nd Industrial Revolution
    The Second Industrial Revolution was a period when advances in steel production, electricity and petroleum caused a series of innovations that changed society. With the production of cost effective steel, railroads were expanded and more industrial machines were built.
  • Social Darwinism

    Social Darwinism
    Social Darwinists believe in “survival of the fittest”—the idea that certain people become powerful in society because they are innately better. Social Darwinism has been used to justify imperialism, racism, eugenics and social inequality at various times over the past century and a half. They believed that government should not interfere in the “survival of the fittest” by helping the poor, and promoted the idea that some races are biologically superior to others.
  • Election of 1876

    Election of 1876
    The United States presidential election of 1876 was one of the most disputed presidential elections in American history. Samuel J. Tilden of New York outpolled Ohio's Rutherford B. Hayes in the popular vote, and had 184 electoral votes to Hayes' 165, with 20 votes uncounted.
  • Telephone

    The telephone was made in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell. The invention of the telephone had a great impact towards society and broadened the idea of communication. The whole purpose surrounding the telephone was to make the process of communicating much more simply.
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877
    The Compromise of 1877 was a purported informal, unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election, pulled federal troops out of state politics in the South, and ended the RECONSTRUCTION ERA.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    This act suspended Chinese immigration for ten years and declared Chinese immigrants ineligible for naturalization. This affected America because it significantly decreased the amount of Chinese immigrants into the U.S.
  • Haymarket Square

    Haymarket Square
    The Haymarket Square was organized by labor radicals to protest the killing and wounding of several workers by the Chicago police during a strike the day before at the McCormick Reaper Works.This became a symbol of international struggle for workers' rights.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    The railroads became the first industry subject to Federal regulation. In 1887 Congress passed the Interstate Commerce Act, making the railroads the first industry subject to Federal regulation. Congress passed the law largely in response to public demand that railroad operations be regulated.
  • Dawes Act

    Dawes Act
    The Dawes Act was a movement to reform Indian policy led to the US deciding to assimilate Indians to white culture rather than forcibly contain and kill Indians. Over ninety million acres of tribal land were stripped from Native American Indians and sold to non-natives.
  • Sherman Anti- Trust Act

    Sherman Anti- Trust Act
    Sherman Antitrust Act was the first legislation enacted by the U.S. Congress to curb concentrations of power that interfere with trade and reduce economic competition. It was named for U.S. Sen. John Sherman of Ohio, who was an expert on the regulation of commerce.
  • Panic of 1893

    Panic of 1893
    The Panic of 1893 was a serious economic depression in the United States that began in that year. Similar to the Panic of 1873, this panic was marked by the collapse of railroad overbuilding and shaky railroad financing which set off a series of bank failures.
  • Plessy Vs. Ferguson

    Plessy Vs. Ferguson
    This case essentially established the constitutionality of racial segregation. As a controlling legal precedent, it prevented constitutional challenges to racial segregation for more than half a century until it was finally overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court in Brownv.
  • USS Maine

    USS Maine
    The USS Maine was a United States Navy ship that sank in Havana Harbor during the Cuban revolt against Spain, an event that became a major political issue in the United States.
  • Yellow Journalism

    Yellow Journalism
    Journalism that is based upon sensationalism and crude exaggeration aided the cause of the Mexican-American War.
  • Open Door Policy

    Open Door Policy
    A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
  • Fillipene-American War

    Fillipene-American War
    On February 4, 1899, fighting erupted between American and Filipino soldiers. American commanders hoped for a short conflict, but in the end more than 70,000 fought in the archipelago. Unable to defeat the US in conventional warfare, the Filipinos adopted guerrilla tactics.
  • Big Stick Diplomacy

    Big Stick Diplomacy
    The policy held by Teddy Roosevelt in foreign affairs. The "big stick" symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them.
  • Panema Revolution

    Panema Revolution
    Bunau-Varilla on behalf of U.S. helped organized this country rebellion against Columbia to gain independence, as well as U.S. compensation for use of their land for the canal., The Isthmus of Panama had been part of Columbia. U.S. tried to negotiate with Columbia to build the Panama Canal. Columbia refused, so U.S. encouraged Panama to revolt. Example of Big Stick diplomacy.
  • Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty

    Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
    1903 - U.S. guaranteed the independence of the newly-created Republic of Panama.
  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Dollar Diplomacy
    From 1909 to 1913, President William Howard Taft and Secretary of State Philander C. Knox followed a foreign policy characterized as “dollar diplomacy.”.
  • Powder Keg

    Powder Keg
    Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated
  • Russia Pulls out of WWI

    Russia Pulls out of WWI
    Russia pulls out of the first world war due to the internal conflicts with the Tsars.
  • Anti-German Hysteria

    Anti-German Hysteria
    During WWI, German were labeled as the cause of the war and targeted with negative ads and comments
  • Espionage Acts

    Espionage Acts
    Law which punished people for aiding the enemy or refusing military duty during WW1
  • Commitee on Public Information

    Commitee on Public Information
    A propaganda machine headed by George Creel that created numerous posters, short films, and pamphlets explaining the war to Americans and encouraging them to purchase war bonds to gain support for WWI.
  • Seditions Act

    Seditions Act
    20 years in prison for obstructing the war effort
    Vague wording so many were targeted
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    Treaty of Versailles is signed ending the first world war. In the treaty the state of war between Gemany and the Allied Powers was officially ended.
  • Red Scare

    Red Scare
    A "Red Scare" is promotion of widespread fear by a society or state about a potential rise of communism, anarchism, or radical leftism. The term is most often used to refer to two periods in the history of the United States with this name.
  • President Wilson is awarded the Nobel peace Prize.

    President Wilson is awarded the Nobel peace Prize.
    No description
  • President Harding Dies

    President Harding Dies
    President Harding dies. Vice President Calvin Coolidge takes Presidential office
  • Kellog Briand Pact

    Kellog Briand Pact
    The US and 14 other nations signed the Kellog Briand Pact.
  • Hitler elected Chancellor

    Hitler elected Chancellor
    Adolf becomes chancellor of Germany. Chancellor is directly below president and is a position of much power.
  • Germany invades Czechoslovakia

    Germany invades Czechoslovakia
    Germany inveads Czechoslovakia. They split the country into two- Czech and Slovakia.
  • Germany and japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact.

    Germany and japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact.
    Germany and japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact. This is an agreement to exchange information about Communist groups.
  • Axis Created

    Axis Created
    Hitler and Mussolini agree to form a military alliance. Together they are the first to join as the axis Powers.
  • Nazi-Soviet Pact

    Nazi-Soviet Pact
    Stalin and Hitler sign the Nazi-Soviet Pact. Russia is now at the aid of Germany.
  • Womens Army Corps(WAC) is established.

    Womens Army Corps(WAC) is established.
    Womens Army Corps(WAC) is established. Congress allows women in the military but not to fight.
  • Battle of Normandy

    Battle of Normandy
    During World War II (1939-1945), the Battle of Normandy, which lasted from June 1944 to August 1944, resulted in the Allied liberation of Western Europe from Nazi Germanys control.
  • Hitlers Dead

    Hitler commits suicide after germany is successfully defeated.
  • Period: to

    Pequot Wars

    Pequot War, war fought in 1636–37 by the Pequot people against a coalition of English settlers from the Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut, and Saybrook colonies and their Native American allies (including the Narragansett and Mohegan) that eliminated the Pequot as an impediment to English colonization of southern New England.
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    French and Indian War

    The French and Indian War (1754–1763) pitted the colonies of British America against those of New France, each side supported by military units from the parent country and by American Indian allies.