Native America, European Exploration, Colonization
Jamestown was the first successful English colony in the future US, settled in Virginia
The mayflower compact was a set of rules for self-governance established by the Engish settlers traveling going the Mayflower.
Plymouth was the first settlement created in Massachusetts by Separatists who sought to create a religiously pure society.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut were the first written constitution in the colonies, giving government setup.
Tha Navigation acts were made to tighten the government's control over trade between England, the colonies, and the rest of the world.
Bacon's rebellion was the first rebellion in the American colonies and it was a threat to the Virginia government about a civil war.
The Molasses Act imposed a tax on molasses of sixpence per gallon on imports. It helped large plantation owners.
French and Indian War Begins
The French and Indian War began in the colonies when French settlers encroached on land claimed by the British.
The Albany Plan of Union was a plan to create a unified government for the thirteen colonies. This would be more of a centralized government.
Seven Years' War
The Seven Years' War also known as the French and Indian war was a war that started between the french and the colonists. Ended with the treaty of Paris
Proclamation Act of 1763
The Proclamation act of 1763 was made to stop migration west of the line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains.
Pontiac's Rebellion was a Native American rebellion against the British, lead by Pontiac.
Period 3: 1763-1800
American Revolution, the Confederal Era, Early Federal Period
Revenue Act of 1764
The Revenue act also known as the Sugar Act was passed to try to lower the smuggling of sugar. It also amended the 1733 sugar act.
The currency act was passed by parliament that regulated paper money. This decreased the value of money.
The Quartering Act required colonists to provide British soldiers with housing and food.
The Stamp Act imposed a direct tax on the British colonies and it required that many printed material in the colonies be made on London paper with a special stamp.
A tax on tea that was collected by the British and protested heavily by the colonists. Most notably in the Boston Tea party
First Continental Congress
delegates from each of the 13 colonies except for Georgia met in Philadelphia as the First Continental Congress to organize colonial resistance to Parliament's Coercive Acts
The Prohibitory Act cut off all trade between the American colonies and England.
American Revolutionary War
The American Revolutionary War was fought against Great Britain in order to gain independence.
Articles Of Confederation
The Articles of Confederation was an agreement between 13 states and served as the first constitution.
The 3/5 Compromise said enslaved people counted as 3/5 of a person in both representation and taxation.
Formation of the First Party System
two national parties competing for control of the presidency the Federalist Party, created largely by Alexander Hamilton, and the rival Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican Party, formed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, usually called at the time the Republican Party
The constitution became the official framework of the government for the U.S.
French Revolution War
The French Revolution was a period of time in France when the people overthrew the monarchy and took control of the government. It started with Bastille at first.
Formation of the First National Bank
The First National bank was made to help the country keep the money and have shareholders as well as have one currency.
Proclamation of Neutrality
Between the war of France and Britain George Washington made a proclamation of neutrality saying they would not help either one but they could trade with either or both of them if the U.S wished.
Jay's treaty was the 2nd treaty with Britain where the U.S agrees to pay all pre-war debt
Pinckney's Treaty was a treaty between Spain and the U.S where Spain gives the U.S the right of deposit in New Orleans.
Alien and Sedition Acts
Alien and Sedition Acts were passed and signed into law by President Adams. These laws included new powers to deport foreigners as well as making it harder for new immigrants to vote.
VA and KY Resolutions
Kentucky and Virginia wrote these in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts that said nullification would be allowed and the state could reuse to force a federal law if they disagreed.
Period 4 Part 1: 1800-1824
Jacksonian Democracy, Market revolution, New technology
Thomas Jefferson acquired about 827,000 square miles of land from France. This land was west of the Mississippi River.
Marbury V. Madison
Marbury v. Madison was a U.S. Supreme Court case that established the principle of judicial review in the United States,
Embargo of 1807
The Embargo Act of 1807 was a law it prohibited American ships from trading in all foreign ports.
Macon's Bill 2
The goal of Macon's Bill No. 2 was to pertain France and Britain to recognize American neutrality since France and Britain had been seizing American ships during the Napoleonic Wars. England starts attacking our ships.
War of 1812
War of 1812, conflict fought between the United States and Great Britain over British violations of U.S. maritime rights. It ended with the exchange of ratifications of the Treaty of Ghent
The commercial convention was a meeting between the UK and the U.S that would open up trade between the U.S and Britain.
The Tariff of 1816, is the first tariff passed by Congress with an explicit function of protecting U.S. manufactured items from overseas competition
The Rush–Bagot Treaty was a treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom limiting naval armaments on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain.
Land Act of 1820
The land act said that you couldn't buy land on credit or installment system for the next 4 years.
Compromise between the North and south about what states would come in as slave states or free states. It was the beginning of the conflict of slavery and the civil rights movement.
Liberia was established as a homeland for free enslaved people by the American Colonization Society.
Period 4 part 2 : 1824-1848
Women's Right, Temperance movements, Reform era.
Andrew Jackson introduces the spoils system, he gives civil servants to government jobs specifically because they are loyal to him and to his political party. Education, experience, and merit take a back seat
Tariff of Abominations
The Tariff of Abominations designed to protect the industry in the Northern United States and to protect the North's industries by taxing goods from Europe.
Indian Removal Act
Andrew Jackson signed this act where Native Americans were removed from their original land to federal land west of the Mississippi so that white settlers could move into their plan. This lead to the trail of tears and many deaths of native Americans.
Cherokee Nation V. Georgia
The Cherokee Nation sought a federal injunction against laws passed by the U.S. state of Georgia depriving them of rights within its boundaries, but the Supreme Court did not hear the case on its merits
Nat Turner's Rebellion
Nat Turner's Rebellion was a slave rebellion that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, led by Nat Turner. Rebel slaves killed from 55 to 65 people, at least 51 being white.
Andrew Jackson opposed the Bank of the United States so instead of recharting the second BUS he removed federal money and placed them in pet banks.
Worcester V. Georgia
In Worcester v. Georgia ruled that because the Cherokee Nation was a separate political entity that could not be regulated by the state, Georgia's license law was unconstitutional and Worcester's conviction should be overturned.
Panic of 1837
Profits, prices, and wages went down while unemployment went up. Pessimism abounded during the time. The panic had both domestic and foreign origin
Period 5: 1844-1877
Manifest Destiny, Reconstruction, Civil War
The Wilmot Proviso was an unsuccessful proposal to ban slavery in the acquired land from the Mexican war
Mexican- American War
a dispute over the border between Texas and Mexico resulted in armed conflict, and the Mexican–American War began, Americans believed it was their right to expand westward
Seneca Falls Convention
The Seneca Falls Convention was the first women's right convention held in the U.S. This lead to women suffrage rights.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo gave Mexicans the right to remain in United States territory or to move to Mexico
Compromise of 1850
This was a set of 5 bills that diminished the conflict of the States acquired by the Mexican American war and if they were to be free or slave states.
Dred V Scott
This decision enforced southerner opinions that slaves were not citizens but were property. Ruled that no African American could claim U.S citizenship.
First Battle of Bull Run
The First Battle of Bull Run, was the first major battle of the American Civil War and was a Confederate victory
Ex Parte Merryman
This Civil war case said that the president could not suspend Habeas corpus.
American Civil War
The American Civil war was fought between the northern United States and the southern United States. The civil war began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people.
Signed By Abraham Lincon the Homestead act encouraged westward migration. This provided 160 acres of public land and owners had to pay a fee and work the land for at least 5 years.
The Emancipation Proclamation was signed by Abraham Lincoln saying that all slaves were to be freed.
The Battle of the Wilderness, was the first battle of Lt. Gen. Ulysses S against Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War
The 13th amendment abolished slavery in the U.S.
Period 6: 1865-1898
Westward Expansion, Technology Innovation, Gilded Age
Ex Parte Milligan
This case said that civilians have to be put on trial in civilian courts.
Civil Rights Act
The Civil Rights Act of 1866 was the first United States federal law to define citizenship and affirm that all citizens are equally protected by the law.
Granted citizenship and equal rights to African Americans and to "all persons born or naturalized in the united states"
Fort Laramie Treaty
The treaty with the Sioux this treaty was to bring peace between the whites and the Sioux who agreed to settle within the Black Hills reservation in the Dakota Territory.
Granted African Americans the right to vote to say "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by race color or previous condition of servitude"
Panic of 1873
The Panic of 1873 was a financial crisis that triggered an economic depression in Europe and North America caused by over-expansion in the industry and the railroads and a drop in European demand for American farm products
Great Railroad Strike
The great railroad strike of 1877 was in response to Baltimore and Ohio railroad to cutting wages down for the 3rd time.
The Compromise of 1877
The compromise of 1877 was an unwritten compromise between the U.S congressman that settled the election of 1876. Pulling the troops out of the South and formally ending Reconstruction.
Chinese Exclusion Act
This was an immigration act that prevented Chinese laborers from immigrating to the U.S. This also prevented Chinese Nationals from eligibility for U.S Citizenship.
Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act
The act mandates that most positions within the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political patronage.
Bureau of Labor Established
The Bureau of Labor was established in order to uphold standards, regulate wages of workers and their protection.
The Wabash case said that only the federal government could regulate interstate trade
American Federation of Labor
The American Federation of labor was the first successful union that was limited to skilled workers. They wanted higher wages, fewer hours, and better working conditions.
The Dawes act allowed the president to subdivide Native American land and sell it off. They did this in order to weaken the role of tribal government and assimilate tribes.
Interstate Commerce Act
This was a federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry and destroy monopolies.
Wounded Knee Massacre
The wounded knee massacre was a domestic massacre of several Lakota Indians. These were killed by the Unites States most of which were women and children.
Sherman Antitrust Act
The Sherman Antitrust Act was U.S legislation that outlawed trusts and monopolies and cartels. This was to increase economic competitiveness.
Plessy V. Ferguson
The U.S Supreme Court held up the constitutionality of racial segregation laws saying "separate but equal".
During this time there were race riots and white supremacists decided to take matters in their own hand and killed many African Americans.
Treaty of Paris
The Treaty of Paris was a treaty signed by Spain and the United States, that ended the Spanish–American War. The U.S gained territory from Spain Puerto Rico, Guam, and Philippines.
De Lome Letter
This was a letter from a Cuban official to a Spain official that criticized President McKinley
Period 7 part 1: 1898-1918
Imperialism, American Spanish war, Immigration movement
Open Door Policy
This was a policy set by the U.S calling for the protection of equal privileges for all countries trading with China.
Northern Securities Case
The court ruled that the Sherman Antitrust Act was insufficient in regulating the monopoly
The Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty was signed by the United States and Panama, which established the Panama Canal Zone and the subsequent construction of the Panama Canal.
This was in order to protect Cuba and it said that the U.S was allowed to put a military base in Cuba.
The Hepburn act reinforced the ICC and said that it could establish a maximum rates nad they could no longer give free passes.
The Gentlemen's agreement was between the U.S and the Empire of Japan saying that the U.S would not impose restrictions on Japanese immigration and Japan would not allow any emigration
This was an agreement between the U.S and Japan that opened the open door policy to Japan
The Mann Act made it illegal to transport a woman across state lines for immoral reasons.
Chambers of Commerce Established
The chambers of Commerce was established in order to help trade and to speak for small businesses.
This tariff reduced the tariff rates from 40 percent to 26 percent.
World War 1
World war 1 was the culmination of several different reasons but the main reason that it started was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinard
Workers Comp. Act
The Workers Compensation Act only applied to the federal workers if they were hurt n the job, the employer will cover medical expenses.
Espionage Act of 1917
The Espionage Act of 1917 prohibited obtaining information, recording pictures, or copying descriptions of any information relating to the national defense with reason to believe that the information may be used for the injury of the United States or to the advantage of any foreign nation.
Hammer V. Dagenhart
This case said only states could make child labor laws.
The Sedition Act made it a crime to "willfully utter, print, write, or publish any disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language about the form of the Government of the United States"
Period 7 part 2: 1918-1945
Market, Money, Freedom
Schenck V. U.S
Schenck v. the United States, legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court, said that the freedom of speech protection afforded in the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment could be restricted if the words spoken or printed represented to society a “clear and present danger.”
the 18th amendment prohibits the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages for consumption:
League Of Nations
The League of Nations was founded. It was the first worldwide organization that focused mainly on maintaining world peace.
The 19th amendment said that all citizens had the right to vote no matter their sex and congress could enforce the law.
Emergency Quota Act
The Emergency Quota Act of 1921 established the nation's first numerical limits on the number of immigrants who could enter the United States.
This case is about a high school teacher that violate the law of not being able to teach about evolution
Kellogg Briand Pact
an international agreement in which signatory states promised not to use war to resolve "disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be
Stock Market Crash
The stock market crash of 1929 was the beginning of the Great Depression. This made many families fall into poverty because their investments became worthless.
Agricultural Adjustment Act
This paid farmers to produce less it was viewed as unconstitutional
Social Security Act
This was federal retirement py primarily for the elderly but can be for special disabilities.
It was an agreement between Britain and Germany that Germany could extend its territory into parts of Czechoslovakia.
World War 2
The Second World War was started by Germany in an unprovoked attack on Poland. Britain and France declared war on Germany after Hitler had refused to abort his invasion of Poland.
Pearl Harbor Attack
The Pearl Harbor attack was a military strike by the Japanese against the naval base at Pearl Harbor. 2403 people died at this attack
Lend Lease Act
this act set up a system that would allow the United States to lend or lease war supplies to any nation deemed "vital to the defense of the United States."
The Yalta Conference was a meeting between the 3 major leaders of the Allies FDR, Churchill, and Stalin. They talked about the future of Europe and Germany
Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The nuclear bombs dropped on Hiroshima & Nagasaki took the lives of millions of innocent citizens, obliterating two major Japanese cities.