Period4

APUSH Period 4

  • Second Great Awakening Began

    Second Great Awakening Began
    A reform movement that addressed injustices and alleviated suffering.
  • Eli Whitney Patented the Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney Patented the Cotton Gin
    Reshaped the economy of the South.
  • Thomas Jefferson Elected President

    Thomas Jefferson Elected President
    The first peaceful transfer of power between two political parties.
  • Gabriel Prosser Slave Revolt

    Gabriel Prosser Slave Revolt
    Demonstrated the desire for an end to slavery.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    Gained the port of New Orleans and control of the Mississippi River for Americans.
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    Established Judicial Review.
  • Beginning of Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Beginning of Lewis and Clark Expedition
    Sought knowledge of Native Americans, Louisiana Territory, and a quicker route to the Pacific Ocean.
  • Embargo Act

    Embargo Act
    Prohibited American ships from trading with foreign ports. Intended to punish Britain and France.
  • Chesapeake-Leopard Affair

    Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
    Demonstrated America's navy resistance to Britain.
  • James Madison Elected President

    James Madison Elected President
    First individual to succeed a president of the same party.
  • Non-Intercourse Act

    Non-Intercourse Act
    Lifted all embargoes except for Britain and France.
  • Francis Cabot Lowell Smuggled Memorized Textile Mill Plans From Manchester, England

    Francis Cabot Lowell Smuggled Memorized Textile Mill Plans From Manchester, England
    Initiated textile mills in America.
  • Death of Tecumseh

    Death of Tecumseh
    Led to the collapse of the Anglo-Indian alliance during the War of 1812.
  • The British Burn Washington D.C.

    The British Burn Washington D.C.
    Was designed to divert Americans from their attacks in Canada.
  • Treaty of Ghent Ratified

    Treaty of Ghent Ratified
    Ended the War of 1812.
  • End of the War of 1812

    End of the War of 1812
    Led to further separation between Federalists and Democratic-Republicans. Returned pre-war boundaries to both sides (Britain and America).
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of New Orleans
    Ended the War of 1812 and magnified Andrew Jackson as a leader.
  • Hartford Convention

    Hartford Convention
    Federalist party discussed their grievances and opposition to the War of 1812.
  • Era of Good Feeling Began

    Era of Good Feeling Began
    Pushed American purpose and unity.
  • James Monroe Elected President

    James Monroe Elected President
    Depicted how divided the Federalist party had become.
  • Rush-Bagot Treaty

    Rush-Bagot Treaty
    Eliminated British and American ships on the Great Lakes thus preventing another Anglo-American war.
  • Anglo-American Convention

    Anglo-American Convention
    Set the boundary between America and British North America at the forty-ninth parallel.
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    Adams-Onis Treaty
    Spain surrendered Florida to the U.S.
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland
    Allowed congress to establish a National Bank.
  • Panic of 1819

    Panic of 1819
    It marked the end of economic expansion following the War of 1812.
  • Dartmouth College V. Woodward

    Dartmouth College V. Woodward
    New Hampshire legislature could not impair Dartmouth College's contract.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Enlarged the U.S. without upsetting the political balance of "slave" and "free" states.
  • Denmark Vesey Slave Revolt

    Denmark Vesey Slave Revolt
    Demonstrated the continuous fight for the abolishment of slavery.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    Created separate spheres of European and American influence.
  • John Quincy Adams Elected President (Corrupt Bargain)

    John Quincy Adams Elected President (Corrupt Bargain)
    Several states did not conduct a popular vote, so state legislatures chose their electors -- a corrupt bargain.
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Gibbons v. Ogden
    The power to regulate interstate commerce encompassed the power to regulate navigation.
  • Erie Canal Completed

    Erie Canal Completed
    Gave western states direct access to the Atlantic Ocean. It also connected Lake Erie and the Great Lakes to the Hudson River.
  • Charles B. Finney Lead Religious Revivals in Western New York

    Charles B. Finney Lead Religious Revivals in Western New York
    Popularized religious revivals in America.
  • Robert Owen Founded the New Harmony Community

    Robert Owen Founded the New Harmony Community
    Attempts at establishing Utopian societies in Indiana.
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Tariff of Abominations
    Protected American Industry from foreigners.
  • Andrew Jackson Elected President

    Andrew Jackson Elected President
    Led to doubts about John Quincy Adam's win in 1824.
  • Lyman Beecher Delivered His "Six Sermons on Intemperance"

    Lyman Beecher Delivered His "Six Sermons on Intemperance"
    Preached against the sin of overindulgence.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    The law authorized [Andrew Jackson] to negotiate with southern Native American tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their lands.
  • Joseph Smith Founded the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints

    Joseph Smith Founded the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints
    Established a distinctive new religious tradition.
  • Worcester v. Georgia

    Worcester v. Georgia
    Deemed the Georgia criminal statute that criminalized non-Native Americans settling on Native American land as unconstitutional.
  • Andrew Jackson Vetoed the Re-Charter of the Second Bank of the United States

    Andrew Jackson Vetoed the Re-Charter of the Second Bank of the United States
    The rechartering of the Bank of the United States was deemed "incompatible to justice, sound policy, and the constitution," in accordance to Andrew Jackson.
  • Nullification Crisis Began

    Nullification Crisis Began
    South Carolina began nullifying the Tariffs of 1828.
  • Black Hawk War

    Black Hawk War
    Demonstrated the continuous conflict between Native Americans and colonists over westward expansion.
  • Creation of the Whig Party in the U.S.

    Creation of the Whig Party in the U.S.
    Demonstrated the support of Congress and the opposition to Andrew Jackson and the Democratic Party.
  • Treaty of New Echota

    Treaty of New Echota
    Provided the legal basis for the trail of tears, the forcible removal of the Cherokee Nation from Georgia.
  • Catherine Beecher Published Essays on the Education of Female Teachers

    Catherine Beecher Published Essays on the Education of Female Teachers
    Emphasized the importance of women teachers.
  • Transcendental Club's First Meeting

    Transcendental Club's First Meeting
    Gave rise to Transcendentalism, a philosophy that taught that divinity pervades all nature and humanity.
  • First McGuffey Reader Published

    First McGuffey Reader Published
    Foundational piece for American schooling.
  • Texas Declared Independence from Mexico

    Texas Declared Independence from Mexico
    Demonstrated resistance to Santa Anna, the president of Mexico.
  • Battle of the Alamo

    Battle of the Alamo
    Texas fought for independence from Mexico.
  • Martin Van Buren Elected President

    Martin Van Buren Elected President
    Pushed the strengthening of states' rights and sought to minimize federal authority.
  • Andrew Jackson Issued Specie Circular

    Andrew Jackson Issued Specie Circular
    Required payment for government land to be in gold and silver.
  • Horace Mann Elected Secretary of the Massachussetts Board of Education

    Horace Mann Elected Secretary of the Massachussetts Board of Education
    A Whig party member who warned against the perils of Democracy. He emphasized education in combating capitalism.
  • Panic of 1837

    Panic of 1837
    Caused profits, prices, and wages to go down while unemployment went up.
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson gave the "Divinity School Address"

    Ralph Waldo Emerson gave the "Divinity School Address"
    Perpetuated Transcendentalism and criticized Unitarianism.
  • Trail of Tears Began

    Trail of Tears Began
    Native tribes lost 1/4th of its population to cholera, starvation, coldness, and exhaustion.
  • John Humphrey Noyes Founded the Oneida Community

    John Humphrey Noyes Founded the Oneida Community
    A Utopian religious group that perpetuated communism.
  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty

    Webster-Ashburton Treaty
    Resolved border issues between the United States and Britain over Canada.
  • Treaty of Wanghia with China

    Treaty of Wanghia with China
    Diplomatic agreement between Qing-dynasty China and the United States.
  • James Polk Elected President

    James Polk Elected President
    Dark horse president during the war with Mexico.
  • Beginning of Manifest Destiny

    Beginning of Manifest Destiny
    Belief that the U.S. was destined by God to expand its dominion across the entire North American continent.
  • U.S. Annexation of Texas

    U.S. Annexation of Texas
    Was justified by the principle of Manifest Destiny.
  • Start of the Mexican War

    Start of the Mexican War
    Demonstrated the fight for control over Texas between Mexico and America.
  • Bear Flag Revolt

    Bear Flag Revolt
    Rebellion against the Mexican government and establishment of California as an independent republic.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    Added an additional 525,000 to U.S. Territory.
  • Gold Rush Began in California

    Gold Rush Began in California
    Sped up California's admission to the Union as the 31st state.
  • Henry David Thoreau Published Civil Disobedience

    Henry David Thoreau Published Civil Disobedience
    Emphasized the importance of individuality and self-reliance.
  • Gadsden Purchase

    Gadsden Purchase
    The U.S. agreed to pay Mexico 10 Million for 29,670 square mile portion of Mexico -- became Arizona and New Mexico.
  • Commodore Matthew Perry Entered Tokyo Harbor Opening Japan to the U.S.

    Commodore Matthew Perry Entered Tokyo Harbor Opening Japan to the U.S.
    Opened Japan to the West.
  • Kanagawa Treaty

    Kanagawa Treaty
    Opened the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American trade and established a U.S. consulate in Japan.