Apush Final 1

  • Triangular Trade

    Triangular Trade
    The first start of trading. Was between 3 countries which included the Colonies, Europe, and Africa. All are traded in the shape of a triangle. Europe traded items like sugar and coffee, while Africa traded enslaved people, and the Colonies traded rum and more. But with these came new crops, animals, materials, clothes, tools, and many more, but the more affected item that was traded was diseased. Diseases went everywhere and got many people sick and killed them since they were new, nothing heal
  • Samuel Adams

    Samuel Adams
    Was one of the Founders of the Sons of Liberty. Helped lead and fight in the American Revolution. One of the many who stood up for the colonist freedom and planned many rebellious acts. He helped organized the colonist to get ready for the revolution. 2nd president of the U.S. was announced by Washington himself. Though not a very good president he did keeps us from fighting with the French even though the people didn't feel like that was the right thing going under their backs but it was.
  • The Enlightenment

    The Enlightenment
    A movement in the 1700s that rejected traditional ways of life and looked for a more rational and scientific way to explain the world we live in. Encouraged people to question and test what they thought they knew or believed. They began to question the government, who has the right to rule, where that right comes from, does the government have any reponsablitles to the people, does man have " natural rights". Great surge of literacy in the colonies,publications increased, new religious context.
  • Thomas Jefferson

    Thomas Jefferson
    Wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence. The third president of the U.S., while president brought Lousiana in the Lousiana purchase. He was the first secretary of state when Washington was president. Founded the Democrat-Republicans and used to be called the Jeffersonian Republicans. He was an anti-federalist which meant he believed that the states should have a government and not have a central government. The election of 1800 is most known for his rival Hamilton choosing him.
  • The Albany Congress

    The Albany Congress
    Benjamin Franklin came up with the Albany congress and plan which was to have a public sway, discuss Native American allies, contact the advantage of the French, no colony is big enough to stand up to France, urging them to join together to defend each other, made a political cartoon showing this, 1st time someone suggests the colonies should be more than 13 colonies. 1st time they consider the idea of unity. These were the first steps to our now government and democray which we have now.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    Was signed by the three main countries, Britain, France, and Spain. This was the end of the seven-year war or also known as the French and Indian war between France and Great Britain.
  • The Stamp Act

    The Stamp Act
    One of the many acts that lead to the American revolution. The stamp act was where British soldiers came into the 13th colonies and stayed at the house of the people mostly the rich and government officials. The soldiers stayed and watch everything that the people do whoever they talked to and more. The people could not reject the soldiers, they were forced to have them stay at their houses. This followed the other acts like the sugar act, the tea act, and many many more affected and shaped us.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    While the British were guarding the capital the colonist would do anything to make them upset like throwing snowballs and protesting but one snowball had a rock and set one of the men off to shoot. Which then went out into a full massacre with both sides fighting but then a shot was heard known as the shot heard around the world. Five colonists were shot one being a freed black man. The British open fired on the colonist for being rude and annoying. Was one of the first acts that lead to freedom
  • Benjamin Franklin

    Benjamin Franklin
    Before the Revolution happened he tried to unify the colonies together in a famous political cartoon stating that if we don't join together we died. He also created the Albany plan which turned into the Albany Congress and can even be our first attempt at a free government run by the colonist. Even after the war, he helps draft the Constitution. Was a scientist, political person, and writer. Helped negotiate with the French so that we could use their resources and have an alliance with them.
  • The Sons and Daughters of Liberty

    The Sons and Daughters of Liberty
    American colonists who supported the patriot cause. They went out of their way to ignore the taxes and tariffs that were placed on items that they traded with other countries. The daughters made clothes, teas, and other items. While the sons were more out there and act on more extreme terms. One was the Boston Tea Party, where they ran out covered in the paint like native Americans and went to a ship and pushed all the tea off it. Both were important and protested these acts and taxes.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    While day drinking the Sons of Liberty thought it would be a good idea to throw all the tea off some ships. Led by Samuel Adams the sons painted their faces to look like Indians and ran almost naked to the ship dock and threw off all the tea on one ship. This was to go against the acts but also the monopoly that the King was playing in the colonies.
  • The Declaration of Independence

    The Declaration of Independence
    Thomas Jefferson wrote the first draft of this paper. An improvement from the Articles of Confederation and when tested it did not break. Known as America's Birth Certificate. Gives a reason for why the country was created and gives ideas, hopes, and more to the people. This set the final bar for declaring independence from Great Britain and becoming a free country. Was signed on the 2nd of August but congress accepted it on July 4th. It made everyone feel equal in a way. Still supports us today
  • " American Crisis"

    " American Crisis"
    Thomas Pain wrote the American Crisis to inspire confidence back into Washington's soldiers after losing so many wars. He also invoked emotions into the colonist to inspire them that they could win this war. He also told them that god was on their side and he would not make them do anything that he didn't do. In the end, he offers a grim vision of the future as the colonist yield to Britain, they must feel that they can defeat Britain in the Revolutionary war.
  • The Articles of Confederation

    The Articles of Confederation
    The colonies' first attempt at creating a government. Had many cracks in them. It was formed for the states but not for a strong central government since they didn't want to be like Great Britain. It did negotiate and passed many bills and treaties. Put all the power onto one branch and did not separate the power so that people could not hold so much power. Congress could not really control anything the states did everything. This was finally brought to light when Shay's Rebellion happened.
  • The Battle of Yorktown

    The Battle of Yorktown
    Washington since an opportunity to keep the British army ordered Lafayette to keep Cornwallis occupied at Yorktown. He then combined his army with 4,000 French troops under the command of Comte de Rochambeau and marched south as the French navy rushed to seize control of the Chesapeake Bay. British were sent to escape but ran into Hamilton and On the 19th Washington signed the final surrender terms just as a British fleet set sail. Later that day 8,00 troops surrendered in an open meadow.
  • The Constitution

    The Constitution
    Set the colonies up for their own government and rules. Created the amendments for the people, and created three branches of the government so that not one of them would have more power than the other or get high off that power. Allowed cases to be moved up the branches till eventually going to congress depending on how important the case seemed to be or if they could not come to an agreement. Also created the Bill of Rights which include the first ten amendments. Created new jobs at congress.
  • George Washington

    George Washington
    Know mostly for being the 1st president but actually started as an army general in the American Revolution and even fought when we were with the British. He was a great general and was one of the many reasons that we won the American Revolution, with his great plan of crossing Delaware on Christmas eve night. Even after the Revolution he was a great president and installed many rules that a president must follow. He even put both parties in his cabinet to see both sides of an issue.
  • Henry Clay

    Henry Clay
    He was a congressman, senator, speaker of the house, and many more things. But one thing he did was save the country many times. He saved us from falling apart and going against each other in multiple Civil Wars. He came up with the most compromises the country had to help both sides of the issue. He influenced every part of the country whether it was politically, economically, or just socially, he was one of many who helped shape this country into where it is today.After his death a war broke
  • Alexander Hamilton

    Alexander Hamilton
    Was a writer that made his way through serving in the American Revolution but also was known as Washington's right-hand man. He became secretary of state when Washington was president and was part of the cabinet. He is famously known for creating the first national bank and coming up with that plan, but also known for his rivalry with Thomas Jefferson. Hamilton also helps us in the revolution by making an ally with France. He wrote the federalist papers which helped defend the constitution.
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    Farmers rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey. Several officers were killed during the riots because they could not be stopped nor could anyone stop them. Finally, the U.S. army was sent out, led by Gergore Washington to stop these riots or a battle would happen between the two. While one rebellion showed a bad light this one shone a light on the Constitution that held up with the new government. The Constitution applied to fix all these riots and had rules that dealt with rebellions
  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    Alien and Sedition Acts
    During John Adams's presidency, when the people wanted him out of office he did many last things to make sure that the Federalists did not go out of power. These acts made it more difficult for immigrants or what he knew them as aliens to gain citizenship to become United States citizens. The process now took 5 to 14 years of waiting. While the sedation acts made it so that no one could criticize the government for any choice that it made. This was to stop the public from trashing Adams.
  • Transportation Revolution

    Transportation Revolution
    The steam boast was created by Robert Fulton and piloted the Clemont upstream from New York City to Albany, proving commercial possibilities. This enhances the rivers of the nation turning them into our first " Highways". While the canal system created links from towns to major rivers and lakes. The era of the canal ended with the proliferation of the cheaper and faster railroad. Also powered by the steam engine, the railroad makes it possible to easily ship and receive goods in cities.
  • Invention of the Steam Engine

    Invention of the Steam Engine
    A machine that turns the energy released by burning fuel into motion. Thomas Newcomen built the first crude but workable steam engine in 1712. James Watt vastly improved his device in the 1760s and the 1770s. Steam power was then applied to the machinery. It turned the wheels of mechanized factory production. it became the energy source for many new mechanized items and continued to evolve as the years goes on. using both water and wind to power it, using the natural rescouse do not create worse
  • Marbury v Madison

    Marbury v Madison
    Adams decided on his last day in office to send letters out so that the Federalists could stay in power. Madison finds these letters, Jefferson tells him to throw them out, this upsets John Marbury who was supposed to get a letter. He then sues Madison to get his position. Supreme Court sides with Madisons refusal to give Marbury the position based on fact of Judiciary Act was unconstitutional. The Supreme court claims the right of Judicial Rights to shot down anything that is unconstitutional
  • The Embargo of 1807

    The Embargo of 1807
    Great Britain and France were at war with each other again. Both countries traded with America which led to them saying that we could not trade with either Britain or France. Jefferson was president at this time and he wanted to remain neutral. He then imposed an embargo or a ban on all foreign trade with anyone, though this can be called one of his faults. He boasted all American manufacturing
  • The British Burn the Capital

    The British Burn the Capital
    August 1814, the British army invaded the United States and marches on Washington D.C during the war of 1812. With barely, any American soldiers lose a brief fight and razed the government buildings. During this presidency, James Madison and his wife Dolly Madison have just sat down for dinner when told to leave. Dolly refused and told them all to grab anything they deemed important to save. When the British soldiers went inside the Capital they ate the dinner saying it was still warm.
  • The Battle of New Orleans

    The Battle of New Orleans
    Andrew Jackson gathers random people to fight a war against Britain. America built a dirt wall and trench. Mauled the British army by hiding behind earthworks and cannons. British loss 2,042 people while America only loss 71. This was after the Treaty of Ghent was signed because no one in America knew the war of 1812 was over. Jackson will go down for winning the war but this also showed other countries that we are not to be messed with and we should be considered an actually country
  • The Rise of Democracy

    The Rise of Democracy
    This rosed from the federalists and anti-federalists. They thought everything had to be equal for people and that the states should have the rights and their government, some were not a big fan of this idea mostly the north. It happened right after Washington said that we do not need political parties. With this came the idea of camping for example giving buttons, speeches, and mudslinging each opponent. Having split parties meant that the government was going to be favored by one side.
  • The 2nd Great Awaking

    The 2nd Great Awaking
    There were two prominent people who started the 2nd great awaking named Charles Finney and Lyman Beecher. They started free will and worked to the point of the condition of your soul, the Churches were the vehicle of social change and favored women since they had the influence of their church views and opinions on their families, especially their kids. This made a more significant role for women in the community. They also condition for abolition to get rid of slavery. They also have a voice.
  • The Mexican-American war

    The Mexican-American war
    Broke after the Almo when president Jame K Polk sent men to the unclaimed territory between Mexico and America the men were then killed on that land and the president started saying that " American men were killed on American land" . Revenge is now wanted among the states. American troops flood across the territory and win battle after battle. They pushed American troops and captured the capital Mexico City. After losing they sign the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Ends up expanding the states.
  • Seneca Falls

    Seneca Falls
    Was the very first women's convention where they could vote and talk about their opinions. Even some men came and listen to them. This was during the second Great Awaking Women of all ages could go to New York and discuss their suffrage and how men were unfair to them. They also created a new constitution stating that free men and women shall get the same rights as one another. Though they were laughed at it was the first step to the Women's rights movement which got them the right to vote.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    Starting when Kansas had not chosen whether to be a free or slave state so both the north and south tried to persuade it into being what they wanted. When the election came a bunch of people put in fake votes which lead it to be a slave state. This led to John Brown who said it was God's duty for him to get rid of slavery, going to Kansas finding a cabin of families who supported slavery taking them out of their houses separating the men from the women and chopping them into pieces with a sword.
  • Abraham Lincoln

    Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. Sprouting from the Whig party it sadly collapsed and is now called the Republicans. Lincoln lost and lost to his opponent Stephen Douglas. First lost to him for a seat in the U.S senate. In the 1860 election, the south was worried about Lincoln getting elected. He was against slavery but he knew he could not end it. He wanted to be like Washington and untied the country back together. He wanted to hold the country and be one again.
  • The Anaconda Plan

    The Anaconda  Plan
    First major plan in the Civil War. Was a strategy used for the Union, created by General Scott. This involved cutting off three major areas in the south, they wanted to control the Mississippi river and control the South ports so they could not trade their cotton and basically, this would starve the South out and make them either forfeit the war or die. The Union could also capture the southern capital Richmond also, Only the south was ready and the Union did not win a war for 2 years.
  • The first battle of Bull Run

    The first battle of Bull Run
    This was the first battle that started the Civil War. The Northern people thought it would be an easy and simple battle and would not last very long. Their plan was to attack the capital, take it over and the war is done and over with. People even came and watch the war, having picnics so they would not miss a thing. When the war started the north undertook but the south was not expecting to lose the war to the south. The South had a much greater military generals who were passed through family.
  • The Homestead Act

    The Homestead Act
    We were faced with two problems overpopulation and what to do with the west. Lincoln came up with this act which gave anyone who wanted it 168 acres of land but it came with rules, they had to live on it for 5 years, farm it, and improve it. This mostly appeals to the lower class since they didn't have much and can almost have a new start. But it resolved the problems by making the west more productive and helped the immigration problem by moving the people out west. Happend during the civil war
  • The Pacific Railroad Act

    The Pacific Railroad Act
    Started during the Civil War when Lincoln wanted to connect the east and west coast. To help create a more industrialized way in the west and have more people move out there due to overpopulation. It also helped with trade and moving products back and forth much easier. The railroad also allowed the people who built it had gained more land and live on it. Brought opportunities to all and they gained more access to new immigration out west. The government even granted land for colleges.
  • African-American Recruiting Poster

    African-American Recruiting Poster
    During the Civil War, the Union would recruit free blacks to join the army. With this came no promotion opportunities or career improvements for them but they also get paid as soldiers but less than regular soldiers. Their job was to do the dirty work that no one else wanted to do like digging trenches. The famous 54 was a group of blacks led by general colonel shawl who was tough and treated them like any other soldier but he stood up for them and got them the same things as white soldiers.
  • Lincoln's 10% plan

    Lincoln's 10% plan
    Lincoln felt that the nation could only be unified again if there were no feelings of animosity. His plan was the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction. Pardons would be given to any confederate leader who swore under oath to the union and constitution, and that also agreed to emancipation. Any state could be readmitted once at 10% of its voters had sworn loyalty oaths. States also had to form new state constitutions that outlawed slavery. This was after the Civil war had ended, unifying US
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    A large battle in the Civil War took place in southern Pennsylvania from July 1 to July 3, 1863. This battle was the official battle in which the North won the Civil War. But also known for general Ulysses S. Grant. Who led us to win the war after many horrible generals. The bloodiest battle of this war and almost any war. The whole Civil War had the most casualties of any war and to this day one of the bloodiest wars ever killing many Americans. This battle alone was one of the deadliest.
  • Sherman's march to the sea

    Sherman's march to the sea
    A sixty-mile-wide swath of destruction across southern states starved the southern states of no supplies or anything. They burnt everything they marched by plantations, towns, anything. Break all commutation and railroad ways. With this Sherman was deadly and the southern people fled. This was going on at the same time as Gettysburg which is where the north won the civil war. The people felt they morally boasted with Sherman. Feeling great and powerful Sherman and north had the confidence.
  • Wade-Davis Bill

    Wade-Davis Bill
    Most Republicans in congress, many of them Radical Republicans felt that Lincoln's plan was too lenient on the southern rebels. 50% of a state's vote had to swear an oath of loyalty to the union. Only non-confederates were allowed to vote and hold any political offices. Lincoln refused to sign the bill stating that it was too harsh on the southern people and states. Sadly though he was assassinated in Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth. After this vice president Andrew Johnson took over.
  • Freedman's Bureau

    Freedman's Bureau
    This was created after the Civil War during Reconstruction to help the freed blacks get on their feet and start owning their own things. Its main goal was to help newly freed blacks transition to a life of Freedom. They did this by starting schools, negotiating labor contracts, securing loans, helping find and purchase land, and even providing legal aid for them. This also helped the poor southern community after the Civil War since most of their stuff was either destroyed or was burned.
  • The 14th Amendment

    The 14th Amendment
    Passed by Republicans but was nervous to pass it. It was made to treat all people the same and have the same rights. All people born in the U.S. were full citizens. All people that were naturalized( complete the immigration/citizenship process) were full citizens. All U.S. states were required to protect US citizens with full protection through the laws and legal process. Former confederate leaders could no longer hold state or federal offices. States could not deny the people the voting rights
  • Congress Reconstruction

    Congress Reconstruction
    The Reconstruction Acts of 1867. These stripped the southern states of their political power and divided them into five military districts which were placed under the jurisdiction of the union army. They stated that if a southern state wanted to rejoin the union, it had to ratify the 14th Amendment and create a state constitution that guaranteed all men the right to vote. But this was also the time of Andrew Johnson's impeachment when congress passed the Tenure of Office act, after he is gone.
  • Life in the Reconstruction South

    Life in the Reconstruction South
    The south had been almost completely decimated by the Civil War. The labor sources were lost with emancipation, the railroad system was destroyed, Sherman had destroyed many if not all of the farmlands in the deep south, and 1in 10 men were killed during the Civil War. Many southern whites turned to violence in an effort to regain control of the government again. This leads to many racist groups the most popular being the Ku Klux Klan, the main idea of all this was Redemption, reconstruction bye
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    A system of laws ensuring that social segregation was happing in transportation, accommodations, schools, courts, and more. This arose in the southern states quickly. Many democrats excluded black voters. The North nor the federal government did little to nothing to prevent this from happing and protect the blacks from this happening as said in the 14th Amendment. This could be considered a step up from the black codes and was the main reason the civil rights movement happened.
  • The Dawes Act

    The Dawes Act
    It passed in 1887 and was similar to the homestead act but for Native Americans. Offered 160 acres to each head of native American family. They took advantage of this change to have land again. Opportunity for the Native Americans. Many whites believed this to be a generous act from the government, granting land. Religious and humanitarian groups or " Friends of the Indians" urged the natives to take advantage. The government really was stealing and getting rid of reservations lands.
  • Americanization of the Native Americans

    Americanization of the Native Americans
    Taking Native American kids as young as six and forcing them to attend boarding schools to help Americanize them. They were forced to change their name, cut their hair, give up all cultural beliefs, and were forced to speak English. This broke ties with their tribes and served their loyalty to their family and tribes. America outlawed all Indian practices and religion. Once the kids returned they had to fine their own homes and this cut off the generations of Indians quickly after this happen.
  • Plessy V. Fergusen

    Plessy V. Fergusen
    In 1896 the United States Supreme Court ruled in a 7-1 vote, that " separate but equal" accommodations on a railroad cart conformed to the 14th Amendment's guarantee of equal protection. That decision was used to justify segregating all public facilities, including schools. Most school districts, ignoring Plessy's " equal" requirement, neglected their black schools. This ruling held until 1954 when Brown V. Board of Eduction of Topeka, Kansas and the Supreme Court ruled that separate was bad.