Aprtheid Timeline

  • Act of Union

    Act of Union
    United under one Government in a legislative union under the Crown of Great Britain and Ireland
  • The SAANC is founded

    The SAANC is founded
    Their goal was to unite Africans and to help them get the right to vote
  • ANCYL: Manifesto

    ANCYL: Manifesto
    The ANC Youth Leagye writes and publishes the manifesto
  • NP Wins

    NP Wins
    The National Party won by propagating the apartheid law.
  • National Party

    National Party
    Reunited National Party joined, nstituted Apartheid Laws became such a powerful party that they dominated South African politics until the 1990s
  • The Prohibition of Mixed Marraiges/ Immorality Act

    The Prohibition of Mixed Marraiges/ Immorality Act
    Prohibited marriages between "whites" and "non-whites"
  • The ANC Youth League Programme of Action was Implemented by the ANC

    The ANC Youth League Programme of Action was Implemented by the ANC
    The ANC Youth League Programme of Action was implemented by the ANC. Nelson Mandela and other young nationalists created the ANC Youth League. It emphasized the rights of African people to self-determination and laid out plans for strikes, boycotts, and civil disobedience.
  • Population Registration Act

    Population Registration Act
    Whites were privileged while other races were discriminated against based on their skin color.
  • Group Areas Act

    Group Areas Act
    title of three acts of the Parliament of South Africa enacted under the apartheid government of South Africa. The acts assigned racial groups to different residential and business sections in urban areas in a system of urban apartheid.
  • Suppresion of Communism Act

    Suppresion of Communism Act
    designed to arrest this tendency and to suppress the ideas that would lead to the achievement of political power by the Africans.
  • Stock Limitations Act

    Stock Limitations Act
    this "was presented by the state as a device for land betterment but its practical significance was the forced removal or slaughter of cattle belonging to african [sic!] reservists." However, they make no explicit mention as to a date for this act.
  • May Day Strike (SACP)

    May Day Strike (SACP)
    The ANC, SACP, ACPO co-ordinate a May Day strike.
    The police opened fire on the protesters killing _18__ and wounding 30 people
  • Bantu Self Government Act/ Authorites Act

    Bantu Self Government Act/ Authorites Act
    Divided territories designated for blacks into “bantustans” (or “homelands”) based upon 10 tribal groupings.
  • Seperate Representation of Voters Act

    Seperate Representation of Voters Act
    Introduced in South Africa to enforce racial segregation,
  • Pass Laws Act

    Pass Laws Act
    Required black South Africans over the age of 16 to carry a pass book
  • Defiance Campaign of (ANC)

    Defiance Campaign of (ANC)
    The largest scale non-violent resistance ever seen in South Africa. More than 8,000 people across towns in South Africa went to jail for defying apartheid laws.
  • National Day of Protest

    National Day of Protest
    The Defiance Campaign was launched on 26 June 1952, the date that became the yearly National Day of Protest and Mourning. The South African police were alerted about the action and were armed and prepared. In major South African cities, people and organizations performed acts of defiance and civil disobedience.
  • Bantu Education Act

    Bantu Education Act
    was a South African segregation law that legislated for several aspects of the apartheid system. Its major provision enforced racially-separate educational facilities.
  • The Natives Resettlement Act

    The Natives Resettlement Act
    permitted the removal of blacks from any area within and next to the magisterial district of Johannesburg by the South African government.
  • Seperate Amenites Act

    Seperate Amenites Act
    The Act legalized the racial segregation of public premises, vehicles and services. Only public roads and streets were excluded from the Act.
  • Publc Safety Act

    Publc Safety Act
    Empowered government to declare a state of emergency causing an increase of penalties and fines .
  • Freedom Charter Campaign (ANC)

    Freedom Charter Campaign (ANC)
    United people of all racial origins in a common struggle to end apartheid and to establish a non-racial democratic state.
  • Congress of the People

    Congress of the People
    The Congress of the People was held over two days in a field in kiptown ust outside Johannesburg.
  • The Womens March

    The Womens March
    The marchers' aims were to protest the introduction of the Apartheid pass laws for black women in 1952 and the presentation of a petition to the then Prime Minister.
  • Pan Africanist Congress (PAC)

    Pan Africanist Congress (PAC)
    On 21 March 1960 the PAC launched a peaceful anti pass campaign across the country. Members were called upon to leave their passes at home, gather at police stations and present themselves for arrest.
  • Sharpeville Massacre

    Sharpeville Massacre
    There were 249 casualties in total, including 29 children. Many were shot in the back as they fled
  • Winds of Change

    Winds of Change
    A film that mentioned the Soviet Union and was made into a song.
  • Resolution (UN Resolution)

    Resolution (UN Resolution)
    condemning South Africa's racist apartheid policies and calling on all its members to end economic and military relations with the country
  • The RIvonia Trial and Mandelas "I am prepared to die" speech

    The RIvonia Trial and Mandelas "I am prepared to die" speech
    16 leaders of the African National Congress had been arrested and were in trial and Mandela made a speech to the public stating that he was “prepared to die”.
  • Formation of the African Resistance Movement (ARM)

    Formation of the African Resistance Movement (ARM)
    The African Resistance Movement (ARM) was a group made up largely by white students who had been part of the National Union of South African Students (NUSAS).
  • Bombing of Johanessburg Station by Frederick John Harris

    Bombing of Johanessburg Station by Frederick John Harris
    On 24 July 1964, Frederick John Harris, a member of ARM, planted a time bomb in the Johannesburg station. One person was killed and 22 were injured. Both ARM and the ANC condemned his action.
  • Prime Minister assasinated

    Prime Minister assasinated
    Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd is stabbed to death by a messenger during a parliamentary meeting in Cape Town.
  • South Africa expelled form UN

    South Africa expelled form UN
    The United Nations General Assembly on 1974 suspended South Africa from participating in its work, due to international opposition to the policy of apartheid. South Africa was re-admi
  • ANC ban is lifted

    ANC ban is lifted
    President F. W. de Klerk today lifted a 30-year ban on the African National Congress, the movement that has been fighting to bring down white minority rule in South Africa, and promised that Nelson Mandela, who has been imprisoned for nearly 28 years, would be freed soon.