Apple History

By KarenmM
  • 1967

    Jef Raskin (Mac creator) writes Ph.D. thesis here he coins the term "QuickDraw" for the first time.
  • 1968

    Bil Fernandez introduces hisbuddy Steve Jobs to his neighbor Steve Wozniak.
  • 1970

    Xerox opens Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), and employs the greatest minds in the field to research advances in computer science.
  • 1972

    Jobs becomes one of the first 50 employees at Atari, under Atari founder Nolan K.
  • 1973

    PARC finishes work on the $40,000 Alto. It becomes the first true PC, and first GUI-operated computer and used the first laser printer.
  • 1975

    Works build his own microcomputer, he begins on the Apple I.
  • 1976

    Woz finishes work on the Apple I.
  • 1976

    Apple was created by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Ronald Wayne.
  • 1976

    Apple I introduced $666.66 at the Home Brew Computer Club meeting.
  • 1976

    Woz shows an Apple II prototype to Commodore representatives, they turns him down.
  • 1976

    Byte Shop order finished 1 day before deadline. Ron Wayne leaves company.
  • 1976

    Jobs asks his former take Mike Markkula as his boss who becomes a key person in Apple's history for over twenty years.
  • 1976

    Commodore buys MOS Technology, the company who makes the processors powered by the Apple I and II.
  • 1977

    Apple Computer, Inc. is officially created after the company is incorporated.
  • 1978

    Jef Raskin joins Apple Computer exactly one year after becoming incorporated.
  • 1978

    Jobs' daughter, Lisa Nicole, is born
  • 1979

    Daniel Fylstra writes CalcuLedger and offers it to Apple and Microsoft for $1 million. Both turn him down.
  • 1979

    The Lisa Project, a $2000 Apple III-like computer, begins.
  • 1979

    Apple liscenses AppleSoft BASIC from Microsoft for $21,000
  • 1979

    Jobs takes his first visit to PARC in exchange for allowing Xerox to invest $1 million in Apple.
  • 1979

    Jobs returns to PARC with several vice presidents and management heads.
  • 1980

    Lisa project revamped to include all the features of the Alto,
  • 1980

    Apple get 15 Xerox employees to work on the Lisa Project, jobs hire it
  • 1980

    Apple goes public. Apple's share rises 32% that day, making 40 employees instant millionares. Jobs, the largest shareholder, makes $217 million dollars alone. Markkula makes $203 million that day, an incomprehensible 220,700% return on investment . Neither Jef Raskin, nor Daniel Kottke (one of the original Apple employees) were allowed to buy stock and so made no money during this time.
  • 1981

    Mike Markkula becomes president of Apple.
  • 1981

    Jobs forces himself into the Macintosh Project, after earlier dismissing and often trying to cancel it.
  • 1981

    IBM introduces the IBM PC for $1565. With 16k RAM, a 5.25" floppy drive, running the first version of MS-DOS, it is a rather pitiful computer that rarely reached the efficiency of the Apple II released 4 years earlier. Nevertheless, it becomes an instant success.
  • 1982

    After Jobs forces Raskin out of the Macintosh project, he officially resigns.
  • 1982

    Jobs convinces Bill to write a BASIC interpreter for the Mac. This will become the failed MS BASIC.
  • 1983

    JObs convinces John Sculley, tehn president of PepsiCo, to become president and CEO of Apple. JObs convinces John Sculley, tehn president of PepsiCo, to become president and CEO of Apple.
  • 1983

    Apple enters Fortune 500 at #411 after only five years of existence. It becomes the fastest growing company in history.
  • 1983

    The Apple III+ is introduced for $2995. It replaced the defective Apple III models to apple company
  • 1983

    IBM sells 1 million IBM PCs, and introduces the big flop IBM PC/Jr. Bill Gates first announces Windows, and how the GUI will revolutionize the PC. Microsoft will not release it for 4 more years.
  • 1983

    Lisa released without bundled software for $6995.
  • 1984

    Apple IIc introduced at the Apple Forever Conference in San Diego. And Apple III+ is finally discontinued.
  • 1984

    Apple airs "1984" during the third quarter of Super Bowl XVIII
  • 1984

    Apple IIc wins Industrial Design Excellence Award.
  • 1985

    Apple IIe enchanced introduced.
  • 1985

    Jobs tries to force Sculley out of Apple by forming a coup against him.
  • 1985

    Jobs is stripped of all his duties. He job description becomes "global thinker", and his remote office dubbed "Siberia".
  • 1985

    Apple renames the Lisa 2/10 the Macintosh XL, and discontinues all other Lisa configurations.
  • 1985

    Jobs distributes his resignation letter to Apple and several other news media figures.
  • 1985

    Apple sells 500,000 Macintosh models.
  • 1985

    Apples files suit against Jobs. Apple claims Jobs knows sensitive technology secrets that he might use in his new company.
  • 1986

    Apple settles law suit against Jobs out of court. Jobs agrees not to hire any Apple employees for 6 months, and to always make computers that are more powerful than anything Apple has to offer...yes, you read right.
  • 1986

    Apple sells but one of his 6.5 million shares of stock to begin NeXT, Inc.
  • 1986

    The Apple IIGS is introduced for $999.
  • 1987

    Apple celebrates its tenth birthday. A coffee table book, So Far, later chronicles the experiences of the last ten years.
  • 1987

    Apple renames the Lisa 2/10 the Macintosh XL, and discontinues all other Lisa configurations.
  • 1987

    Apple declares 6 different Mac Pluses the 1 milionth Mac. Raskin is presented with one of them, which he still uses
  • 1988

    The Apple IIc+, the last in the Apple II line, is introduced. GS/OS System 1, a Mac-like GUI for the IIGS, is introduced.
  • 1989

    Apple Corps., the Beatle's record company, files a trademark infringement suit against Apple.
  • 1989

    Apple rents space at the Logan landfill and trashes the remaining 2,700 Lisa models
  • 1989

    Apple rents space at the Logan landfill and trashes the remaining 2,700 Lisa models.
  • 1989

    The NeXTstep OS is introduced. It will eventually be bought by Apple and used in its next generation OS, Rhapsody.
  • 1991

    In 1991 Apple continued to build on its founders’ guiding principle—that the individual, not the mainframe, should be at the center of the computing universe.
  • 1991

    IBM sent a letter of intent to Apple, saying it would help finish Pink and liscense its RISC processor in the works (PowerPC).
  • 1991

    The Apple/IBM alliance becomes official. Among the many agreements, Apple and IBM will create PowerPC-based machines and produce two companies, Taligent and Kaleida. The former a now-defunct company that worked on the now-defunct Pink, the latter a company that produces multimedia tools.
  • 1991

    Apple settled suit with Apple Corps, agreeing to pay $26.5 million.
  • 1993

    Jobs lays off 280 of his 530 NeXT employees on "Black Tuesday". Sells his hardware line to Canon, and tries to become a Microsoft-like company by concentrating only on the NeXTstep OS for the Intel x86 platform
  • 1993

    Michael Spindler replaces Sculley as CEO of Apple
  • 1993

    Apple liscenses PowerPC ROMs to DayStar Digital, so they can begin creating PPC Upgrade cards. DayStar also later becomes one of the first Mac OS liscense holders, as well an authority in multiprocessing PowerPC-based Macs.
  • 1993

    Sculley resigns from Apple, joins the ailing Spectrum.
  • 1994

    Apple releases the 66 MHz PowerPC Upgrade Card, the first commercial PowerPC product.
  • 1994

    announces the Copland Project (defunct Mac OS 8, superceded by Rhapsody.
  • 1994

    Apple releases the first PowerMacs (6100/60, 7100/66, 8100/80) using the PowerPC 601.
  • 1994

    Apple releases System 7.5, with a bunch of new features everybody already had as shareware.
  • 1994

    IBM and Motorola ship 66 MHz and 80 MHz 603, and a 100 MHz 604. PReP (a.k.a. CHRP, PPCP) Project begins, which will be able to run Windows 95/NT and the Mac OS in one PowerPC machine.
    • An object oriented version of Windows NT (3.5?) is released.
  • 1995

    Apple releases the first PCI Mac, the $5000 PowerMac 9500/120 using the new Tsunami motherboard.
  • 1996

    Spindler was asked to resign as CEO and was replaced by Gil Amelio, the former president of National Semiconductor
  • 1996

    Apple liscenses the Mac OS to Motorola, allows authority to subliscense for the first time.
  • 1996

    Apple celebrates its 20th birthday. The 20th Anniversary Macintosh is announced to commerate the occasion.
  • 1996

    Apple buys NeXT, Inc. for $430 million. Development of Windows NT for PowerPC stops.
  • 1996

    : Apple liscenses Mac OS to IBM. PowerPC 603e and 604e reach 200 MHz.
  • 1996

    Apple kills Copland Project. IBM and Motorola demo their CHRP prototypes. The third generation of PowerPC processors (G3) is announced. Motorola, Apple, and IBM predict an exponential gain in performance.
  • 1997

    Mac OS 7.6, the first part of Apple's new OS strategy, is released exactly 13 years after the introduction of the Macintosh.
  • 1997

    Steve Jobs, back as an "advisor" due to the NeXT deal, announces the future of Rhapsody, Mac OS 8, Allegro, and Sonata, the Mac, NeXT, and Apple in general at Macworld Expo.
  • 1976

    Apple Computer Company is founded by Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs, and Ron Wayne.
  • 1997

    former "advisor" Steve Jobs becomes "de facto head", announces Microsoft alliance at the Macworld Expo in Boston. Among the agreements are a cross-platform liscense, $150 million invested in Apple stocks, an undisclosed ammount of money for Apple (rumored to be $800 million), the production of MS Office for 5 years, and MS Internet Explorer as the default browser for the Mac OS.
  • 1997

    Apple buys Power Computing's liscense and core assets, halts all CHRP liscensing. Motorola suspends shipment of StarMax 6000, the first CHRP Mac.
  • 1997

    formerly "de facto head" Steve Jobs becomes "interim CEO" of Apple. Jobs remains CEO to this day.
  • 1997

    Apple seeds Rhapsody Developer Release 1.0. The new next-generation OS holds great promise for the computer industry
  • 1997

    At worldwide "Apple Event", Apple releases the PowerMac G3. The Apple Store is also introduced, and a deal is made with CompUSA for an "Apple store within the store". Though this greatly increases Mac sales, many disapointed by lack of bigger news.
  • 1998

    After a little over 5 years, the Newton/eMate line has been discontinued by Apple. Instead, mobile-based products using Mac OS technology will be developed by 1999.
  • 1998

    Apple "stores within stores" open in all of the 149 CompUSA locations across the country, answering the cry of many Mac users who loathe the patheticly small, incomplete, and out of stock Apple sections most retail computer stores provide.
  • 1998

    Apple announces the iMac and new PowerBook G3 models. Two of the most innovative machines I've ever seen
  • 1998

    Jobs announces a projected $47 million profit for the first quarter at Macworld Expo, finally bringing Apple back to profitability.
  • 1998

    Apple announced their third consecutive profit, $101 million, higher than anyone had expected. "Apple is back" stories surface all over Internet, print, and TV. Macworld Expo higlights the many features of the iMac, and reveals Apple's software and hardware strategies for the rest of the millenium.
  • 1998

    Apple announces 150,000 preorders for the iMac. Apple goes over $40/share, highest stock market price in three years.
  • 1998

    Apple announces its first profitable year since 1995. Mac OS 8.5 is released to an ecstatic audience, promised Copland features appear. It is found that 43% of all iMac buyers are new to the Macintosh platform, an unimaginable number of new prospective buyers.
  • 1994

    Apple licenses the Mac OS to Radius and Power Computing.
  • 2001

    Apple had a banner year for the company since this was the year that they introduced the Apple iPod, which is one of those devices that have many other companies copying, though none can be as good as the original.
  • 2003

    Apple unveiled the iTunes Music Store, which would sell individual songs through the iTunes application, for 99 cents each.
  • 2007

    removed the world computer
  • 2008

    is the most admired Company
  • 2009

    is the most admired Company
  • 2010

    Apple had 46.600 full time employes and 2.800 temporary employes. And had $65.23 billion annual sales.
  • 2010

    is the most admired Company
  • 2013

    Apple released iTunes for Windows.