Windows 98

OS Through the time

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  • Amiga OS 2.0

    AmigaOS 2.0 was released with the launch of the Amiga 3000 in 1990
    Features a interactive type of OS
    It's a GUI ambient (Competing with the Apple Macintosh)
    Can use basic multi-task with widgets created by the user/developer
    Can use a network but needs an Ethernet card
    Uses a PowerPC 68030 processor at either 16 or 25 MHz and 2 MB of RAM
    "Fast RAM" can be increased by fitting DIP (up to 4 MB) or ZIP DRAM chips (up to 16 MB) available in two varieties, Page Mode or Static Column
  • Windows 3

    Windows 3.0 (by Microsoft), a graphical environment. It became the first widely successful version of Windows and a rival to Apple Macintosh and the Commodore Amiga on the graphical user interface front.
    The MS-DOS Executive file manager/program launcher was replaced with the icon-based Program Manager and the list-based File Manager.
    Windows 3.0 includes a Protected/Enhanced mode which allows Windows applications to use more memory in a more painless manner than their DOS counterparts could.
  • Linux

    The Linux kernel is a free and open-source, monolithic, Unix-like operating system kernel.
    Created by Linus Torvalds.
    Highly portable.
    The Linux kernel provides preemptive scheduling under certain conditions.
    Grouped a lot of developers for the development of the project.
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  • Windows 2000

    Windows 2000 is an operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
    Mainly written in C++, Windows 2000 is by far one of the largest commercial projects ever built.
  • Windows 2000 characteristics

    • Support for FAT16, FAT32, and NTFS.
    • Multilingual version allows for User Interface and help to switch, based on login.
    • Includes broader support for high-speed networking devices, including native ATM and cable modems.
    • Supports USB (Universal Serial Bus) and IEEE 1394 for greater bandwidth devices.
  • Windows 2000 characteristics

    • Active Directory improves manageability, enables security, and extends interoperability with other operating systems.
    • Provides high-level interfaces for database access and Active Directory services.
    • Supports 8-way SMP (symmetric multiprocessing) and up to 8 GB of RAM.
  • Mac OS X version 10.0 (Cheetah)

    Is the first major release of Mac OS X (later named OS X and then macOS), Apple’s desktop and server operating system. Mac OS X 10.0 was released on March 24, 2001 for a price of US$129. It was the successor of the Mac OS X Public Beta and the predecessor of Mac OS X 10.1.
  • Mac OS X 10.0 features

    The Dock. The Dock was a brand new way to organize OS X's applications.
    The Mail application. The Mail application is a way to receive and send emails.
    The Address Book. It is a virtual address book for the Mac.
    The Aqua interface. It is the visual interface theme of the Mac OS X operating system.
    AppleScript. It is a scripting language for the Mac.
    Preview: Support for viewing PDFs.
  • Mac OS X 10.0 characteristics

    Mac OS X introduced the new Darwin Unix-like core and a completely new system of memory management. The requirements were high for the time, since the standard RAM on a computer was 64 MB, while the OS required 128 MB. Supported Computers: Power Macintosh G3 Beige, G3 B&W, G4, G4 Cube, iMac, PowerBook G3, PowerBook G4, iBook
    128 MB (unofficially 64 MB minimum)
    Hard Drive Space:
    1,500 MB (800 MB for the minimal install)
  • Mac OS X 10.0 limitations

    File-sharing client — The system can only use TCP/IP,[4] not AppleTalk, to connect to servers sharing the Apple Filing Protocol. It cannot use SMB to connect to Windows or Samba servers. File-sharing server — As a server, the system can share files using only the Apple Filing Protocol (over TCP/IP), HTTP, SSH, and FTP.
  • Windows XP

    Windows XP is a personal computer operating system produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems. It was released to manufacturing on August 24, 2001, and broadly released for retail sale on October 25, 2001.
  • Windows XP characteristics

    • Windows XP Professional is built on the proven code base of Windows NT and Windows 2000, which features a 32-bit computing architecture and a fully protected memory model
    • Enhanced device driver verifier : Building on the device driver verifier found in Windows 2000, the Windows XP Professional will provide even greater stress tests for device drivers.
    • Windows Security Center :: Easily manage security resources with this single, unified view of key settings, tools, and access to resources
  • Mac OS X Panther (version 10.3)

    Mac OS X Panther (version 10.3) is the fourth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple’s desktop and server operating system. It followed Mac OS X 10.2 and preceded Mac OS X Tiger. Apple released Panther on October 24, 2003.
  • Mac OS X 10.3 characteristics

    • Fast User Switching, that allows a user to remain logged in while another user logs in feature.
    • Fax support built-in.
    • X11 support built-in.
    • TextEdit support for Microsoft Word (*.doc) documents. -Microsoft Windows interoperability improvements, including support for SecurlD-based VPNs.
  • Mac OS X 10.0 characteristics

    • Xcode Developer Tools, which speed compile times significantly with gcc 3.3.
    • iChat AV video-conferencing software
    • PDF rendering speed increases
    • Pixlet high definition video codec (for digital animation, of Pixar fame) included
  • Mac OS X Tiger (version 10.4)

    Is the fifth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and serveroperating system for Mac computers.
  • Mac OS X Tiger (version 10.4) characteristics

    Tiger boasted features like Spotlight file search and more robust graphics APIs, as well as improved 64-bit support.
    • Full 64-bit architecture, with backward support for 32-bit programs.
      • A new graphics processing API, Core Image, leveraging the - power of the available accelerated graphics cards.
    • A new data processing API, Core Data, that makes it easier for developers to handle structured data in their applications.
  • Mac OS X Tiger (version 10.4) System requirements

    • A PowerPC G3, G4, or G5 processor running at 300 MHz or faster
      • Built-in FireWire
      • At least 256 megabytes (MB) of RAM, 512 MB recommended (128 MB can run it unofficially)
      • At least 3 GB of available hard disk space; 4 GB of disk space including the Xcode 2 Tools, 2 GB for the minimal install
    • DVD-ROM drive (CD-ROM exchange was available; offer ended on March 20, 2007)
  • Windows Vista

    Vista includes technologies such as ReadyBoost[68] and ReadyDrive, which employ fast flash memory (located on USB flash drives and hybrid hard disk drives) to improve system performance by caching commonly used programs and data. This manifests itself in improved battery life on notebook computers as well, since a hybrid drive can be spun down when not in use
  • Windows Vista characteristics

    Windows Aero: The new graphical user interface is named Windows Aero, which Jim Allchin stated is an acronym for Authentic, Energetic, Reflective, and Open.[45] Microsoft intended the new interface to be cleaner and more aesthetically pleasing than those of previous Windows versions, featuring new transparencies, live thumbnails, live icons, and animations, thus providing a new level of eye candy. Laptop users report, however, that enabling Aero shortens battery life and reduces performance.
  • Windows Vista characteristics

    • Windows Mobility Center is a control panel that centralizes the most relevant information related to mobile computing
    • Windows Fax and Scan Allows computers with fax modems to send and receive fax documents, as well as scan documents. It is not available in the Home versions of Windows Vista, but is available in the Business, Enterprise and Ultimate editions
  • Windows Vista characteristics

    • Reliability and Performance Monitor includes various tools for tuning and monitoring system performance and resources activities of CPU, disks, network, memory and other resources. It shows the operations on files, the opened connections, etc
  • Windows Vista features

    New technology called SuperFetch utilizes machine learning techniques to analyze usage patterns to allow Windows Vista to make intelligent decisions about what content should be present in system memory at any given time. It uses almost all the extra RAM as disk cache.
  • Mac OS X Leopard (version 10.5)

    Is the sixth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
  • Mac OS X Leopard (version 10.5) characteristics

    Notable features include support for writing 64-bit graphical user interface applications, an automated backup utility called Time Machine, support for Spotlight searches across multiple machines, and the inclusion of Front Row and Photo Booth, which were previously included with only some Mac models
  • Mac OS X Leopard (version 10.5) System Requirements

    • Processor: any Intel processor, or PowerPC G5 or G4 (867 MHz and faster) processor
    • Optical drive: internal or external DVD drive (for installation of the operating system)
    • Memory: minimum 512 MB of RAM (additional RAM (1 GB) is recommended for development purposes)
    • Hard drive capacity: Minimum 9 GB of disk space available.
  • Mac OS X Leopard (version 10.5) characteristics

    • Spaces, an implementation of virtual desktops (individually called "Spaces"), allows multiple desktops per user, with certain applications and windows in each desktop Users can organize certain Spaces for certain applications and switch between them.
    Users can create and control up to 16 spaces, and applications can be switched between each one, creating a very large workspace.
  • Mac OS X Snow Leopard (version 10.6)

    Is the seventh major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
  • Mac OS X Snow Leopard (version 10.6) System requirements

    • Mac computer with an Intel processor (IA-32). "Yonah" processors such as Core Solo and Core Duo can run only 32-bit applications; later x86-64 architecture processors such as Core 2 Duo, Core i5 and i7 are also able to run 64-bit applications.
    • 1 GB of RAM
    • 5 GB of free disk space
    • DVD drive (also accessible via Remote Disc) or external USB or FireWire DVD drive for installation
  • Mac OS X Snow Leopard (version 10.6) characteristics

    • Extended the support for 64-bit applications to include applications using most of Mac OS X's libraries and frameworks.
    • Most built-in applications have been rebuilt to use the 64-bit x86-64 architecture (excluding iTunes, Front Row, Grapher and DVD Player applications). They will run in 32-bit mode on machines with 32-bit processors, and in 64-bit mode on machines with 64-bit processors.
  • Mac OS X Snow Leopard (version 10.6) characteristics

    Snow Leopard was the last release of Mac OS X to support the 32-bit Intel Core Solo and Intel Core Duo CPUs.
  • Windows 7

    Is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
  • Windows 7 features

    • Advancements in touch
    • Speech and handwriting recognition
    • Support for virtual hard disks
    • Support for additional file formats
    • Improved performance on multi-core processors
    • Improved boot performance
    • Kernel improvements.
  • Windows 7 System Requirements

    • 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor*
    • 1 gigabyte (GB) RAM (32-bit) or 2 GB RAM (64-bit)
    • 16 GB available hard disk space (32-bit) or 20 GB (64-bit)
    • DirectX 9 graphics device with WDDM 1.0 or higher driver
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  • IllumOs

    Is a free and open-source Unix operating system. It is based on OpenSolaris.
    * Written in C.
    * Platforms: IA-32, x86-64, SPARC, ARM (still in development)
    * Unix OS family
  • OpenIndiana

    IS an OS derivated from OpenSolaris and based on IllumOs,.
    * Unix OS family
    * Writen in C
    * plataform x86-64
  • OpenIndiana Hipster

    OpenIndiana Hipster snapshot 2018.10.
    * Python 3.5 was added
    * Several new compilers were added, including GCC 8
    * Added software defaults to 64-bit.
    * Mate desktop was updated to 1.20.