• Founding of the African National Cpngress

    The ANC is South Africa's political party supported by its tripartite
    alliance with the Congress of South Africa's Trade Unions and South Africa's Communist Party. The ANC was founded to increase the rights of the black South African population
  • Congress Youth Leagure

    The CYL was founded by Nick Gombart, Ashley Peter Mda, Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, and Oliver Tambo. The CYL gained control of the ANC and protested against the apartheid.
  • Defiance Campaign

    The Defiance Campaign was against unjust laws. It was presented by the ANC at a conference held in Bloefontein, South Africa.
  • Albert Luthuli Wins the Nobel Peace Prize

    Albert was the first African and person from outside Europe and the Americas to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent struggle against apartheid.
  • Sharpeville Massacre

    The Sharpeville Massacre occured at the police station in the South African township of Sharpeville in the Transvaal. It was a protest against pass laws. Sixty-nine people were killed.
  • Spear of the Nation Formed

    The Spear of the Nation was an armed wing of the ANC which fought against the South African apartheid government. It was banned because it was classified as a terrorist organization.
  • Nelson Mandela Sentenced to LIfe In Prison

    Mandela was sentenced to life in prison after being charged with sabotage and treason.
  • The Soweto Uprising

    The Soweto Uprising was a series of high school student-led protest against the Afrikaans Medium Decree, which forced all black schools to use Afrikaans and English in a 50-50 mis as language of instruction. 176 people were killed.
  • Steven Biko Dies In Police Custody

    Biko was interrogated, beaten, and tortured for 22 hours by police. He went into a coma. He died shortly after the police drove him to a prison with hospital facilities. The police said it was from an extended hunger strike.
  • Desmond Tutu Wins the Nobel Peace Prize

    Desmond Tutu campaigned to fight AIDS, tuberculosis, poverty, racism, sexism, homophobia, and transphobia.
  • Nelson Mandela Released From Prison

    Nelson Mandela was accused of capital crimes of sabotage, plotting a foreign invasion of South Africa, and conspiring with the African National Congress and South African Communist Party to the use of explosives to destroy water, electrical, and gas utilities in the Republic of South Africa. He was released from the Victor Verster Prison in Paarl.
  • Nelson Mandela Becomes President of South Africa

    Nelson Mandela was South Africa's first black president. He brought free health care, increased welfare spending, brought 1.5 million children into the education system, and much more.