• founding of the ANC

    Political party founded in 1912 in Bloemfontein, South Africa. Originally called the South African Native National Congress. The ANC is a national liberation movement. It was formed in 1912 to unite the African people and spearhead the struggle for fundamental political, social and economic change. The ANC was founded on 8 January 1912
  • Congress Youth League founded

    The African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL) is the youth wing of the African National Congress. It was formed in 1944 by members of the ANC who believed in African Nationalism, and wanted to follow an active policy focused on the mobilisation of the masses.
  • Defiance Campaign

    The post-1948 period saw the African National Congress (ANC) abandoning its traditional reliance on tactics of moderation such as petitions and deputations. In December 1949, with the support of the ANC Youth League, a new leadership came to power in the ANC. December 15 - December 17, The Defiance Campaign finally opens. The day is celebrated annually by the African National Congress (ANC) and its allies as South Africa's Freedom Day.
  • Sharpeville Massacre

    On 21 March 1960 at least 180 black Africans were injured (there are claims of as many as 300) and 69 killed when South African police opened fire on approximately 300 demonstrators, who were protesting against the pass laws, at the township of Sharpeville, near Vereeniging in the Transvaal.
  • Spear of the Nation formed

    Originally Posted by Nelson Mandela
    Firstly, we believed that as a result of Government policy, violence by the African people had become inevitable, and that unless responsible leadership was given to canalize and control the feelings of our people, there would be outbreaks of terrorism which would produce an intensity of bitterness and hostility between the various races of this country which is not produced even by war. Secondly, we felt that without violence there would be no way open to the
  • Spear of the Nation formed

    created The Spear of Nation. In 1961 the African National Congress (ANC) formed its armed wing called "Umkhonto we Sizwe" (translated in English as "Spear of the Nation"), to fight the Apartheid government. During the Rivonia trial in 1964, Nelson Mandela explained his reasons for having to resort to violence:
  • Spear of the Nation formed

    Spear of the Nation strives to be a "mature" guild. Trash talking is still okay, but discriminating against players on the basis of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, or any other analogous characteristic is a big no-no. Even though this is a PvP server and players are expected to have thick skin, we still want everyone to have a place where they can feel comfortable.
  • Spear of the nation

    the African people to succeed in their struggle against the principle of white supremacy. All lawful modes of expressing opposition to this principle had been closed by legislation, and we were placed in a position in which we had either to accept a permanent state of inferiority, or to defy the Government. We chose to defy the law. We first broke the law in a way which avoided any recourse to violence; when this form was legislated against, and then the Government resorted to a show of force to
  • Albert Luthuli wins the Nobel Peace Prize

    Albert John Mvumbi Luthuli, president of the then banned African National Congress (ANC), was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1960 for advocating non-violent resistance to racial discrimination in South Africa. Though the apartheid government restricted his movements, he was also a Zulu.
  • Nelson Mandela sentenced to life in prison

    Nelson Mandela sentenced to life in prison
    On June 12, 1964, Nelson Mandela received a life sentence for committing sabotage against South Africa’s apartheid government, avoiding a possible death sentence. leader in the African National Congress, an organization dedicated to protesting the South African government’s policy of apartheid, had been arrested in 1956 on treason charges, but was acquitted. The ANC was banned by the government in 1960, following the Sharpeville massacre.
  • The Soweto Uprising

    When high-school students in Soweto started protesting for better education on 16 June 1976, police responded with teargas and live bullets. It is commemorated today by a South African national holiday, Youth day, which honors all the young people who lost their lives in the struggle against Apartheid and Bantu Education.
  • Steven Biko dies in police custody

    Steven Biko dies in police custody
    Mr Biko had been in custody since 18 August when he was arrested and detained under the Terrorism Act. He is the 20th person to die in custody during the past 18 months. Steve Biko's death caused outrage in South Africa and almost immediately doubt was cast over the alleged cause of his death.
  • Desmond Tutu wins the Nobel Peace Prize

    Desmond Tutu wins the Nobel Peace Prize
    Desmond Tutu received the 1984 Nobel peace prize for his nonviolent work against apartheid, the South African government's policy of racial separateness. 1.equal civil rights for all. 2.the abolition of South Africa's passport. 3.common system of education. 4.The forced deportation from S.A. to so-called homelands.
  • Nelson Mandela released from prison

    Nelson Mandela released from prison
    In 1961, he was arrested for treason, and although acquitted he was arrested again in 1962 for illegally leaving the country. Convicted and sentenced to five years at Robben Island Prison, he was put on trial again in 1964 on charges of sabotage. In June 1964, he was convicted along with several other ANC leaders and sentenced to life in prisonMandela spent the first 18 of his 27 years in jail at the brutal Robben Island Prison.
  • Nelson Mandela becomes president of South Africa

    Nelson Mandela becomes president of South Africa
    Jailed for 27 years, he emerged to become the country's first black president and to play a leading role in the drive for peace in other spheres of conflict. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. Since stepping down as president in 1999, Mr Mandela has become South Africa's highest-profile ambassador, campaigning against HIV/Aids and helping to secure his country's right to host the 2010 football World Cup. Mr Mandela - diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2001.