AP US History

Timeline created by lundenmoses1
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus "Founds" New World

    Christopher Columbus "Founds" New World
    Christopher Columbus did not “discover” the Americas, nor was he even the first European to visit the “New World.” (Viking explorer Leif Erikson had sailed to Greenland and Newfoundland in the 11th century.) However, his journey kicked off centuries of exploration and exploitation on the American continents.
  • 1492

    Columbian Exchange Begins

    Columbian Exchange Begins
    The Columbian exchange, also known as the Columbian interchange, named after Christopher Columbus, was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, diseases, and ideas between the Americas, West Africa, and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries.
  • Period:
    1492
    to

    European Exploration Era

  • 1500

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins
    Spain began the encomienda system in the New World at the beginning of the 16th century. The encomienda system granted a Spanish leader a number of Native American laborers. The Spanish colonists abused the encomienda system, essentially rendering it a system of slave labor
  • 1500

    Spanish Casta System Begins

    Spanish Casta System Begins
    A social system in which class status is determined at birth. The Spanish had mixed-race children in the Americas with enslaved Africans and Native Americans. Status was determined by how “Spanish” one was, so those with little to no Spanish blood were in the lowest class.
  • Period:
    1500
    to

    Triangular Trade

  • Period:
    1500
    to

    Middle Passage

  • 1520

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans
    Smallpox was lethal to many Native Americans, bringing sweeping epidemics and affecting the same tribes repeatedly. Certain cultural and biological traits made Native Americans more susceptible to these diseases. Emphasis placed on visiting the sick led to the spread of disease through continual contact.
  • 1521

    Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortez Conquers the Aztec Empire

    Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortez Conquers the Aztec Empire
    After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Cortés’ men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtémoc, the Aztec emperor.
  • 1534

    England Splits from the Catholic Church

    England Splits from the Catholic Church
    Parliament's passage of the Act of Supremacy in 1534 solidified the break from the Catholic Church and made the king the Supreme Head of the Church of England.
  • London Company Gains Charter for Set Up English Colony

    London Company Gains Charter for Set Up English Colony
    The London Company (also called the Virginia Company of London) was an English joint-stock company established in 1606 by royal charter by King James I with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America. ... By 1609, the Plymouth Company had dissolved.
  • Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded

    Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded
    In 1607, 104 English men and boys arrived in North America to start a settlement. On May 13 they picked Jamestown, Virginia for their settlement, which was named after their King, James I. The settlement became the first permanent English settlement in North America
  • Period: to

    Colonial Era

  • French found Quebec on the ST. Lawrence River and Engage in the Fur Trade

  • Tobacco Introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe

  • First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony

    First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony
    First enslaved Africans arrive in Jamestown, setting the stage for slavery in North America. On August 20, 1619, “20 and odd” Angolans, kidnapped by the Portuguese, arrive in the British colony of Virginia and are then bought by English colonists.
  • Virginia House of Burgesses

    Virginia House of Burgesses
    The Virginia House of Burgesses was the first democratically-elected legislative body in British North America. This group of representatives met from 1619 until 1776. The members, or burgesses, were elected from each county in Virginia with each county sending two burgesses. The House of Burgesses is important because the ideas and leaders from this House helped bring about the American Revolutionary War.
  • Plymouth, Massachusetts Colony Founded

  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    The Virginia House of Burgesses was the first democratically-elected legislative body in British North America. This group of representatives met from 1619 until 1776. The members, or burgesses, were elected from each county in Virginia with each county sending two burgesses. The House of Burgesses is important because the ideas and leaders from this House helped bring about the American Revolutionary War.
  • New Hampshire Founded

  • Dutch New Amsterdam Becomes Capital of New Netherlands

  • "City Upon a Hill" John Winthrop

  • The Great Migration to Massachusetts Bay Colony

  • Maryland Founded

  • Thomas Hooker Founds Connecticut

  • Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island

  • Harvard College Founded in Massachusetts

  • Delaware Founded

  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

  • Maryland Toleration Act

  • North Carolina Founded

  • Iroquois Confederacy Formed

  • Navigation Acts and Mercantilism

  • South Carolina Founded

  • New York Founded

  • New Jersey Founded

  • King Philips War

  • Bacon's Rebellion

  • Pueblo Revolt

  • Quaker William Penn Founds Pennsylvania

  • Period: to

    Enlightenment Era

  • John Locke's Two Treatises of Government Published

  • English Bill of Rights

  • Salem Witch Trials

  • Period: to

    Salutary Neglect Policy

  • The Great Awakening

  • Georgia Founded as as Debtors Colony

  • Stono Rebellion

  • French and Indian War Begins

  • French and Indian War Ends

  • Proclamation Line of 1763

  • Period: to

    Revolutionary Era

  • Period: to

    Republican Motherhood

  • Sugar Act

  • Stamp Act

  • Quartering Act

  • Townshend Acts

  • Boston Massacre

  • Tea Act

  • Boston Tea Party

  • Intolerable Acts

  • First Continental Congress

  • Thomas Paine's Common Sense Published

  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

  • Second Continental Congress

  • Continental Army Led by General George Washington

  • Declaration of Independence

  • Benjamin Franklin Becomes French Ambassador

  • Winter at Valley Forge

  • Battle of Saratoga

  • Battle of Yorktown

  • Treaty of Paris of 1783