Antebellum Presidents

  • MADISONEconomic/ Embargo Act

    The Embargo Act went into effect during thepresidency of Thomas Jefferson. It caused a major decrease in US exports, and it was repealed the year before madison took office. It still left Madison dealing with economic issues.
  • MADISONSocial/Indian Affairs

    In his inaugural address, Madison announced his plan to civilize the Native Americans by all means necessary. All he ended up doing was taking away their British protection as a result of the War of 1812.
  • MADISONEconomic/ Re-established Trade

    In May 1810, the United States re-established trade with the nations of the United Kingdom and France. This was caused by the low amount of exports being shipped by the United States during the time of the Embargo Act.
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    During this period, US sailors were being kidnapped by British ships, and they were also being put to work by them. This was one of the causes that led to the upcoming war.
  • MADISONDiplomatic/ Neutrality

    After ending the Embargo Act, Madison asked the leaders of France and the United Kingdom to respect America's neutality and ability to trade with both nations; both pretended to comply, but they did not really listen to the United States.
  • MADISONInternational/ War!

    Due to pressures from inside and outside the United States, James Madison declared war on the United Kingdom on this date. This will lead to skirmishes on fronts in the Northwest, Mid-Atlantic, and around the Mississippi; the war ended with the treaty of Ghent.
  • MADISONInternational/ End of War!

    In 1814, the United States and the United Kingdom finished a treaty known as the Treaty of Ghent. Unfortunately, the treaty resolved very little, if anything. As a result of the treaty, the Indians lost their protection from oncoming US settlers.
  • MADISONSocial/Winners' Pride

    Winning the War of 1812 gave the United States a sense of national unity and pride. Americans knew that they could fight off even the most powerful of countries; this was under the leadership of James Madison. Perhaps, this national pride led more people to go westward in order to conquer more land for their wonderful country.
  • MADISONPolitical/End of Federalism

    As a cause of the US winning the war, the anti-war federalists were so repudiated that they disappeared as a national party. This would usher in the Era of Good Feelings and political unity on Capitol Hill.
  • MADISONPolitical/BUS

    Despite the objections of president Madison, the charter for the Second Bank of the United States was signed. He vetoed a bill to extend the charter in 1814, but he signed the 1816 bill, because it would make paying debts from the War of 1812 much easier.