Ancient Civilizations Jessie Gray

  • 100

    Importance of government in CHina

    E- Around 100 B.C- People began to spread the importance of nature/power of government. Daoists began to seek harmony in China.
  • 100

    science and technology in Rome

    C-100 AD- Galen writes several volumes summarizing the medical knowledge of his day. This helped start the establishing of Roman science and technology.
  • 100

    Science in Rome

    C-100 AD- The Romans had another development in science and technology. Ptolemy synthesized the knowledge of others into a single theory, that the earth was the center of the universe.
  • 100

    Building in Rome

    I-100 AD- The Romans began building larger buildings. They created narrow channels for water to run through.
  • 100

    Problems within Rome

    E-100 AD- Rome has no rivals. But begin facing problems within their own empire. Rome gains more problems within the empire when they lose their enimies.
  • 100

    Manufacturing in Rome

    E- 100 AD- Manufacturing increases throughout the empire. Artisans make pottery and textiles, people in the east such as Alexandria make products such as fine glassware, and trade increased.
  • 221

    The Great Wall CHina

    E- 221 B.C Emperor Shi-Huangdi ordered the Great Wall to be worked on so that invaders could not attack China. The emperor forced people such as musicians, criminals and normal everyday people to work on the wall.
  • 284

    Power of empire Rome

    P- 284 BC- Diocletian takes power of the empire. He changes the empire into an absolute monarchy, placing himself far above his subjects and rules with no accountability to anyone.
  • 300

    Rome power

    S- About 300 BC- Romans were patriarchal. The head of the family (the paterfamilias or family father) had power over the other family members.
  • 300

    Women in Rome

    S -About 300 BC- Roman women were not allowed to do much without permission. But they could own or inherit land. Lower class women had much more freedom and could work.
  • 300

    Roman gods

    C-300 BC- Romans adopted elements from Greek Mythology. They did not limit their beliefs in only a few gods, they put their belifs in many gods.
  • 305

    Diocletian Rome

    P-305 BC- Diocletian resigns from the throne, along with his co-emperor. After the new emperors quarrel, the empire goes into a civil war.
  • 312

    Order is restored

    P- 312 BC- Order is restored in the empire when Constantine is the new emperor. He continues Diocletian’s policies of state control over society.
  • 332

    Egypt declines

    P- 332 BC- Egypt power declines. The Greek army under Alexander the Great marches in and takes over.
  • 450

    Laws Rome

    E- 450 BC- Plebeians force the Patricians to have all laws written down. The written laws were displayed in the central square. Therefore the government could not make their own choices.
  • 450

    Rains in Rome

    I- 450 AD- Heavier rains aggravated soil erosion and flooding. This caused the soil to be leached of its nutrients and fertility causing less productivity.
  • 481

    War broke out in China

    P- 481 B.C.E- War broke out between the separate states in China. Nobles fought each other for supremacy and hundred of men were killed during the battles.
  • 500

    Reforms in Greece

    E- 500 BC The Athenian leader Cleisthenes introduced further reforms. He broke up the power of the nobility by organizing citizens into ten groups based on where they lived, not on how much money they had.
  • 550

    The five relationships were established China

    S- around 550 B.C- The five basic relationships were established.
    ruler and subject
    father and son
    husband and wife
    older brother and younger brother
    friend and friend
  • Dec 5, 621

    Code of law

    S- 621 BC Draco developed a legal code based on the idea that all Athenians, rich and poor, were equal under the law. These laws made everyone more equal, but women still had less rights than men had.
  • Dec 5, 700

    Homer

    C- 700 BC- Homer composes epics, narrative poems celebrating heroic deeds. He creates the Iliad, which is formed by the Trojan War.
  • Dec 5, 700

    Myths

    C- 700 BC- Greeks develop traditional stories known as myths. Through the myths, the Greeks tried to understand the mysteries surrounded around nature and the power of humans.
  • Dec 5, 750

    Homer's personal life

    S- 750 BC Little is know about Homer’s personal life. Historians believe that he wrote his epics, narrative poems celebrating heroic deed, sometime between 750 BC and 700 BC.
  • Dec 5, 1000

    1122-256 Zhou dynasty China

    P- 1122-256 B.C.E- The Zhou dynasty began. The new power brought new improvement/advancements to the Chinese civilizations.
  • Dec 5, 1000

    Mandate of Heaven China

    C- 1000 B.C- The Mandate of Heaven (ruler with divine approval). The Mandate of Heaven became central to the Chinese view of government.
  • Dec 5, 1000

    1000-700 BC technology China

    I- Around 1000-700 B.C the technology in China improved along with trade. This allowed people to become more advanced and get more goods and money because of better trade.
  • Dec 5, 1100

    Strong rulers in Greece

    P- 1100 BC Strong rulers controlled the areas around other Mycenaean, two of the cities were Tiryns and Athens. These kings dominated Greece from about 1600 BC to 1100 BC·
  • Dec 5, 1150

    No written records

    C- 1150 BC No written record exists from the time period 1150 and 750 BC. Little is known aboput this time in Greek history.
  • Dec 5, 1200

    1700-1100 writing system China

    C- 1700-1100 B.C.E- The Chinese developed a writing system. The writing improved the way that the Chinese could communicate and the way that they read.
  • Dec 5, 1200

    10 year war in Greece

    P- 1200 BC- The Mycenaeans fight a ten year war against Troy. The Mycenaeans won the batte
  • Dec 5, 1200

    Dorans attack

    P- 1200 BC- Dorian’s attack and burn Mycenaean cities. Then the Mycenaean civilization began to collapse.
  • Dec 5, 1347

    New king Egypt

    S- 1347 BCE- A new king comes into power. King Tut becomes pharaoh of the capital Memphis
  • Sep 18, 1500

    Mycenaeans and Minoans

    E- 1500 BC- Mycenaeans and Minoans become come in contact with each other. They begin trading and influencing one another.
  • Dec 5, 1500

    Religion China

    C- 1500 B.C- Religion closely linked Chinese families. The spirits were not treated like gods but more like neighbors who could either be troublesome or they could be helpful.
  • 1766-1122 Shang dynasty China

    P 1766-1122 B.C.E- The Shang dynasty began in 1766 B.C.E. During the Shang dynasty, the economy improved, the nobles were leading the rural population.
  • Metalwork China

    E- 1650 B.C.E- the Chinese metalwork improved. Weapons were starting to be made with iron which helped them during the war.
  • Hammurabi dies Mesopotamia

    S- 1750 BC- Hammurabi, the king of the Babylonian empire, dies.
  • Reign of Hammurabi Mesopotamia

    c - 1792 BC- Reign of Hammurabi results in the development of the Hammurabi Code of Laws. There are 282 unified laws made in order to unify diverse groups within his empire.
  • Cleopatra Egypt

    S- 30 BCE- Queen Cleopatra dies. After her death, Egypt becomes part of the Roman Empire.
  • Grain production

    I- 43 AD- Grain production increases expansion in the Roman Empire. The surplus crops also increased the population.
  • New rulers Rome

    S- 96 AD- A new line of emperors establish themselves on the Roman throne. This caused changes throughout the Roman Empire.
  • Chinese cities were developed

    I- 2000 B.C- Settlements grew into the first Chinese cities. The Chinese were able to spread out create buildings and homes in their new cities.
  • Social classes are divide China

    S- 2000 B.C- The social classes were sharply divided. The poor and the rich lived in very different places, the rich lived in houses made of timber, with clay and straw walls inside of the cities. The peasants lived in huts built outside of the city.
  • How women were treated in China

    S- 2000 B.C- Women were treated inferior to men. Women had to obey their husbands, fathers and even their sons
  • The Natural barriers of China

    I- 2000 B.C- Natural barriers isolated China from the rest of the civilizations. To the East, is the Yellow Sea and the Pacific Ocean. To the West is the Taklimakan Desert and a 15,000 ft plateau.
  • Barriers jn India

    S- 2000 BC - India secluded themselves from the other countries. The mountain ranges and Hindu Kush and the Himalayas separated them.
  • Greek mainlands

    S- 2000 BC People settled on the Greek mainlands. These people were later known as Mycenaeans.
  • Crafts India

    E- 2400 BC- People of the Indus Valley specialized in crafts such as pottery, metalwork, and jewelry. The people used these things so that they could trade.
  • Pharaohs's power declines Egypt

    P- 2180 BC- Power of the Pharaohs’ declines. This marks the end of the Old Kingdom and brings new government to Egypt.
  • Sumerian women could work as merchants Mesopotamia

    S- 2500/2400 BC- Sumerian women could work as merchants, farmers, and artisans. They were able to hold property and join priesthood. Upper-class women could learn how to read and write.
  • Central government

    P- 2400 BC- The Indus people developed a strong central government. Instead of city-states, they had a single society.
  • Harappa and Mohenjo

    E- 2400 BC- Two large cities Harappa and Mohenjo Daro are established. The people drew water from community wells or smaller wells dug in the courtyards of their homes and public drainage systems carried away waste.
  • Slaves Mesopotamia

    e- 2450 BC- Slaves were foreigners captured in war and put into Labor systems. Some were Sumerians who were sold into slavery as children. People who wee born slaves could work and earn their freedom back.
  • Inventions Mesopotamia

    e-2500 BC- Sumerians invent the wheel, plow, and sail. Also, they were among the first to use bronze. These inventions improved on the way that the Sumerians worked everyday.
  • Sumerian social class develops. Mesopotamia

    S 2500 BC- Sumerian social class develops. The highest level was the king, landowners, and priests. Middle class was made up of wealthy merchants. The lowest level was made of the slaves.
  • Power of dynasties

    P- 2500 BC- Sumerian city-states become under the rule of dynasties. Families continued to rule for a long amount of time.
  • Gods Mesopotamia

    c- 2500 BC- Sumerians believe that the gods control the things in nature. They believed in many gods, known as Polytheism (the belief in many gods).
  • New cities

    e-2500 BC- New cities arise all over the Fertile Crescent. This results in the exchanging of products and ideas, a.k.a cultural difusion.
  • Planning cities

    E- 2500 BC- Indus Valley Civilizations begin planning cities. People of the Indus Valley built strong leveys or earthen walls to keep water out of their cities.
  • brick making

    C- 2500 BC- Indus Valley establishes their own way of brick making. Their buildings were constructed of oven baked bricks cut in cut in standard sizes.
  • Pyramid steps.

    I- 2630 BC- First step Pyramids are built. This led to bigger pyramids in the future.
  • Dynasty rises Egypt

    P- 2650 BC- The third dynasty rises in Egypt. It only lasts about 500 years.
  • Sumerians build their cities

    P- 3000 BC- The Sumerians built cities. The cities had their own governments but had the same culture.
  • Wars in the cities Mesopotamia

    P- 3000 BC- The cities break out into wars. This caused priests and people to give commanders total control of standing armies.
  • Social structure

    S- 3000 BCE- Egyptian social pyramid is formed. The first class was the pharaoh, In the middle classes were viziers, high priests and nobles, officials and scribes, and craftsmen. The lowest class was made of slaves and peasants.
  • Crete

    I- 3000 BC The Minoans lived on the large Greek island of Crete. The Minoans created an elegant civilization that had great power.
  • Mountains in India

    I- 3200 BC- The worlds tallest mountains to the north and a large desert to the east helped protect the Indus Valley from invasion.
  • Farming on the Indus River

    I- 3200 BC- People began farming along the Indus River. People had to build walls in order to keep the crops from being submerged in water when the land flooded.
  • Monsoons India

    I- 3200 BC- When the summer monsoons did not happen, the Indus Valley had a drought. The drought negatively affected the Indus people because it caused crop disasters
  • Peninsula

    I- 3500 BC Ancient Greece consisted mainly of a mountainous peninsula by the Mediterranean Sea. It also included about 2,000 islands in the Aegean and Ionian Seas.
  • Providing water

    I- 4000 BC- Sumerians, to provide water, dug irrigation ditches to carry water to fields. This resulted in the production of surplus crops.
  • Sails

    I- 4000 BC- Sails are first used on Egyptian ships. The sails let the ships move easier and more controled.
  • Civilizations

    I- 4500 BC- People began building homes and civilizations. People began settling around the flat, swampy lands of Southern Mesopotamia.
  • farming villages Egypt

    I- 5000 BC- First farming villages develop along the banks of the Nile River. People spoke different dialects in these villages.
  • Farming

    I- 5500 BC- People are farming in Southern Mesopotamia. The Fertile mud-silt starts attracting farmers, there were many fertile lands to farm in.