Ancient Civilizations

  • 133

    Rome - Economic

    133 BC: Farmers that went to war and fought came home to find their farms in bad shape.
  • 200

    China - Interaction with Environment

    200 BC: China finshed builded the Great Wall
  • 200

    Rome - Interaction with Environment

    200 BC: Rome took over the rest of the Greek cities and ruled all of Italy.
  • 264

    Rome - Political

    264 BC: The First Punic War begins.
  • 300

    Rome - Social

    300 BC: Romans began to elect magistrates called praetors.
  • 450

    Rome - Social

    450 BC: Plebians forced Patricians to write down the Law of the Twelve Tables.
  • 471

    Greece - Culture

    471 BC: Phidias crafted a giant statue of Athena that was 30 feet tall.
  • 477

    Greece - Economic

    477 BC: The beginning of the Golden Age of Greece.
  • 500

    China - Culture

    500 BC: Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) was born.
  • 500

    Greece - Social

    500 BC: Cleisthenes created reforms based on where you live, not wealth.
  • 500

    Rome - Political

    500 BC: Rome makes Cincinnatus dictator of Rome.
  • 509

    Rome - Political

    509 BC: Romans overthrew Estruscans and created a Republic.
  • 551

    China - Social

    551 BC: Confucius was born.
  • 570

    Middle Ages - Social

    570: Muhammad was born.
  • Jan 1, 600

    Middle Ages - Interaction with Evironment

    600: Islamic people are settled on the Arabian Peninsula.
  • Jan 1, 600

    Middle Ages - Culture

    600: Abraham introduced monotheism (Allah).
  • Jan 1, 600

    Middle Ages - Economic

    600: Trade routes connected Arabia to places by land and water.
  • Jan 1, 613

    Middle Ages - Culture

    613: Muhammad began to preach publicly in Mecca.
  • Jan 1, 621

    Greece - Social

    621 BC: Draco developed a legal code of law
  • Jan 1, 656

    Middle Ages - Political

    656: Uthman was murdered to create a civil war.
  • Jan 1, 691

    Middle Ages - Political

    691: The Dome of the Rock was completed.
  • Jan 1, 750

    Greece - Political

    750 BC: The polis was the fundamental political unit.
  • Jan 1, 750

    Greece - Culture

    750 BC: Homer wrote epics about the history of the Greek people.
  • Jan 1, 750

    Middle Ages - Social

    750: Muslim Empire stretched 6,000 miles from Atlantic Ocean to the Indus River.
  • Jan 1, 753

    Rome - Interaction with Environment

    753 BC: The Italian Peninsula allowed quick tranportation.
  • Jan 1, 753

    Rome - Interaction with Environment

    753 BC: Italy had mountins to help protect them to the North.
  • Jan 1, 753

    Rome - Economic

    753 BC: Romulus and Remus founded Rome.
  • Jan 1, 753

    Rome - Economic

    753 BC: Italian Peninsula served as a great center of trade.
  • Jan 1, 762

    Middle Ages - Interactions with Environment

    762: Abbasids moved the capital to Baghdad
  • Jan 1, 762

    Middle Ages - Economic

    762: Baghdad is located on key trade routes for gold and other goods.
  • Jan 1, 775

    Middle Ages - Social

    775: Muslim women have specified legal rights in marriage, family, and property.
  • Jan 1, 776

    Greece - Culture

    776 BC: First recorded Olympic games.
  • Jan 1, 800

    Middle Ages - Interactions with Environment

    800: Muslims created their cities in well planned circular shaped cities.
  • Jan 1, 800

    Middle Ages - Culture

    800: Astronomy helped decide when to pray and face toward Mecca.
  • Jan 1, 800

    Middle Ages - Economic

    800: Caliph al-Ma'mun opened the House of Wisdom.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    China - Social

    1000 BC: The Chinese believed that family was most important to the society.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    China - Social

    1000 BC: Women in CHina were treated as inferiors.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    China - Culture

    1000 BC: The chariot was introduced to China
  • Jan 1, 1027

    China - Political

    1027 BC: The Zhou overthrew the Shang.
  • Jan 1, 1027

    China - Political

    1027 BC: The Zhou Dynasty beginning marks the baginning of Feudalism.
  • Jan 1, 1027

    China - Culture

    1027 BC: Iron weapons were made (axes and swords)
  • Jan 1, 1027

    China - Economic

    1027 BC: Coined money was introduced and helped with trade.
  • Jan 1, 1027

    China - Economic

    1027 BC: Roads and canals were built to help with trade and agriculture.
  • Jan 1, 1027

    China - Economic

    1027 BC: Created iron tools to help with agriculture
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Greece - Social

    1200 BC: Mycenaeans were attacked and destroyed by Dorians.
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Greece - Political

    1200 BC: Mycenaeans fought in the Trojan War against Troy.
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Greece - Economic

    1200 BC: The Trojan Horse was made to end the Trojan War.
  • Jan 1, 1258

    Middle Ages - Political

    1258: Abbasid caliphate rule ended.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    China - Interaction with Environment

    1500 BC: Walls to protect China's first cities were made.
  • Egypt - Social

    1630 BC: Hyksos gain full control of Egypt.
  • Egypt - Political

    1640 BC: The Hyksos invaded and took control of Egypt.
  • China - Political

    1700 BC: The Shang Dynasty begins.
  • Mesopotamia - Political

    1792 BC: Amorite King Hammurabi became king.
  • Mesopotamia - Political

    1792 BC: Hammurabi creates code of law.
  • Mesopotamia - Interaction with Environment

    1792 BC: Amorites tribe settles in Babylon
  • Mesopotamia - Interaction with Environment

    1792 BC: Babylonian Empire was created
  • Egypt - Interaction with Environment

    1799: French soldiers found the Rosetta Stone.
  • Rome - Culture

    43 BC: The Second Triumvirate took power (Octavian, Antony, Lepidus).
  • Rome - Culture

    44 BC: Julius Caesar was murdered by revolting Senators.
  • Rome - Social

    50 BC: Julius Caesar was one of the most powerful men in Rome.
  • Rome - Culture

    60 BC: Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus took over Rome as First Triumvirate.
  • Egypt - Interaction with Environment

    2000 BC: Egyptians dug a canal to connect the Nile River and Red Sea.
  • Egypt - Interaction with Environment

    2000 BC: Egyptians drained swamps in Lower Egypt for farmland.
  • Egypt - Social

    2000 BC: Hunters and gatherers based food system.
  • India - Social

    2000 BC: The largest cities in India were Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro.
  • India - Social

    2000 BC: Most women in India specialized in arts and crafts.
  • China - Interaction with Environment

    2000 BC: China's first cities were built
  • Greece - Political

    2000 BC: Mycenaeans settled on Greek mainland.
  • India - Cultural

    2014: Historians have still not deciphered the Indus system of writing.
  • Egypt - Political

    2040 BC: Strong pharoahs regain power during the Middle Kingdom.
  • Egypt - Political

    2180 BC: The power of pharoahs started to decline and marks the end of the Old Kingdom.
  • Egypt - Economic

    2500 BC: Hieroglyphics was written on papyrus reeds instead of stone.
  • Egypt - Economic

    2500 BC: Egyptians developed a system of counting
  • Egypt - Economic

    2500 BC: Egyptians made medicine for the ill and splints for the injured.
  • Egypt - Culture

    2500 BC: Scribes created hieroglyphics as the writing system.
  • Egypt - Culture

    2500 BC: Egyptians developed a calendar system to keep track of floods.
  • Egypt - Social

    2500 BC: Egyptian women are granted many equal rights as men.
  • Egypt - Social

    2500 BC: People are not locked into their specific social classes.
  • India - Political

    2500 BC: India was made of a sigle society, instead of city-states.
  • India - Political

    2500 BC: People of India had a strong central government.
  • India - Political

    2500 BC: India's land climate and formations kept from invaders.
  • India - Interactions with Environment

    2500 BC: Civilization was discovered in India.
  • India - Interactions with Environment

    2500 BC: World's largest mountains protected India to the North and desert protected it to the East.
  • India - Interactions with Environment

    2500 BC: The Indus and Ganges Rivers made the land fertile for farming
  • India - Culture

    2500 BC: People started building India's first cities.
  • India - Culture

    2500 BC: People constructed strong levees to keep from flooding.
  • India - Economic

    2500 BC: Engineers created plumbing and sewage systems.
  • India - Economic

    2500 BC: People made oven-baked bricks for houses, instead of sun-baked mud
  • Egypt - Culture

    2556 BC: The Great Pyramids of Giza were completed.
  • Mesopotamia - Social

    3000 BC: Large cities first appeared
  • Mesopotamia - Social

    3000 BC: Sumerians created a social pyramid
  • Mesopotamia - Social

    3000 BC: Women in Sumerian society cooked food for men and cared for children.
  • Mesopotamia - Interaction with Environment

    3000 BC: Sumerians invented the wheel.
  • Mesopotamia - Culture

    3000 BC: Writing in cuneiform was created.
  • Mesopotamia - Culture

    3000 BC: Math based system was created based on the number 60.
  • Mesopotamia - Culture

    3000 BC: Sumerians practiced polytheism, believing in multiple Gods
  • Mesopotamia - Economic

    3000 BC: Trade with people began with others across southwestern Asia.
  • Mesopotamia - Economic

    3000 BC: The mesopotamians traded for metals, timber, and stone.
  • Greece - Interaction with Environment

    3000 BC: Minoans ived on the large island of Crete.
  • Greece - Interaction with Environment

    3000 BC: Rugged mountains covered most of Greece.
  • Greece - Economic

    3000 BC: Mycenaeans used the seas around them to aid in trading.
  • Mesopotamia - Political

    3000 BC: Sumerians build ziggurats to be closer to the Gods.
  • India - Economic

    3200 BC: Farming in villages has begun.
  • Mesopotamia - Economic

    5500 BC: Farming and agriculture begins in southern Mesopotamia