America's Timeline Project

  • Period: Apr 24, 1542 to

    Abolitionism

    *Movement to end african slave trade and set slaves free
    *northern states, beginning with Pennsylvania in 1780, passed legislation during the next two decades abolishing slavery
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    Eli Whitney

    *Invented the Cotton GIn
    *Made interchangeable parts for muskets
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    Grimke Sisters

  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    *The U.S. purcahsed 828,000 sq. miles from France for 15 million dollars, 233 million dollars today.
    *The territory purchased contained 15 present day U.S. states and two present day Canadian provinces.
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    Lewis and Clark

    *First American Expedition
    *Commissioned by Thomas Jefferson
    *The purpose was to explore the newly purchased territory
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    William Lloyd Garrison

    *He was a prominent American abolitionist, journalist, and social reformer
    *best known as the editor of the abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator"
    * one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society
    *promoted "immediate emancipation" of slaves in the U.S.
    *prominent voice for the women's suffrage movement
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    Robert E. Lee

    He was a military commander for the Confederates, and was a fantastic military leader for the U.S. for 32 years. He was a hero of war, and is an icon.
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    President Lincoln

    President Lincoln was extremely important. He was against slavery and wanted to free the slaves. He made the Emancipation Proclamation which was to free slaves. They were freed in 1866. He also led the U.S. into WW2.
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    Frederick Douglass

    *American social reformer, orator, writer and statesman
    *escaped from slavery
    *became a leader of the abolitionist movement
    *wrote several autobiographies
    *Wrote "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave"
    *actively supported women's suffrage
    *first African American nominated for Vice President of the U.S.
    *held multiple public offices
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Tensions between slavery and antislavery began to arise. They especially began to buid when Missouri requested to be a slave state in the union which messed with the balance of slave states and slave free states. The Missouri Compromise was then admited and allowed Missouri to be a slave state and, to balance it out, declared Maine a free state. It also drew an imaginary line between slave and slave free states that was once released in 1854 because of the Nebraska-Kansas Act.
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    Ulysses S. Grant

    He was a war general in the second half of the civil war. He began a reconstruction period when he became president. He was a Republican, and he supported the union, freedom, and equality. He really boosted he economy as well. The Transcontinental railroad was built during his presidency. Grant tried to make a peace policy with the Native Americans.
  • Monroe Doctorine

    Monroe Doctorine
    *policy of the United States
    *stated that any further attempts by Europe to colonize the states in North or South would be seen as acts of aggression
    *It was presented by President James Monroe
  • Erie Canal

    Erie Canal
    *First transportation system between the eastern seaboard and the western interior of the U.S.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    *The belief that american settlers were destined to expand across the continent
    *most Democrats strongly supported Manifest Destiny and most Whigs strongly opposed it
    *Unsupported by John Quincy Adams
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    Sitting Bull

    He was a holy man who lead his people as cheif during the years of resistance to the united states police. He was killed on standing rock indian reservation by indian angency police who feared he would join the ghost movement. His people were the Hunkpapa Lakota.
  • Nate Turner

    Nate Turner
    *American Slave
    *Led slave rebellion in Virginia
    *rebellion led to 60 white deaths and at least 100 black deaths
    *He was sentenced to death and hanged
    *new laws prohibited education of blacks and restricted rights of assembly
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    Nullification Crisis

    South Carolina tried to bring up that the states could override the legislation rule by violating state laws. This caused many problems to arise and the economy was going down. Soon however, a compromise tariff agreement was reached and the states got the economic relief they wanted.
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    Jefferson Davis-n

    Jefferson Davis was selected as on of six presidential electors for the 1844 presidential election
    Became colonel of Mississippi RIfles
    Participated in Siege of Monterrey
    Filled out Senate term for Jesse Speight in 1847
    Chairman of Committee on Military Affairs
    Franklin Pierce made him Secratary of War in 1853
    Retunred to Senate in 1857
    Elected President of Confederate States of America in 1861
    Formed his first cabinet in 1861
    In 1865, he was imprisoned for treason
    Dead in 1889
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    Wilmot Proviso

    This event came from David Proviso. He tried to get it to pass, but it wouldn't get farther then the Senate. It was a major event leading to the civil war. He wanted to divide the congress because he didn't want slavery to pass to lands ceded by Mexico.
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    Thomas Edison

    Thomas Edison was an American inventor and businessman.
    He created things like the "motion picture camera" and (a more popular known invention) the electric light bulb.
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    Elizabeth Cady Stanton
    *leading figure of the early women's rights movement
    *Author of Declaration of Sentiments
    *credited for initiating the first organized women's rights and women's suffrage movements in the U.S.
  • Seneca Falls Conference

    Seneca Falls Conference
    *early and influential women's rights convention
    *The first to be organized by women in the wester world
    *Only 100 of 300 attendants signed it, mostly women
    * the start of the push for women's suffrage in the U.S.
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    Samuel Gompers

    He was a labor union leader and he founed the American Federation of Labor. He also served as the organizations president from 1886 to 1894 and again from 1895 until his death in 1924.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    This act created the boundaries of Kansas and Nebraska. It opened up new settlements and repealed the Missouri Compromise. It was of popular sovereighnty so that the settlers there could decide if they wanted slavery there of not.
  • Dred Scott Case

    Dred Scott Case
    This is when the U.S. court declared that all black people, slaves or not slaves, could never become citizens of the United States. The case was presented by Dred Scott wh was a former slave and wanted more land,however, because he was black, the court said that he had no right to it. The Constitution supposably didn't "include" African Americans when it said, "All men are created equal."
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    Ida Tarbell

    An American teacher, author and journalist who is best known for her "History of the Standard Oil Company"
  • John Brown's Raid

    John Brown's Raid
    John Brown wanted to abolish slavery so he led men on a big raid. He planned to arm slaves and then attack. However, they were defeated and many of his men were killed.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Began being built in 1829, but was still unfinished during the Civil War.
    The first shots of the CIvil War were fired here April 12, 1861
    The first battle involved 34 staright hours of open fire
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    First major battle during Civil War to take place on Union soil
    Bloodiest one-day battle in American history
    22,717 were dead, wounded, or missing
    Nobody won.. THey had a truce as it was a very bloody battle.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Order issued by Abraham Lincoln to make all enslaved in Confederate Territory free forever.
    It was not passed by Congress
    It was basedon Lincoln's Constitutional Authority
  • The Siege of Vicksburg

    The Siege of Vicksburg
    Final major military act in Vicksburg Campaign
    Union drove Confederates into defensive lines surrounding Vicksburg
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    July 1st-July 3rd
    Battle with largest number of casualties in Civil War
    "War's Turning Point"
    Union defeated Confederate attacks which ended Lee's campaign through the north.
  • Battle of Atlanta

    Battle of Atlanta
    Battle of the Atlanta Campaign
    Union surprised Confederates and won and continued down to Savannah afterwards.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The 13th Amendment outlaws slavery unless serving punishment for a crime.
    It was the first of the three amendments made after the American Civil War.
  • Fourteenth Amendment

    Fourteenth Amendment
    Overruled the Supreme Court's decision of saying people who descended from Africa were not able to be citizens of the United States.
  • John D. Rockefeller

    John D. Rockefeller founds the Standard Oil Company. It held about 10% of the oil business at the time of its formation.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    Prohibits governments from denying a citizen to vote based on a person's race or color.
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    Jim Crow

    Jim crow laws were laws made for colored people only. They did not apply to the white people.
  • Chinese Exclusion act of 1882

    A ban on chinese immigration that was later replaced by the Magnuson act.
  • American Federation of Labor

    The American Federation of Labor was founded
  • Wounded Knee

    Took place on the Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reserve. American troops went into the camp to disarm the tribe and when some of the tribesmen did not want to give up their weapon the troops opened fire. 150 men, women and children from the tribe were killed and a few troopsmen were wounded and later died as well.
  • Ellis Island

    The first fedral immigration station was opened on Ellis Island. Congress appropiated $75,000 to the building of this.
  • 1894 Pullmen Strike

    The ARU (American Railroad Union) shut down much of the nations transportation. This resulted in the Pullmen Palace Car Company reducing wages and not reduceing the rent of its housed workers. This resulted in the workers pretesting.
  • Plessy Vs. Ferguson

    They were argueing the "seperate but equal" policy.
  • Upton sinclares the jungle

    Upton Sinclare wrote the jungle to expose the american meat packing industry. This book caused public uproar.