American History - XVIII and XIX Century

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    Creation of Southern Colonies

    (1607) Colony and Dominion of Virginia - (1632) Province of Maryland - (1712) Province of North Carolina - (1712) Province of South Carolina - (1732) Province of Georgia.
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    Creation of New England Colonies

    (1629) Province of New Hampshire - (1636) Connecticut Colony - (1663) Colony of Rhode Island - (1691) Province of Massachusetts Bay
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    Creation of the Middle Colonies

    (1664) Delaware Colony - (1664) Province of New York - (1664) Province of New Jersey - (1681) Province of Pennsylvania
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    French and Indian War/Seven Years War

    The final conflict in the ongoing struggle between the British and French for control of eastern North America. The British win a decisive victory over the French
  • The Royal Proclamation

    The Royal Proclamation
    The British King George III and forbade the colonists to settle west of the Appalachian mountains until proper treaties had been made with the Amerindians.
  • The Sugar and Currency Act

    The Sugar and Currency Act
    Sugar Act (taxes on sugar) / Currency Act (regulated paper money issued by the colonies).
  • The Stamp Act

    The Stamp Act
    The colonists had to buy special tax stamps and attach them to newspapers, pamphlets, licenses, and legal papers. The Stamp Act Congress founded by 27 representatives from 9 colonies in New York Merchants and shopkeepers refused to sell British goods until the Stamp Act was withdrawn
  • The Declaratory Act

    The Declaratory Act
    Asserted the authority of the British Parliament over the colonies in all cases.
  • The Boston Massacre

    The Boston Massacre
    British troops fire into a mob, killing five men and leading to intense public protests.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    Group of colonial patriots disguised as Mohawk Indians board three ships in Boston harbor and dump more than 300 crates of tea overboard as a protest against the British tea tax.
  • The Coercive/ Intolerable Acts

    The Coercive/ Intolerable Acts
    Five Acts were passed to punish the people of the Boston tea party . The Boston harbor was closed until the tea was paid for.
  • The first Continental Congress (Philadelphia)

    56 delegates representing every colony except Georgia, met to oppose British oppression divided opinions on how to solve the problem.
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    American Revolution

    War of independence fought between Great Britain and the 13 British colonies on the eastern seaboard of North America. Battles of Lexington and Concord, Mass, between the British Army and colonial minutemen, mark the beginning of the war.
  • The Continental Congress cut off all ties to Britain

    The Declaration of Independence was issued (4th July 1776) by Thomas Jefferson. It officially named the colonies “The United States of America”. It sent the basis for a new form of government
  • First flag and first constitution of US

    First flag and first constitution of US
    Continental Congress approves the first official flag of the United States and adopts the Articles of Confederation, the first U.S. constitution
  • Independence of the colonies

    Treaty of Paris: Stated that the Colonies were an independent nation. More territories were granted to them.
  • George Washington becomes the 1st president

    George Washington becomes the 1st president
    George Washington is unanimously elected president of the United States in a vote by state electors.
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    First ten amendments to the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights, are ratified.
  • John Adams becomes president of US

    John Adams becomes president of US
    John Adams is declared as the second president of the United States, in Philadelphia.
  • The Louisiana Purchase

    France sold Louisiana to the US (Napoleon needed money to fight against Britain). President Jefferson wanted explorers to go beyond Louisiana (lands known as Oregon).
  • The Oregon Trail

    The Oregon Trail
    The explorers were Lewis and Clark, who arrived to the Pacific Ocean. This became known as the Oregon Trail.
  • Congress banned slave ships coming from Africa

  • The Missouri Compromise

    It was decided that slavery would be permitted in Missouri and Arkansas but banned in lands to the west and north of Missouri.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    All Amerindians east of the Mississippi River would be moved to “Indian Territory” (unfarmable lands).
  • Texas became independent from Mexico

  • The Trail of Tears

    The Trail of Tears
    Forced relocations of Native Americans in the United States from the Southeastern United States, to areas to the west of the Mississippi River that had been designated as Indian Territory.
  • The Oregon Treaty

    The treaty brought an end to the Oregon boundary dispute by settling competing for American and British claims to the Oregon Country
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    The Mexican-American War

  • California becomes a free state

    Congress decided that California was admitted to the US as a free state and people in Utah and New Mexico could decide whether to own slaves or not
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    It made it easier for southerners to capture slaves who had escaped from their masters. The law called for severe penalties for those who assisted these black people. Slave owners offered rewards for the return of runaway slaves. This lead to the emergence of “bounty hunters” who made their living by hunting down fugitive slaves.
  • Abraham Lincoln becomes president of the US

    Abraham Lincoln becomes president of the US
  • Creation of the Confederate States of America

    Eleven southern states announced that they were now an independent nation.
  • Beginning of The Civil War

    Beginning of The Civil War
    Confederate forces opened fire in Fort Sumter, South Carolina, which was occupied by the United States. This marked the beginning of the Civil War.
  • The Union captured New Orleans

  • The Emancipation Proclamation

    It was passed by Lincoln and declared that all slaves living in the Confederacy were to make free. This changed the focus of the war from succession to protecting slavery.
  • The Union captured Vicksburg

    The Union captured Vicksburg
  • The biggest battle in the US story

    The biggest battle in the US story
    Confederate forces marched into Gettysburg Pennsylvania but found the Union blocking their way. Union forces won and the Confederacy would never recover from this defeat. This was the biggest battle ever fought in the US.
  • The Gettysburg Address

    The Gettysburg Address
    Became more famous than the battle because it expressed certain principles of the democratic government.
  • The Union occupied Savannah

  • The Confederacy surrendered in Appomattox

  • President Lincoln was Assassinated

    President Lincoln was Assassinated
    He was succeeded by Andrew Johnson.
  • 13th Amendment abolished slavery

  • Congress passed the Civil Rights Act

    Despite opposition from the president. It also set up the Freedmen’s Bureau. Both were intended to ensure black people’s rights in the South. 14th Amendment to the constitution gave blacks the right to citizenships and vote
  • Congress passed the Reconstruction Act

    This placed all-white governments in the South under military rule. They would be able to elect their government again only if they accepted the 14th amendment.
  • All southern states had “Reconstruction” governments

    Most were made up of black some northerners and some southerners.
  • Congress withdrew federal troops from the South

    Black people were more and more treated as “second class citizens”.